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Modern Japanese martial art: probably originating in the 14th century, but systematised by Morihei Ueshiba (1883–1969) as a form of self–defence; variously translated as "the way of unifying (with) life energy", "the way of harmonising energy", or "the way of harmonious spirit" Click to show or hide the answer
Meaning of the Japanese term hara–kiri – from the traditional Samurai method of suicide Click to show or hide the answer
Informal name given in the USA to the day after Thanksgiving, seen as the start of the Christmas shopping season Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Spanish equivalent of April Fools' Day Click to show or hide the answer
Traditional Japanese code of conduct, loosely equivalent to the European concept of chivalry; particularly associated with Samurai warriors Click to show or hide the answer
Originally a celebration of the last feast before Lent at which meat could be eaten; according to folk etymology, its name comes from the Latin for 'farewell to meat'; now means, in English, any merrymaking or festival, as a program of entertainment; the most famous example is in Rio de Janeiro, beginning on the Friday before Palm Sunday and ending on Ash Wednesday; another in Venice is famous for its ornate, highly–crafted masks Click to show or hide the answer
Bastinado – a form of punishment widely used through the ages in China and the Middle East, including the Ottoman Empire – involves whipping the Click to show or hide the answer
Japanese term for a woman, trained in the arts, who works as a men's companion Click to show or hide the answer
Martial art, dating from the 16th century, from which judo evolved Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Traditional Japanese style of fencing with a two–handed wooden sword, derived from the fighting methods of the ancient samurai (warrior class); name means "way of the sword" Click to show or hide the answer
Chinese martial art, whose name can also mean careful preparation for any skilful endeavour without interference from the intellect or emotions; can be traced at least to the Zhou dynasty (1111–255 BC); practised by Daoists in the 5th century BC; movements are initiated from one of five basic foot positions: normal upright posture, and the four stances called dragon, frog, horse riding, and snake Click to show or hide the answer
Kalaripayattu – practised in the southern Indian state of Kerala – is said to be the oldest surviving style of Click to show or hide the answer
The world's biggest beer festival: held in Munich annually since 1810 Click to show or hide the answer
The two horsemen that jab the bull with lances, in the first of the three stages in a Spanish bullfight – their job is to weaken the bull ready for the matador (but not too much); literally means 'pricker' Click to show or hide the answer
French term for April Fool Click to show or hide the answer
Moslem custom of veiling women's faces Click to show or hide the answer
The fylfot – an ancient Eastern religious symbol of good luck – became better known in the twentieth century as the Click to show or hide the answer
Art of unarmed combat, developed and named by the South Korean army general Choi Hong–Hi (1918–2002); name means "the art of kicking and punching"; became an Olympic sport in 2000 Click to show or hide the answer
Cha dao is the traditional Chinese Click to show or hide the answer
Vietnamese celebration of the turn of the lunar year Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017