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Airlines

National Airlines

Wikipedia has a page entitled "Flag carrier", which it defines as "a transportation company, such as an airline or shipping company, that, being locally registered in a given state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations", [or] "any carrier that is or was owned by a government, [...] even long after their privatization."

Not every country has an airline that meets this definition. Many countries of course have more than one airline; but they only have one flag carrier.

For obvious reasons, most flag carriers include the name of the country (or, in some cases, its capital). For equally obvious reasons, this page concentrates on those that don't (although, as will be seen below, some of them are known by an acronym where one of the constituent words is the name of the country).

You can obviously ask these questions the other way round. For example, "Gulf Air is the national airline, or 'flag carrier', of which country?"

  Flag carrier   Other
Australia Click to show or hide the answer
Bahrain Click to show or hide the answer
Belgium Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Brazil Click to show or hide the answer
Chile Click to show or hide the answer
Columbia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Czech Republic Click to show or hide the answer
Denmark Click to show or hide the answer
Germany Click to show or hide the answer
Greece   Click to show or hide the answer
Hong Kong Click to show or hide the answer
Hungary Click to show or hide the answer
Indonesia Click to show or hide the answer
Ireland (Republic of) Click to show or hide the answer
Israel Click to show or hide the answer
Italy Click to show or hide the answer
Japan Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Latvia Click to show or hide the answer
Lebanon Click to show or hide the answer
Netherlands Click to show or hide the answer
Norway Click to show or hide the answer
Paraguay (1963-94) Click to show or hide the answer
Poland Click to show or hide the answer
Portugal Click to show or hide the answer
Romania Click to show or hide the answer
Russia (formerly the Soviet Union) Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Spain Click to show or hide the answer
Sweden Click to show or hide the answer
United Arab Emirates Click to show or hide the answer
Venezuela Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer

Other

Merged with KLM in 2004 Click to show or hide the answer
Britain's foremost independent, international airline – prior to its merger with British Airways in 1987 (formed in 1970 when Caledonian Airways took over British United Airways) Click to show or hide the answer
Budget airline launched by KLM in 1999 Click to show or hide the answer
Britain's first commercial airline Click to show or hide the answer
The world's oldest airline still operating under its original name (founded 1919) Click to show or hide the answer
Overtook British Airways in passenger numbers in 2001, causing the latter to drop its "The world's favourite airline" slogan; took over BMI in 2008 Click to show or hide the answer
Suffered two disasters in 2014, one flight disappearing over the Indian Ocean and another being shot down over Ukraine Click to show or hide the answer
British charter and scheduled low–cost airline, with headquarters at Luton; founded in 1967, it went into administration in 2017 at which time it was Britain's fifth biggest airline Click to show or hide the answer
Acquired in June 1927 by the unfortunately–named Juan Trippe, operating a mail and passenger service from Cuba to Key West, Florida (originally founded in March 1927 by three military pilots, but they had no aeroplanes and never operated); became the USA's unofficial overseas flag carrier (according to Wikipedia); declared bankrupt in 1991, its profitable assets were acquired by Delta Air Lines Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1925 as Western Air Express, to operate from New York to Los Angeles via St. Louis and Kansas City; owned by Howard Hughes from 1939 until the 1960s; filed for bankruptcy in 2001, and was acquired by American Airlines Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017