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Law

See also Age and the Law.

Smallest amount that a cheque can be written out for Click to show or hide the answer
Minimum number of people required to constitute a riot in US law Click to show or hide the answer
Minimum number of people required to constitute a riot, in England and Wales (according to the original Riot Act of 1714, and also under the Public Order Act 1986) Click to show or hide the answer
Number of judges that sit in the UK's Supreme Court Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Number of people on a Scottish jury Click to show or hide the answer
England & Wales: a death must be registered within Click to show or hide the answer
England & Wales: a birth must be registered within Click to show or hide the answer
A decree nisi becomes absolute after Click to show or hide the answer
Until the rule was abolished in 1996, an assault became murder if the victim died within Click to show or hide the answer
Maximum period for which a custodial sentence can be suspended (UK) Click to show or hide the answer
Minimum period of employment to qualify for statutory redundancy pay Click to show or hide the answer
A person can legally be declared dead after being missing for Click to show or hide the answer
In England, a minor can be made a ward of court up to age Click to show or hide the answer
Ages between which you are liable for jury service Click to show or hide the answer
The Ancient Lights law pertains after Click to show or hide the answer
UK patents are valid for Click to show or hide the answer
Copyright persists after an author's death for Click to show or hide the answer

Became a statutory offence in Britain 1861; legalised in the Soviet Union 1920, Iceland 1935 and Great Britain 1967 (in specific circumstances) Click to show or hide the answer
Common English expression meaning "a sudden and irresistible act of nature that could not reasonably have been foreseen" – a.k.a. vis major (Latin) or force majeure (French) Click to show or hide the answer
Scottish equivalent of a barrister Click to show or hide the answer
Written statement, sworn on oath Click to show or hide the answer
Relationship by marriage (cf. Consanguinity) Click to show or hide the answer
Prevents building of anything blocking someone else's windows Click to show or hide the answer
Legalisation of a document for international use (under the 1961 Hague Convention); originally a marginal note, or an explanatory note on other writings Click to show or hide the answer
1971: combined with Quarter Sessions and replaced by Crown Courts Click to show or hide the answer
The area of a bailiff's jurisdiction – survives in the administration of the Channel Islands, which are divided into those of Jersey and Guernsey (the latter including Sark, Alderney etc.) Click to show or hide the answer
Document describing goods carried on a merchant ship Click to show or hide the answer
Traditionally worn by British judges when pronouncing a death sentence (actually a square of silk) Click to show or hide the answer
Mortgage for buying a ship or boat Click to show or hide the answer
Term used for the rooms or offices from which a lawyer (barrister or judge) operates Click to show or hide the answer
Chapter of the US Bankruptcy Reform Act (1978) that allows debtors to remain in control of a failing business and try to save it Click to show or hide the answer
Canon law is concerned with matters of the Click to show or hide the answer
Supplement to a will Click to show or hide the answer
Introduced in the UK by the Criminal Justice Act 1972 Click to show or hide the answer
Relationship by descent from a common ancestor (cf. Affinity) Click to show or hide the answer
Transferring the legal title in a property from one person to another Click to show or hide the answer
Decides whether a find is treasure trove, and what should be done with it Click to show or hide the answer
A District Judge sits in a Click to show or hide the answer
Supreme civil court in Scotland Click to show or hide the answer
Questioning the other side's witness Click to show or hide the answer
Formed 1971 by combining Assizes and Quarter Sessions Click to show or hide the answer
Term used in Scottish law as the equivalent to manslaughter Click to show or hide the answer
Term used for a judge in the Isle of Man Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
In the Latin legal term absente reo, "reo" refers to Click to show or hide the answer
Gray's Inn: named after Click to show or hide the answer
Head of the Crown Prosecution Service Click to show or hide the answer
Names used in US courts for unknown persons (male and female) Click to show or hide the answer
Right to use someone else's land for e.g. access or drainage Click to show or hide the answer
Name given to an offence that can be tried in either a Magistrates' or a Crown Court Click to show or hide the answer
Right to take wood for burning at home from woodland and waste land Click to show or hide the answer
Difference between tax evasion and tax avoidance Click to show or hide the answer
Person responsible for seeing that the terms of a will are carried out Click to show or hide the answer
Legal principal known as the law of talion (Latin lex talionis – the law of retaliation) – as stated, in slightly different forms, in at least three places in the Bible (Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy) Click to show or hide the answer
Scottish equivalent of the Inns of Court (Bar) Click to show or hide the answer
Murder of one's brother (or, according to some, one's sister) Click to show or hide the answer
Causing someone to give up property or other legal right, by deceit Click to show or hide the answer
First priority for payment from the estate of a deceased person Click to show or hide the answer
Gallows–like structure from which the bodies of executed criminals were hung – often as ordered by a judge as part of the sentence Click to show or hide the answer
Residences owned by the sovereign, granted free of rent to certain people Click to show or hide the answer
The principle that no one can be imprisoned without charge or trial Click to show or hide the answer
Heir who will inherit as long as he survives the ancestor Click to show or hide the answer
Maritime area not under the sovereignty of any one state Click to show or hide the answer
Right to pursue a ship across international waters or a criminal into another country Click to show or hide the answer
Prosecution of a public official by the legislature of the state; charge of treason against a head of state Click to show or hide the answer
Inchoate (of a document – will, etc.) Click to show or hide the answer
Embracery Click to show or hide the answer
Describes someone who dies without making a will Click to show or hide the answer
Presiding judge in a Court Martial Click to show or hide the answer
Goods jettisoned at sea but attached to a buoy for recovery Click to show or hide the answer
Regulatory body for solicitors in England and Wales Click to show or hide the answer
An open letter issued by a head of state or a government, e.g. to grant a title to a person or city status to a town; also to grant a patent to an inventor Click to show or hide the answer
Term of office for which a Justice of the Peace (JP) is appointed Click to show or hide the answer
Chief law officer in Scotland (head of the Procurator Fiscal Service) Click to show or hide the answer
The highest–ranking law officer in England and Wales, prior to 2005 when the judicial functions of the office were removed; still a member of the Cabinet Click to show or hide the answer
Highest–ranking law officer in England and Wales, since 2005 (see above) Click to show or hide the answer
England & Wales's second most senior judge: President of the Civil Division of the Court of Appeal, Head of Civil Justice, and Keeper of the Records at the Public Records Office Click to show or hide the answer
Marriage between two unequal partners, on an understanding that issue have no claim to rank or property Click to show or hide the answer
Three possible verdicts in a Scottish court: guilty, not guilty, and Click to show or hide the answer
Central Criminal Court of the City of London: common name Click to show or hide the answer
Letters of Marque (16th/17th Centuries): permitted a ship's captain to commit Click to show or hide the answer
Person who brings a civil action Click to show or hide the answer
Female equivalent of bigamy Click to show or hide the answer
Official 'proving' of a will (proving that it is the last will and testament of the deceased, and granting authority to the executor to administer the estate) Click to show or hide the answer
Work done by a lawyer without payment, in the public interest (Latin phrase) Click to show or hide the answer
Scottish equivalent of a coroner Click to show or hide the answer
Scottish equivalent of the Crown Prosecution Service Click to show or hide the answer
Courts held four times a year in England & Wales (prior to 1971 – see Crown Courts) Click to show or hide the answer
Appointed by the Coastguard to deal with salvage of a shipwreck Click to show or hide the answer
The killing of a king (from the Latin) Click to show or hide the answer
Since time immemorial: before the reign of Click to show or hide the answer
A place of worship that comes under the direct jurisdiction of the monarch, rather than a diocese (preserved in the name of a famous English beer) Click to show or hide the answer
Law that prevents a woman from succeeding to a throne Click to show or hide the answer
Scottish equivalent of a County Court Click to show or hide the answer
Trading of church offices Click to show or hide the answer
Next in rank to the Attorney General Click to show or hide the answer
Writ obliging a person to appear before a court – now known in England & Wales as a witness summons Click to show or hide the answer
Laws made to enforce social hierarchies through restrictions on clothing, food and luxury expenditure Click to show or hide the answer
Replaced the House of Lords in 2009 as the ultimate court of appeal in the United Kingdom Click to show or hide the answer
USA: law prescribing 25 years for persistent offenders Click to show or hide the answer
Annuity scheme where the last surviving subscriber benefits Click to show or hide the answer
Civil wrong Click to show or hide the answer
Only crime still punishable by death in the UK Click to show or hide the answer
Right of way over land for carriage of minerals from a mine or quarry Click to show or hide the answer
Intra vires Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017–18