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Science
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Biology

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Biology

This page is about biological terms that are not specific to either plants or animals –in other words, they don't fit exclusively into either Botany or Zoology.

The basic blocks used in the body for producing proteins: 20 naturally occurring substances (fatty acids), including alanine, aspargine, glycine, leucine, lysine, methionine and tyrosine – whose molecules are linked together to form proteins Click to show or hide the answer
The most abundant of all organisms: most are microscopic and unicellular; they reproduce asexually and are both useful and harmful to animals Click to show or hide the answer
Mitosis is the technical name for Click to show or hide the answer
The structure in a cell nucleus that carries the genes Click to show or hide the answer
A biological process that repeats about every 24 hours – e.g. the sleeping cycle Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Organism produced from a single parent – a genetic "carbon copy" Click to show or hide the answer
A complex, giant molecule containing the information needed for a cell to make proteins; each chromosome consists of a single strand Click to show or hide the answer
Adenine, guanine, thymine, and cytosine are the four bases of
Characteristic shape of DNA molecules Click to show or hide the answer
The outermost layer of a cell Click to show or hide the answer
Organic catalyst, found in plant and animal cells Click to show or hide the answer
Outermost layer of an animal or plant (skin, in vertebrates) Click to show or hide the answer
Single reproductive cell Click to show or hide the answer
A unit of inherited material, affecting a particular characteristic; can be either dominant or recessive Click to show or hide the answer
Has both male and female reproductive organs (plant or animal) Click to show or hide the answer
An animal or plant resulting from a cross between two genetically unlike individuals Click to show or hide the answer
Animals that suckle their young Click to show or hide the answer
The process by which a cell divides to form two identical cells Click to show or hide the answer
Aerobe: an organism that can only exist in the presence of Click to show or hide the answer
An organism that relies on another for life, but is harmful to the other Click to show or hide the answer
Asexual reproduction (development of young from unfertilised eggs) – colloquially "virgin birth" Click to show or hide the answer
The process by which all cells release energy Click to show or hide the answer
The sugar on which DNA and RNA are based Click to show or hide the answer
Paradoxical, orthodox: phases of Click to show or hide the answer
A close interaction between two species – generally mutualistic (i.e. both species benefit) Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
A poison produced by a living organism Click to show or hide the answer
A minute non–cellular particle that can reproduce only in living cells Click to show or hide the answer
Name of a fertilised cell – after two gametes merge but before cell division starts Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017–18