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Instruments

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Music: Instruments

See also Popular Music: Instruments (mainly for questions of the type "With which instrument is (or are) ... associated?")

Valves on a trumpet Click to show or hide the answer
Strings on a balalaika Click to show or hide the answer
Strings on a violin (or any other member of the violin family), or a ukulele Click to show or hide the answer
Strings on a banjo Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Finger holes on a penny whistle Click to show or hide the answer
Strings on a sitar Click to show or hide the answer
Strings on a mandolin Click to show or hide the answer
Strings on a harp Click to show or hide the answer
Keys on a piano (usually) Click to show or hide the answer
Note that an orchestra tunes to Click to show or hide the answer

The violin family, in ascending order of size:

Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer

Instruments in a string quartet:

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Instruments in the brass section of an orchestra:

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Orchestral instruments played using a reed (which sets up a vibrating column of air within the instrument) (includes flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons and saxophones) Click to show or hide the answer
Instruments where the sound is produced by rapid periodic interruptions of the air flow by a reed that vibrates in a frame (e.g. accordions, concertinas) Click to show or hide the answer
In a brass instrument, the sound is produced by vibrations of Click to show or hide the answer

Russian stringed instrument, with three strings and a characteristic triangular body Click to show or hide the answer
Sometimes known as the gran casa Click to show or hide the answer
Fagotti: Italian name for the Click to show or hide the answer
Irish frame drum – believed by some to have developed from a war drum Click to show or hide the answer
Violin: the part that supports the strings and transmits vibrations to the body Click to show or hide the answer
Raises the pitch of all strings simultaneously, on a fretted instrument Click to show or hide the answer
Bagpipes: the tune is played on the Click to show or hide the answer
Referred to by jazz musicians as a 'liquorice stick' Click to show or hide the answer
Alto member of the Oboe family; name means 'English horn' Click to show or hide the answer
Crash, splash, ride and hi–hat are types of Click to show or hide the answer
Traditional wind instrument of the Australian Aborigines, popularised in the world at large by Rolf Harris Click to show or hide the answer
Brand of guitar, first made in the USA in 1928; name formed from the names of the founders (Dopyera Brothers), but also means 'good' in their native Slovak Click to show or hide the answer
Largest instrument in the String section of an orchestra Click to show or hide the answer
Tenor horn or tenor tuba (four valves, tuba family) Click to show or hide the answer
Mouthpiece of end–blown flutes (e.g. recorder, tin whistle) Click to show or hide the answer
Ridges on the fingerboards of guitars, mandolins, banjos, dulcimers, etc. (to stop the string at a pre–defined point, and so play a note that's in tune) Click to show or hide the answer
Xylophone of Indonesia and Thailand, also the name of an orchestra Click to show or hide the answer
Tam–tam is a Western orchestral term for a type of Click to show or hide the answer
In the String section of an orchestra, but not played with a bow Click to show or hide the answer
Likened by Sir Thomas Beecham to "two skeletons copulating on a tin roof" Click to show or hide the answer
A pair of cymbals operated by a foot pedal (in a drum kit) Click to show or hide the answer
The organistrum – originating in 10th century Spain – was the precursor of the Click to show or hide the answer
Metal discs set into the rim of a tambourine Click to show or hide the answer
Gave its name to a kitchen gadget Click to show or hide the answer
Device used to produce a regular, metric beat (tick) Click to show or hide the answer
Demonstrated in 1967 at the Monterey International Pop Festival; saw its commercial breakthrough in 1968 with the album Switched-on Bach by Walter (later Wendy) Carlos Click to show or hide the answer
Pushed into the mouth of a brass instrument to reduce volume and change tone Click to show or hide the answer
Plays the A note that an orchestra tunes up to Click to show or hide the answer
The shawm was an early type of Click to show or hide the answer
Ancient wind instrument, refined in Italy in the 19th century; name derived from Italian meaning "little goose"; also known in the USA as the "sweet potato" Click to show or hide the answer
Flue (or reed), great, and swell (or pedal) are the main types of Click to show or hide the answer
Pear-shaped instrument with 11 or 12 strings, widely used across the Middle East and North Africa; similar to (and shares its early history with) the European lute Click to show or hide the answer
Once known as the syrinx Click to show or hide the answer
Tabla (Indian) Click to show or hide the answer
Invented around 1700 by Bartolomeo Cristofori, of Padua, Italy (Keeper of the Instruments for Ferdinando de' Medici, Grand Prince of Tuscany) Click to show or hide the answer
Known in German as the Hammerklavier
Hammers, dampers and strings are internal components of a
The smallest (orchestral) woodwind instrument, and the highest–pitched instrument in an orchestra – a half–size flute. Name is Italian for 'little', but it's known in Italy as the ottavino Click to show or hide the answer
English flute Click to show or hide the answer
Invented in 1840 by Belgian musician and instrument maker Adolphe Saxe Click to show or hide the answer
Member of the tuba family: named after a famous composer, at whose request it was developed from the helicon Click to show or hide the answer
Small harpsichord, pentagonal in shape, with a single manual. Name may come from Italian for a thorn (spina – a reference to the plectra) Click to show or hide the answer
Calliope (ca–LIE–o–pee) Click to show or hide the answer
Church bells Highest Click to show or hide the answer
Lowest Click to show or hide the answer
The sackbut was an early English version of the Click to show or hide the answer
Largest of the brass family; Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique was the first work to be scored for it. The serpent and ophicleide were its forerunners Click to show or hide the answer
Commonly associated with Hawaiian music – name means 'jumping flea' Click to show or hide the answer
Played by the leader of an orchestra (traditionally the last to take the stage); all players sit immediately to the conductor's left; can play the highest note; Edward Elgar's principal instrument (he also played organ) Click to show or hide the answer
Hardangerfele: traditional Norwegian version of the Click to show or hide the answer
Notorious plastic horn popular at football matches in South Africa, source of great controversy in the 2010 FIFA World Cup Click to show or hide the answer
Aeolian harp ("essentially a wooden box including a sounding board, with strings stretched across two bridges" – Wikipedia): played by Click to show or hide the answer
Name comes from the Greek for 'wood' and 'voice' Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017