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Geography
Islands
Pacific and Indian Oceans

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Islands: the Pacific and Indian Oceans

Indonesia's smallest province, and home to most of its Hindu minority – a popular tourist destination Click to show or hide the answer
The largest island in the Pacific Ocean; the world's third largest, and the only one that's administered by three different countries (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia) Click to show or hide the answer
Kalimantan is the Indonesian name for, and the name used in English for the Indonesian part of
Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia), Brunei (now a sovereign state): the last two (Sarawak and Brunei) are former British colonies
Name given to a Pacific island discovered by Captain Cook in 1777; its current official name is a transliteration of this name into the local (Gilbertese) language; claimed by the USA in 1856, but ceded to the Republic of Kiribati in 1983; occupied by the Allies during WWII, and the site of Britain's first H–bomb tests in 1957 Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Island group between Madagascar and mainland Africa (Indian Ocean) Click to show or hide the answer
Pacific group – largest are Rarotonga, Palmerston and Mangaia Click to show or hide the answer
Pacific island, famous for its (hieroglyphics and) 900 stone statues (moai) Click to show or hide the answer
Known in the local language (which has the same name) as Rapa Nui
Atoll in the Marshall Islands (central Pacific Ocean) where the first hydrogen bomb was detonated in 1952 Click to show or hide the answer
Formerly known as the Cannibal Islands Click to show or hide the answer
On the Equator, approx. 600 miles West of Ecuador Click to show or hide the answer
Guy Fawkes Island (Isla Guy Fawkes) is a group of small uninhabited islands in
Named after a village in Spain, which was the birthplace of Pedro de Ortega Valencia, a member of the expedition that discovered it (the island) in 1568 (the expedition was led by Álvaro de Mendaña) Click to show or hide the answer
Japan's second largest island Click to show or hide the answer
Japan's largest island Click to show or hide the answer
Amsterdam Island, Kerguelen, Crozet Island, McDonald Island Click to show or hide the answer
Irian Jaya – the Western half of New Guinea – is part of Click to show or hide the answer
Home to 60 per cent of the population of Indonesia, making it the world's most populous island Click to show or hide the answer
Chilean island (group) on which Alexander Selkirk was cast away – renamed Robinson Crusoe Island 1966 Click to show or hide the answer
Alaska's largest island (in the Gulf of Alaska, off the south–eastern coast), and the USA's second largest after Hawai'i; part of the archipelago of the same name; has a bear named after it Click to show or hide the answer
Indonesian island after which the World's largest lizard is named Click to show or hide the answer
Island in the Tasman Sea, discovered in 1788 by a convict ship on its way from Sydney to Norfolk Island; named after a British admiral, best known for his service during the American War of Independence Click to show or hide the answer
Largest island in the Philippines Click to show or hide the answer
Largest island in the Indian Ocean; home to 5% of the world's plant and animal species, 80% of which are endemic to it – including the lemurs and the cat–like fossa Click to show or hide the answer
Largest of the Seychelles Click to show or hide the answer
In the Indian Ocean, 400 miles South–West of Sri Lanka Click to show or hide the answer
Collective name for Mauritius, Réunion and Rodrigues (after the 16th–century Portuguese explorer who 'discovered' them) Click to show or hide the answer
Second largest of the Hawaiian islands (after Hawaii) Click to show or hide the answer
The dodo (extinct since the mid–to–late 17th century) was native to Click to show or hide the answer
Island in the Comoro group that is an overseas region and department of France Click to show or hide the answer
Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Vanuatu Click to show or hide the answer
Name shared by islands off North Canada and North Australia Click to show or hide the answer
Second–largest island in the Philippines (after Luzon) Click to show or hide the answer
Hawaiian island, has the world's highest seas cliffs Click to show or hide the answer
Indonesian islands, once known as the Spice Islands Click to show or hide the answer
Irian Jaya was the name used from 1973 to 2000 for the Indonesian (western) part of Click to show or hide the answer
Situated between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia, settled in 1856 by exiles from Pitcairn (which could not sustain the increase in population); along with nearby uninhabited Phillip Island and Nepean Island, forms an Australian 'external territory', previously (1788–1814 and 1825–55) used as a penal colony Click to show or hide the answer
Third largest of the Hawaiian islands (see Maui), and home to 80% of its population Click to show or hide the answer
Pearl Harbor and Waikiki Beach are on
Mt. Pinatubo: volcano in the Click to show or hide the answer
1790: Christian and the Bounty mutineers landed, and formed a colony, on Click to show or hide the answer
Island group off British Columbia, north of Vancouver Island; includes Graham Island, Moresby Island, and about 150 smaller islands Click to show or hide the answer
Island between Madagascar and Mauritius that is an overseas region and department of France Click to show or hide the answer
Russia's largest island (part of the Japanese group – slightly smaller than Hokkaido) Click to show or hide the answer
Island off Los Angeles: largest town is Avalon, which has been home at different times to Zane Grey and Marilyn Monroe Click to show or hide the answer
Approx 800 miles NE of (the northern tip of) Madagascar (Indian Ocean) Click to show or hide the answer
Guadalcanal, Malaita, San Cristobal, New Georgia, Santa Isabel Click to show or hide the answer
Formerly known as Serendip Click to show or hide the answer
Adams Peak is a mountain on, Adam's Bridge is a group of islands off
South of South Island – New Zealand's third–largest island Click to show or hide the answer
The largest island belonging wholly to Indonesia Click to show or hide the answer
Largest of the Society Islands (the Society Islands are part of the French Overseas Country of French Polynesia); visited by Captains Cook and Bligh Click to show or hide the answer
Named Van Dieman's Land by Abel Tasman, on discovery in 1642, after his sponsor, the Governor–General of the Dutch East Indies; proved to be an island in 1799 by Bass and Flinders; established as a British colony in 1825, and officially renamed in 1856 Click to show or hide the answer
Nicknamed the Apple Island
Port Arthur (former convict settlement)
Part of Indonesia; gives its name to the sea on which Darwin is situated Click to show or hide the answer
The Friendly Islands Click to show or hide the answer
Separated from mainland Canada by the Juan de Fuca Strait Click to show or hide the answer
Received by Britain from Germany, in 1890, in return for Heligoland Click to show or hide the answer
Joined Tanganyika, 1963, to form the Republic of Tanzania
Pemba (famous for its cloves) and Mafia Island are two of the three main islands of (the archipelago of)

© Haydn Thompson 2017