Monkey

Quiz Monkey
What do you want to know?

You are here:

General
The EU and the Eurozone (etc.)

On this page:

EU and Eurozone
Eurozone, Not EU
EU, Not Eurozone
Not EU, Not Eurozone
EFTA
EEA

If you like my website, and/or if you've found it useful, please consider making a small donation to my Just Giving page, which I've set up just for this purpose. To begin with I'm collecting for a charity whose work I have benefitted from myself (and continue to do so): the British Heart Foundation. It would be great to raise £100 in the first month.

If you have already donated ... Thank You!

The European Union and the Eurozone (etc.)

The main purpose of this page is to keep track of those countries that are in the EU and the Eurozone, and those that aren't ... and those (such as the United Kingdom, for the time being at least) that are in one but not the other.

But you can also use it to check the currencies of the countries that don't currently use the euro, and the former currencies of those that do.

At the bottom of this page we look at a couple of related organisations – hence the 'etc.' in the title!

EU and Eurozone

The Eurozone consists of those members of the EU that have adopted the Euro as their sole legal tender.

On  1 January 2015, Lithuania became the 19th member of the Eurozone.

Country Capital Joined EU Previous currencyJoined Eurozone
Austria Click to show or hide the answer 1995 Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Belgium Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Cyprus Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2008
Estonia Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2011
Finland Click to show or hide the answer 1995 Click to show or hide the answer 1999
France Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Germany Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Greece Click to show or hide the answer 1981 Click to show or hide the answer 2001
Ireland (Republic of) Click to show or hide the answer 1973 Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Italy Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Latvia Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2014
Lithuania Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2015
Luxembourg Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Malta Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2008
Netherlands Click to show or hide the answer 1952 Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Portugal Click to show or hide the answer 1986 Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Slovakia Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2009
Slovenia Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer 2007
Spain Click to show or hide the answer 1986 Click to show or hide the answer 1999

Non–EU countries that use the Euro

The following six countries are not members of the EU (and therefore cannot be members of the Eurozone) but have adopted the euro:

Country Capital Previous currency Joined Eurozone
Andorra Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Kosovo Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 2002
Monaco Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 2002
Montenegro Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 2002
San Marino Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 1999
Vatican City Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 1999

EU countries that don't use the Euro

The following nine countries are members of the EU but have not (yet) adopted the euro:

Country Capital Joined EU Currency Notes
Bulgaria Click to show or hide the answer 2007 Click to show or hide the answer no clear adoption plans (Jan 2016)
Croatia Click to show or hide the answer 2013 Click to show or hide the answer expected to adopt the euro around 2016
Czech Republic Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer plans to adopt the euro in 2010 were suspended indefinitely in 2005
Denmark Click to show or hide the answer 1973 Click to show or hide the answer has a formal opt–out
Hungary Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer unlikely to adopt the euro before "some time in the 2020s"
Poland Click to show or hide the answer 2004 Click to show or hide the answer unlikely to adopt the euro before 2019, if at all
Romania Click to show or hide the answer 2007 Click to show or hide the answer expected to adopt the euro around 2020
Sweden Click to show or hide the answer 1995 Click to show or hide the answer exploiting a loophole to avoid adopting the euro
United Kingdom Click to show or hide the answer 1973 Click to show or hide the answer negotiated an opt–out from adopting the euro

Other European countries

The following sixteen European countries are not members of the EU and have not (yet) adopted the euro:

Country Capital Currency
Albania Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Armenia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Azerbaijan Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Belarus Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Bosnia and Herzegovina Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
FYR Macedonia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Georgia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Iceland Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Liechtenstein Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Moldova Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Norway Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Russia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Serbia Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Switzerland Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Ukraine Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer

European Free Trade Area (EFTA)

The EFTA was established on 3 May 1960 as an alternative trade organisation for European states that were either unable or unwilling to join the European Economic Community (EEC – now the EU).

The UK was a founder member of EFTA, but left in 1973 on joining the EEC.

EFTA currently (pending the resolution of issues surrounding Brexit) has four members:

Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer

European Economic Area (EEA)

The EEA was established in 1994 and is open to countries that are members of either the EU or EFTA.

Number of EEA members Click to show or hide the answer
EFTA member that is not a member of EEA Click to show or hide the answer
The latest EU member – awaiting ratification of its application for EEA membership Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017