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Capital Cities, Currencies and Flags
Europe

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EU and Eurozone
Eurozone, Not EU
EU, Not Eurozone
Not EU, Not Eurozone

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Capitals, Currencies and Flags: Europe

You can't think about European currencies without considering the Eurozone.

The Eurozone consists of those members of the EU that have adopted the Euro as their sole legal tender.

This page separates those countries that are in the EU and the Eurozone, and those that aren't ... and those (such as the United Kingdom, for the time being at least) that are in one but not the other.

It also shows the former currencies of the countries that use the euro.

EU and Eurozone

On 1 January 2015, Lithuania became the 19th member of the Eurozone.

Country Capital Joined EU Previous currencyJoined EurozoneFlag
Austria Click to show or hide the answer 1995 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Belgium Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Cyprus Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2008 Click for flag
Estonia Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2011 Click for flag
Finland Click to show or hide the answer 1995 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
France Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Germany Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Greece Click to show or hide the answer 1981 Click to show or hide the answer 2001 Click for flag
Ireland (Republic of) Click to show or hide the answer 1973 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Italy Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Latvia Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2014 Click for flag
Lithuania Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2015 Click for flag
Luxembourg Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Malta Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2008 Click for flag
Netherlands Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Portugal Click to show or hide the answer 1986 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Slovakia Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2009 Click for flag
Slovenia Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2007 Click for flag
Spain Click to show or hide the answer 1986 Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag

Non-EU countries that use the Euro

The following six countries are not members of the EU (and therefore cannot be members of the Eurozone) but have adopted the euro:

Country Capital Previous currency Joined EurozoneFlag
Andorra Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Kosovo Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 2002 Click for flag
Monaco Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 2002 Click for flag
Montenegro Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 2002 Click for flag
San Marino Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag
Vatican City Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 1999 Click for flag

EU countries that don't use the Euro

The following nine countries are members of the EU but have not (yet) adopted the euro:

Country Capital Joined EU Currency Notes Flag
Bulgaria Click to show or hide the answer 2007 Click to show or hide the answer no clear adoption plans (Jan 2016) Click for flag
Croatia Click to show or hide the answer 2013 Click to show or hide the answer expected to adopt the euro around 2016 Click for flag
Czech Republic Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer plans to adopt the euro in 2010 were suspended indefinitely in 2005 Click for flag
Denmark Click to show or hide the answer 1973 Click to show or hide the answer has a formal opt-out Click for flag
Hungary Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer unlikely to adopt the euro before "some time in the 2020s" Click for flag
Poland Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer unlikely to adopt the euro before 2019, if at all Click for flag
Romania Click to show or hide the answer 2007 Click to show or hide the answer expected to adopt the euro around 2020 Click for flag
Sweden Click to show or hide the answer 1995 Click to show or hide the answer exploiting a loophole to avoid adopting the euro Click for flag
United Kingdom Click to show or hide the answer 1973 Click to show or hide the answer negotiated an opt–out from adopting the euro Click for flag

Other European countries

The following sixteen European countries are not members of the EU and have not (yet) adopted the euro:

Country Capital CurrencyFlag
Albania Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Armenia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Azerbaijan Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Belarus Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Bosnia and Herzegovina Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
FYR Macedonia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Georgia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Iceland Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Liechtenstein Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Moldova Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Norway Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Russia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Serbia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Switzerland Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag
Ukraine Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click for flag

© Haydn Thompson 2017