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Sport
Golf: Rules and Equipment

On this page:

Balls
Clubs
Miscellaneous

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Golf: Rules and Equipment

See also Golf: Players, Tournaments and Courses.

The governing authority of world golf, since 2004, everywhere except the USA and Mexico (where the game is governed by the US Golf Association or USGA) Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer

Balls

The first golf balls were made of Click to show or hide the answer
From the early 17th century, golf balls were made from leather pouches stuffed with Click to show or hide the answer
South–east Asian tree whose sap was used to make golf balls from the mid–19th century (and gave them their name, commonly abbreviated to "guttie") Click to show or hide the answer

Since about 1900, golf balls have been made from a rubber thread wound round a solid or liquid core encased in a thin outer shell.

Minimum diameter of a golf ball Click to show or hide the answer
Maximum weight of a golf ball Click to show or hide the answer

Golf balls must also be symmetrically dimpled, and there are regulations about the size of the dimples (which improve the aerodynamics of the ball and make it travel further).

Clubs

Maximum number of clubs that a player can use (or have in his/her bag) in a round Click to show or hide the answer
No. 1 wood Click to show or hide the answer
No. 2 wood Click to show or hide the answer
No. 3 wood Click to show or hide the answer
No. 1 iron Click to show or hide the answer
No. 2 iron Click to show or hide the answer
No. 3 iron Click to show or hide the answer
No. 5 iron Click to show or hide the answer
No. 7 iron Click to show or hide the answer
No. 9 iron Click to show or hide the answer
48 degree wedge Click to show or hide the answer
53 degree wedge Click to show or hide the answer
56 degree wedge; designed to be used to play out of a bunker Click to show or hide the answer
60 degree wedge Click to show or hide the answer
Putter, when used off the green Click to show or hide the answer

Miscellaneous

Diameter of the hole Click to show or hide the answer
Maximum time allowed for searching for a lost ball Click to show or hide the answer
Penalty for a lost ball Click to show or hide the answer
Penalty for playing the wrong ball (in strokeplay) Click to show or hide the answer
Number of holes in a Major tournament (4 rounds of 18) Click to show or hide the answer
Game played between two teams of two players each, when each player has his own ball and at each hole, the player with the lowest score wins that hole for his team Click to show or hide the answer
Game played between two teams of two players each, when each team uses only one ball and the players take it in turns Click to show or hide the answer
Two under par Click to show or hide the answer
Three under par – known in the USA as a Double Eagle Click to show or hide the answer
Matchplay: player who can't be beaten (e.g. 2 up with 2 to play) Click to show or hide the answer
Greatest possible winning margin in 18–hole matchplay Click to show or hide the answer
Measures the speed of a green, by rolling a ball down an angled slope and measuring how far it rolls (named after inventor Edward Stimpson, 1935) Click to show or hide the answer
Opponent's ball in the way of your ball Click to show or hide the answer
Golfers' name for a nervous inability to putt Click to show or hide the answer
A putt that's so close to the hole that the opponent concedes it Click to show or hide the answer
Ace Click to show or hide the answer
Golden Ferret Click to show or hide the answer
Mulligan (term used in a friendly game) Click to show or hide the answer
GUR Click to show or hide the answer
Difference between course and links Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017