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Rebellions

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Rebellions

This page is about anti-establishment activists and activities, around the world and throughout history.

Sunni Islamist terrorist network led by Osama bin Laden Click to show or hide the answer
Revolutionary wave of demonstrations, protests, riots and civil wars in the Middle East and North Africa, beginning in December 2010 in Tunisia (affecting, in decreasing order of seriousness: Syria, Libya, Yemen, Egypt, Bahrain, Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia). Largely faded by mid–2012, although the civil war in Syria was still ongoing in late 2016 Click to show or hide the answer
Chairman of the PLO, from its foundation in 1969 until his death in 2004 Click to show or hide the answer
Alternative name for the Red Army Faction, formed 1970 Click to show or hide the answer
Executed 1568 for plotting to assassinate Elizabeth I and enthrone Mary, Queen of Scots Click to show or hide the answer
Led Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Venezuela (his own country) to independence from Spain Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name for Hitler's attempted coup near Munich, November 1923, which led to his being imprisoned for high treason Click to show or hide the answer
South African student leader, died while in police custody, 1977 Click to show or hide the answer
Steve Biko's pressure group Click to show or hide the answer
Serbian resistance movement that contrived the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, 1914 Click to show or hide the answer
USA: revolutionary black nationalist and socialist organization, founded in 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, active until 1982 Click to show or hide the answer
Palestinian guerrilla movement, formed 1972, massacred Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics (1972) Click to show or hide the answer
Attracted worldwide attention in 2014 when it kidnapped 276 schoolgirls from their dormitory in the Nigerian town of Chibok Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Chinese peasant uprising, 1899–1901, against foreign influence – led by the Society of Right and Harmonious Fists Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Neapolitan secret societies with Masonic links, major role in the Neapolitan Revolution (1820) Click to show or hide the answer
Leader of the Gunpowder Plot Click to show or hide the answer
1820 plot to assassinate the entire Cabinet, including Prime Minister Lord Liverpool, and instigate a French–style Committee of Public Safety Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Zulu leader in Zulu Wars (defeated 1879) Click to show or hide the answer
19th century working class movement led by William Lovett – newspaper The Northern Star – founded 1838, last convention 1838 Click to show or hide the answer
Parisian rebels in the aftermath of French defeat in the Franco–Prussian War Click to show or hide the answer
Right–wing guerrilla force that tried to overthrow the democratically elected Somoza government in Nicaragua, 1979–90, with covert US funding (revealed by Col. Oliver North in the "Irangate" trial, 1986–7 Click to show or hide the answer
1955–9: EOKA (led by General Giorgios Grivas) opposed British rule in Click to show or hide the answer
1825 military revolt or uprising in Russia, in protest at the accession of Nicholas I after his elder brother Constantine removed himself from the line of succession Click to show or hide the answer
17th–century English dissenters, led by Gerrard Winstanley Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Alleged conspiracy to poison Stalin and other Soviet leaders, 1952 Click to show or hide the answer
Name given to the unsuccessful armed insurrection in Ireland, April 1916 – aimed at ending British rule Click to show or hide the answer
Nationalist guerrilla organisation that fought for an end to British rule in Cyprus, 1955–9 – led by Georgios Grivas, also known by the nom–de–guerre Digenis Click to show or hide the answer
Basque separatist movement, founded in 1959 to establish an independent socialist state for the Basque people; now aims to assert the right of the Basque people to self–determination Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in Tanzania in 1962, to fight for independence for Mozambique; has ruled Mozambique since 1975 Click to show or hide the answer
WWII: Maquis Click to show or hide the answer
Led a 240–mile, 24–day march from his house in Ahmedabad to the coast, 1930, in protest against the British salt tax in India Click to show or hide the answer
Leftist faction of the Chinese Communist Party, led by Mao Zedong's wife Jiang Qing; assumed power towards the end of the Cultural Revolution (1976), but ousted in a coup in October 1976, one month after Mao's death; subsequently charged with a series of treasonous crimes; name later used (somewhat ironically) for the four founders of the UK's SDP (1981), as well as other diverse groups Click to show or hide the answer
The "liberal republican" faction in the French Revolution – rose to power through 1792, but fell to the Jacobins in 1793 Click to show or hide the answer
Riots in protest at Catholic emancipation, London, 1780 Click to show or hide the answer
Revealed in a letter to Lord Mounteagle; John Wright, Christopher Wright and Thomas Winter were executed for their parts in Click to show or hide the answer
State formed following a successful slaves' revolt in the French colony of Saint Domingue, begun in 1791 by Dutty Boukman (and others); Toussaint Louverture (L'Ouverture) took up the cause in 1793 and became its best–known leader; independence, declared on 1 January 1804 by Louverture's lieutenant, Jean–Jacques Dessalines, who became its first independent ruler, was recognised in 1825 Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1987 with the aim of establishing an Islamic state in Palestine: name is Arabic for "zeal" Click to show or hide the answer
Last Saxon leader to hold out against the Normans (led a revolt in 1070) Click to show or hide the answer
Militant Shiite Muslim organization, formed 1982 in reaction to Israel's military presence in Lebanon; name means 'God's Party' Click to show or hide the answer
Started Barrackpore Jan 1857; ended Gwalior June 1858. Started by rumours (denied by the British) that cartridges for the new Enfield rifles, which soldiers had to bite to open, were greased with cow and pig fat Click to show or hide the answer
Mutiny of the British Atlantic Fleet, 1931, in protest against proposed pay cuts Click to show or hide the answer
Jewish extremist organisation led by Menachim Begin from 1942 Click to show or hide the answer
Radical democrats, led by Robespierre, who overthrew the Girondists and instituted the Reign of Terror (June 1773 to July 1774) Click to show or hide the answer
1715 and 1745: the First and Second Click to show or hide the answer
George Brooke and his brother Lord Cobham hatched a plot against Click to show or hide the answer
Term used for the replacement of Habib Bourguiba by Zine El Abidine Ben Ali as president of Tunisia in 1987 (Bourguiba was medically incapable of ruling); also used (ironically?) for Ben Ali's overthrow by popular protest in late 2010 and early 2011 Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the Zambian African National Congress, imprisoned 1958, who became President of Zambia Click to show or hide the answer
Leader of the Mau Mau (1950s) who became President of Kenya Click to show or hide the answer
English Civil War movement led by Richard Overton, William Walwyn, John Lilburne; the leaders were executed by Cromwell in 1649 Click to show or hide the answer
Peasants who destroyed machines in the Industrial Revolution Click to show or hide the answer
Radical journalist of the French Revolution, particularly noted for editing the newspaper L'Ami du Peuple (the Friend of the People); became an icon to the Jacobins as a revolutionary martyr after he was assassinated by Girondist sympathizer Charlotte Corday, while taking a medicinal bath for his debilitating skin condition, as portrayed in a famous painting by Jacques–Louis David Click to show or hide the answer
Secret guerrilla movement against British rule in Kenya, 1952–60 Click to show or hide the answer
Extreme left–wing group within the British Labour party, named after a newspaper founded in 1964: succeeded in getting a resolution passed at the 1972 party conference, committing the next Labour government to "a socialist plan ... based on public ownership"; five members were expelled from the party in 1982; highly influential in Liverpool City Council 1983–7, leading to 47 councillors being banned; influence ended from 1985 under the leadership of Neil Kinnock Click to show or hide the answer
Toasted as 'the little gentlemen in velvet' by Jacobites, in Queen Anne's reign (held responsible for the death of William III) Click to show or hide the answer
Secret society, opposed evictions in Ireland in the 1840s Click to show or hide the answer
Attempt by James Scott, illegitimate son of Charles II, to overthrow James II (his uncle) – taking its name from his dukedom; ended in defeat at Sedgemoor on 6 July 1685; Scott was hanged for treason, and many of his supporters were tried at the so–called Bloody Assizes Click to show or hide the answer
Arabic word for those engaged in a holy war: first came to prominence when used by insurgent groups who opposed the Soviet army in the Soviet–Afghan war of 1979–89 (they were supported by several foreign governments, including the USA) Click to show or hide the answer
Russian revolutionary movement, mid–19th century Click to show or hide the answer
First stage of Russia's Bolshevik uprising Click to show or hide the answer
Series of protests against corruption in the Ukraine elections of 2004 – after the campaign colour of the main opposition candidate, Viktor Yuschenko (who was confirmed as president after the second vote) Click to show or hide the answer
English uprising of 1380–1 – a.k.a. the Great Uprising; led by Wat Tyler (also Jack Straw and John Ball); prompted by the imposition of a poll tax, it led to the end of serfdom in England Click to show or hide the answer
In 1715, James Francis Edward Stewart, son of James II – the "Old Pretender" – landed at Click to show or hide the answer
Catholic rebellion against Henry VIII, 1536–7, originating in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, against the break from Rome, the dissolution of the monasteries and the enclosure of common land; led by Robert Aske Click to show or hide the answer
Alleged conspiracy to murder Charles II and re–establish Catholicism, 1678–81, fabricated by the Anglican clergyman Titus Oates. 15 alleged conspirators were executed, including Oliver Plunkett (Archbishop of Armagh) and William Howard (Viscount Stafford – son of the Duke of Norfolk) Click to show or hide the answer
Mozambique: Frelimo opposed colonial rule by Click to show or hide the answer
Period of reform and liberalisation in Czechoslovakia, led by Alexander Dubcek, that led to an uprising against Soviet rule and eventually to the Soviet invasion of 1968 Click to show or hide the answer
Militant left wing group active in Italy from 1970; kidnapped and assassinated prime minister Aldo Moro, 1978 Click to show or hide the answer
Youth movement in the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1960s) Click to show or hide the answer
June 1793 – July 1794: period of violence following the onset of the French Revolution, characterised by conflicts between the moderate Girondins and the more radical Jacobins; between 16,000 and 40,000 people were executed (mainly by guillotine) Click to show or hide the answer
1808: New South Wales Corps (of the British army) overthrew William Bligh, Governor of New South Wales, in response to his attempts to stop them trading in rum Click to show or hide the answer
Ten Days that Shook the World: title of a 1919 book by John Reed, about the Click to show or hide the answer
1683 plot to kill Charles II and the Duke of York (later James II) and put the Protestant Duke of Monmouth on the throne Click to show or hide the answer
Left–wing movement that helped to overthrow Somoza's government in Nicaragua in 1979, but was defeated in 1990 by Violeta Chamorro's US–backed coalition Click to show or hide the answer
Revolt of disaffected samurai against the new Japanese imperial government, in 1877 (nine years into the Meiji Era) – from the 'domain' that had become home to unemployed samurai after military reforms rendered their status obsolete Click to show or hide the answer
Marxist guerrilla group active in Peru, 1980–94 Click to show or hide the answer
Anglicised version of the name (meaning 'Lord Alexander' – presumably in reference to Alexander the Great) given by the Ottoman Turks to the Albanian nobleman George Castriot, who led a rebellion that lasted from 1443 to 1468 Click to show or hide the answer
Thracian slave, led the gladiators' revolt of 73–71 BC Click to show or hide the answer
President of South Africa's African National Congress, 1977–91 Click to show or hide the answer
Separatist guerrilla movement based in northern Sri Lanka Click to show or hide the answer
Duke of Monmouth was proclaimed King in 1685 at Click to show or hide the answer
Women who sat knitting by the Guillotine in the French Revolution Click to show or hide the answer
Carts that carried condemned prisoners to execution in the French Revolution Click to show or hide the answer
HQ of PLO since being expelled from Beirut (late 80s) Click to show or hide the answer
Marxist urban guerrilla movement in Uruguay, 1960s and 70s Click to show or hide the answer
Colonel von Stauffenberg's unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Hitler, 1944 Click to show or hide the answer
Jonas Savimbi: founder (1966) and president until his death in 2002 of (Angolan guerrilla movement) Click to show or hide the answer
Resistance movement led by Ho Chi Minh, defeated by French forces in Vietnam Click to show or hide the answer
Mexican revolutionary general, real name Doroteo Arango Arámbula: raided Columbus, New Mexico in 1916, and subsequently evaded General Pershing's "Punitive Expedition" for over a year; assassinated in 1923 by rival Mexican revolutionaries Click to show or hide the answer
Term for a counter–revolutionary, originating in the French Revolution but chiefly associated with the Russian civil wars of 1917–21 Click to show or hide the answer
Popular uprising in England, 1554, against Queen Mary I's plans to marry Philip II of Spain Click to show or hide the answer
Leader of the 1910 revolt in Mexico – slogan 'Land and liberty'; killed in 1919, aged 39, in an ambush by Government troops led by Gen. Pablo Gonzales Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2018