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Golf (Tournaments, Players and Courses)

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The Open
US Open
US Masters
US PGA
World Matchplay
USA v Europe
Ryder Cup
Tournaments
Players
Courses

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Golf: Tournaments, Players and Courses

See also: Golf (Rules and Equipment).

The Open

The Open Championship was first played (first winner was Willie Park, Scotland) in Click to show or hide the answer
Course that hosted the first 12 Open Championships, 1860–72 (not played 1871) Click to show or hide the answer
Alternated with Prestwick and St. Andrews, 1872–91 Click to show or hide the answer
The Open first played outside Scotland (Royal St. George's, Sandwich, Kent) Click to show or hide the answer
Club that organises the Open Click to show or hide the answer
The Open: trophy since 1870 (replaced the original "Championship Belt"); officially known as the Golf Champion Trophy Click to show or hide the answer
The Open: the Silver Medal is awarded to the Click to show or hide the answer
The only non–Anglophone winner, until 1967 (French, 1907) Click to show or hide the answer
Jersey player, won six times 1896–1914 Click to show or hide the answer
1951: course on the north Antrim coast, the only one outside Scotland and England ever to host the Open – won by England's Max Faulkner (also the birthplace of Graeme McDowell, 2010 US Open winner) Click to show or hide the answer
Last amateur to win the Open (1926, 1927, 1930). Won the Grand Slam of the time (Open and Amateur tournaments, US and UK) in 1930; instrumental in establishing the Augusta National course and the Masters tournament Click to show or hide the answer
Ended a run of ten US wins, 1934; also won in 1937 and 1948 (England) Click to show or hide the answer
First South African Open champion (4 wins, 1949–57) Click to show or hide the answer
The only player in the 20th century to win three consecutive Opens (1954–6); also won in 1958 and 1965; the last apart from Tom Watson to win it five times Click to show or hide the answer
Argentine player, won the Open 1967; only the second non–Anglophone winner Click to show or hide the answer
1969: the only British winner of the Open between Max Faulkner (1951) and Sandy Lyle (1985) Click to show or hide the answer
US player, missed a 30–inch putt to lose the 1970 Open play–off to J. Nicklaus Click to show or hide the answer
Won 5 Opens, 1975 – 83, including lowest total in 1977 (268, beaten by Greg Norman's 267 in 1993); finished as runner–up in 2009, aged 59, in a play–off – after leading for much of the tournament Click to show or hide the answer
Won the Open at Lytham St. Annes, 1979 and 1988; also at St. Andrews in 1984 Click to show or hide the answer
1985 (Royal St. George's): the first British winner since Jacklin in 1969 Click to show or hide the answer
Won the Open at Muirfield, 1987 and 1992; also at St. Andrews in 1990 Click to show or hide the answer
Set a tournament record score of 267, 1993 – beating Tom Watson's 268 of 1977 Click to show or hide the answer
French player: gave away a 3–shot lead in the 1999 Open (Carnoustie), by unwisely playing a shot from the burn (stream) on the final hole Click to show or hide the answer
Won in 1999 after van der Velde's blunder – the first UK winner since Faldo in 1992, and the last before Clarke in 2011; still the last GBR winner (up to and including 2016)! Click to show or hide the answer
Irish player, won in 2007 and 2008 Click to show or hide the answer
Beat Tom Watson by six strokes in the 2009 (four–hole) play–off Click to show or hide the answer

US Open

US Open first played (first winner was Horace Rawlins, England) Click to show or hide the answer

The US Open was won by English or Scottish players every year from 1895 until 1910, except 1900 when the winner was Harry Vardon of Jersey. (Three English players won it in this period, and eight Scottish – including Willie Anderson who won it four times and Alex Smith who won twice.) The first US winner was John McDermott in 1911 (and 1912). Since then, the only non–US winners have been:

1920(Jersey) Click to show or hide the answer
1924(England) Click to show or hide the answer
1925(Scotland) Click to show or hide the answer
1965(South Africa) Click to show or hide the answer
1970(England) Click to show or hide the answer
1981(Australia) Click to show or hide the answer
1994, 1997 Click for more information (South Africa) Click to show or hide the answer
2001, 2004 (South Africa) Click to show or hide the answer
2005 (New Zealand) Click to show or hide the answer
2006 (Australia) Click to show or hide the answer
2007 Click for more information (Argentina) Click to show or hide the answer
2010 Click for more information (Northern Ireland) Click to show or hide the answer
2011 (Northern Ireland) Click to show or hide the answer
2013 (England) Click to show or hide the answer
2014 (Germany) Click to show or hide the answer

US Masters

Founded in 1934 by Bobby Jones as the Augusta National Invitation Tournament; the current name was adopted in 1939 Click to show or hide the answer
Before 1983, all players had to use Click to show or hide the answer
The US Masters is played at Click to show or hide the answer
Special award to the winner of the US Masters Click to show or hide the answer

US PGA

US PGA Championship first played (first winner was Jim Barnes, USA) Click to show or hide the answer
US PGA Championship changed from matchplay to strokeplay Click to show or hide the answer

World Matchplay Championship

World Matchplay Championship (inaugurated 1964) is played at Click to show or hide the answer
First British winner of the World Matchplay Championship (1987) Click to show or hide the answer
Northern Ireland golfer, won the rival WGC Matchplay Championship (held in the USA) in its second year (2000) Click to show or hide the answer

USA v Europe

Men Professional Click to show or hide the answer
Amateur Click to show or hide the answer
Women Professional Click to show or hide the answer
Amateur Click to show or hide the answer

The Walker Cup was founded by the maternal grandfather of Click to show or hide the answer

Ryder Cup

Ryder Cup first played Click to show or hide the answer
First away victory (US, captained by Walter Hagen, won at Southport & Ainsdale) Click to show or hide the answer
The USA's only Ryder Cup defeat between 1933 and 1985 Year Click to show or hide the answer
Venue Click to show or hide the answer
UK captain Click to show or hide the answer
USA's opponents in the Ryder Cup changed from UK to UK & Ireland Click to show or hide the answer
USA's opponents in the Ryder Cup changed from UK & Ireland to Europe Click to show or hide the answer
USA lost the Ryder Cup, first time for 28 years Click to show or hide the answer
USA's first ever home defeat (Europe captained by Jacklin, US by Nicklaus) Click to show or hide the answer
Number of players on each team in the Ryder Cup Click to show or hide the answer
Total number of points at stake in the Ryder Cup (since 1979 – 8 foursomes, 8 fourballs, 12 singles) Click to show or hide the answer
Points to win a Ryder Cup Click to show or hide the answer
Youngest ever Ryder Cup player (aged 19) Click to show or hide the answer
First to sink the winning putt in a Ryder Cup (1987), and later to captain a winning team (1997)
English golfer, scored a hole in one for Europe in the 2006 Ryder Cup Click to show or hide the answer
Played in a record 11 Ryder Cup tournaments (1977-97), winning a record 25 points Click to show or hide the answer
European Ryder cup captain 1991–5, succeeding Tony Jacklin (1983–9) Click to show or hide the answer
Youngest ever Ryder Cup player (1991: Spanish, aged 19 – broke Faldo's record) Click to show or hide the answer
Missed the putt that would have retained the Ryder Cup for Europe, 1991 Click to show or hide the answer
Italian player, halved the final match of the 2102 Ryder Cup with Tiger Woods, to secure Europe's remarkable comeback from 6-10 down after 3 days to win 14½-12½ Click to show or hide the answer
Second (after Ballesteros) to have sunk the winning putt in the Ryder Cup (1985) and captained a winning side (2002) Click to show or hide the answer

The 2001 event was postponed for 12 months (to September 2002) because of the 9/11 attacks. The Ryder Cup has been played in even years since 2002.

Year Venue Europe captain USA captain Winners
2008Valhalla (Louisville, Kentucky) Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
2010Celtic Manor (Newport, Gwent) Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
2012Medinah Country Club (Illinois) Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
2014Gleneagles Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
2016Hazeltine National (Chaska, Minnesota) Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
2018Saint–Quentin–en–Yvelines, France Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer  
2020 Whistling Straits (Haven, Wisconsin) TBA TBA  

Tournaments

This section is for questions where the answer is the name of a tournament (whether or not it has its own section elsewhere), and questions about tournaments that aren't covered in any other section.

Often described as "the fifth major": played every May since 1974 (since 1982 at the Tournament Players Club course at Sawgrass, near Jacksonville, Florida) Click to show or hide the answer
The Wanamaker Trophy (named in honour of the department store magnate who established this tournament in 1916) is awarded to the winner of the Click to show or hide the answer

For a few years in the early 2000s, the winner of the Italian Open won, as well as a cash prize, his own weight in Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer

Players

Tiger Woods's first major (aged 21) Click to show or hide the answer
Tiger Woods's record winning margin in any Major tournament (US Open, 2000) Click to show or hide the answer
First European and second non–US winner of the US Masters (1980, 1983) Click to show or hide the answer
Youngest winner (23 in 1980) of the US Masters, before Tiger Woods (21 in 1997)
American golfer, b. 1931: US Open champion 1959 and 1966, Masters champion 1970: the protagonist in the 1969 film Kes had the same name Click to show or hide the answer
New Zealander – Open champion 1963, the first left–handed golfer to win a major.  Knighted 1999 Click to show or hide the answer
US golfer, known for his unconventional appearance, attitude and personal life; won the PGA Championship in 1991 and the Open in 1995 (in a playoff against Costantino Rocca); the only double major winner not to have appeared in a Ryder Cup Click to show or hide the answer
The only non–US winner of the US Open in the 1990s (1992, 1997); (British) Open winner 2002; initials TEE! (actual first name Theodore ) Click to show or hide the answer
Second British winner, second to win back–to–back US Masters (1989,1990); last before Tiger Woods and Phil Mickelson to win more than four majors Click to show or hide the answer
Irish golfer: on retirement in 1997, became a pundit for CBS; likened Colin Montgomerie's face to "a bulldog licking its own piss off a nettle", but denied dubbing him "Mrs. Doubtfire" (a nickname that American fans took to with relish) Click to show or hide the answer
Last British winner of the US Open, before Justin Rose in 2013 (1970) Click to show or hide the answer
Born 1997 in Seoul, emigrated to New Zealand with her family aged 12; turned pro in 2013, after 130 weeks as world amateur No. 1; youngest ever winner of a women's major (2015), and youngest ever world No. 1 of either gender (also 2015) Click to show or hide the answer
Second European winner of the US Masters (1985) Click to show or hide the answer
Third European and first British winner of the US Masters (1988); won the Open at Sandwich, 1985 Click to show or hide the answer
Masters winner 2004, 2006, 2010 – also won the US PGA 2005 and the (British) Open 2013 – nickname Lefty Click to show or hide the answer
Most Major wins: 18, 1962–86 (3 Opens, 4 US Opens, 5 PGAs, 6 Masters);
most US Masters wins (6); first to win back–to–back US Masters (1965, 1966)
Click to show or hide the answer
1958–64: 4 US Masters, 1 US Open, 2 Opens; never won the PGA; first golfer to win a million dollars in prize money Click to show or hide the answer
First non–US winner of the US Masters (1961, 1974, 1978) Click to show or hide the answer
First non–US winner of the US PGA (1962, 1972)
First non–US winner of the US Open since 1925 (1965)
First non–US golfer to head the US money winners' list
Also won The Open in three different decades (1959, 1968, 1974)
Made his 52nd (and last) appearance at the Masters, 2009 (first appeared 1956; missed 1957, 1973). Last played in the Open 2001, US Open 1989, US PGA 1985
The only non–US player to win the "career grand slam"; won 9 majors altogether, more than any other non–US player
First to win the "career grand slam" (all four Majors in a career – 1922–35).
(Four others have done it since: Ben Hogan, Gary Player, Jack Nicklaus, Tiger Woods)
Click to show or hide the answer
The first ever official number one player in women's golf (2006) Click to show or hide the answer
In 2015, became the youngest Masters champion since Woods in 1997, and youngest US Open champion since Bobby Jones in 1923 (both aged 21); blew a 5–stroke lead on the last 9 holes of the 2016 Masters, eventually finishing 3 strokes behind winner Danny Willett (equal second with Lee Westwood) Click to show or hide the answer
Former British and US Open champion, survived being struck by lightning in the Western Open in Chicago, 1975 Click to show or hide the answer
1987: first golfer to win more than £1 million in a year Click to show or hide the answer
Canadian long drive champion, whose drive was declared the fastest ball in sport (in a Sports Science TV programme) 2009 – beating the fastest ever ball measured in jai alai (see Which Sport?) Click to show or hide the answer

Courses

Amen Corner (see below) and Rae's Creek (named after a former landowner) are features of Click to show or hide the answer
Course near Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire: venue for the US's first Ryder Cup defeat for 28 years (1985), and 3 of the next 4 European hostings Click to show or hide the answer
Irish club (in Co. Kildare) that hosted the 2006 Ryder Cup Click to show or hide the answer
Home since 1891 of the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers - whose members voted in 2017 to accept women members for the first time, ten months after the R&A announced that the course was no longer eligible to host the Open Championship Click to show or hide the answer
Old, New, Jubilee: courses at Click to show or hide the answer
Cartgate, Corner of the Dyke, The Road, Tom Norris; the Valley of Sin is a depression on the approach to the 18th green Click to show or hide the answer
Course near Jacksonville, Florida – venue since 1982 of the Players Tournament; famous for its signature 17th hole, known as the "Island Green" Click to show or hide the answer
Spanish course that hosted the 1997 Ryder Cup Click to show or hide the answer

Nickname of the 11th, 12th and 13th holes at Augusta Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer

The shortest hole on any championship course (125 yds) Name Click to show or hide the answer
It's the 18th hole at (course) Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2018