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General
Organisations

On this page:

Foundations
European Union
United Nations
Commonwealth
G6, G7, G8 ... etc.
People
Organisations: A-M
Organisations: N-Z

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Organisations

Some of these, strictly speaking, would be better described as institutions rather than organisations.

Foundations

Founded in 1090 by Hasan–I–Sabah; rewarded with hashish Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1660 by Charles II to promote scientific research Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1750 at the Star & Garter Coffee House, Pall Mall Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1755 by Sir Francis Dashwood Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1824 by Sir William Hilary Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1844 in London by George Williams Click to show or hide the answer
Formed in 1863 as a result of Jean–Henri Dunant's book Un souvenir de Solferino (1862) – describing the suffering of thousands of wounded soldiers of the Battle of Solferino in 1859 Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1865 by Nathan Bedford Forrest, in Tennessee Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1866 as the Kyklos Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1883 by Sir William Smith in Glasgow Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1888 in Washington DC: characteristic logo is a yellow rectangular frame Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1889 in Manchester, by ladies who pledged not to wear feathers in their hats Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1895 by Octavia Hill, Sir Robert Hunter and Canon H. D. Rawnsley Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1897 as Our Dumb Friends' League Click to show or hide the answer
Formed in 1905 to provide scouts to warn motorists of police patrols Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1905 in Chicago by Paul P. Harris: the first Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1907 by Robert Baden–Powell Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1910 by Agnes Baden–Powell, his younger sister, on his initiative Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1915 by Tubby Clayton, for British soldiers in Belgium Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1916 on the initiative of department store magnate (Lewis) Rodman Wanamaker Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Opened its first branch in Liverpool, 1917 Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1921 by Ernest Bevin Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1923 in Vienna (headquarters moved to Berlin 1942, St. Cloud, Paris 1945, Lyon 1989) Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1924 by Henry Amos and Ernest Bell Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1925 by Eglantine Jebb Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1926 by Eamon de Valera Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1928 by John Flynn (Australian non–profit organisation) Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1935 by William Wilson ('Bill W') and 'Dr. Bob' Smith of Ohio Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1942 by Canon Richard Milford (and others) Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1946 by Peter Scott (as the Severn Wildfowl Trust); headquarters (then and now) at Slimbridge, Gloucestershire Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1953 by Anglican priest Chad Varah Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1958 by Alec Dunn (died 1994) Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1961 by lawyer Peter Benenson Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1963 in Addis Ababa Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1969, in California, by David Brower (died 2000) Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1971 by the Rev. Ian Paisley (political party) Click to show or hide the answer
One of its principal founders (Canada, 1971) was Patrick Moore - but not the famous British astronomer and broadcaster Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1995 as the successor to GATT; headquarters in Geneva Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the Modern Hospice movement Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in by Maria Dicken Click to show or hide the answer

European Union (and its forerunners)

Treaties

Signed Effective Measures Name
Mar 1957 Jan 1958 Established the European Economic Community Click to show or hide the answer
Feb 1992 Nov 1991 Created the European Union and the euro Click to show or hide the answer
Oct 1997 May 1999 Amended the previous treaty, devolving powers from national governments to the European Parliament in several areas Click to show or hide the answer
Feb 2001 Feb 2003 Designed to facilitate the entry of Eastern European countries Click to show or hide the answer
Dec 2007 Dec 2009 Includes the famous Article 50, setting out the process for withdrawal from the Union Click to show or hide the answer

Members

The six founder members of both the European Coal and Steel Community (1952) and the European Economic Community (1957) were, in alphabetical order:

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Left in 1962 (on gaining independence from France) Click to show or hide the answer
Joined in 1973 (making 9 members) Click to show or hide the answer
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Voted by referendum not to join, 1973 Click to show or hide the answer
Joined in 1981 (10th member) Click to show or hide the answer
Left in 1985 (6 years after independence from Denmark) Click to show or hide the answer
Joined in 1986 (11th and 12th members) Click to show or hide the answer
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Joined in 1995 (making 15 members) Click to show or hide the answer
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The following ten countries joined in 2004, bringing the number of members up to 25:

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Joined in 2007 (26th and 27th members) Click to show or hide the answer
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Joined in 2013 (28th member) Click to show or hide the answer

United Nations

UN Secretaries General

Years Name Nationality Died
1946–53 Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 1968
1953–61 Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 1961
1962–71 Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 1974
1972–81 Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 2007
1982–91 Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer  
1992–97 Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer 2016
1997–2006 Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer  
2007–17 Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer  
2017– Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer  

UN Security Council

Permanent members Click to show or hide the answer
Non–permanent members Click to show or hide the answer
Total Click to show or hide the answer

The five permanent members of the UN Security Council are:

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UN organisation with one representative from each member state Click to show or hide the answer

The Commonwealth

The Commonwealth of Nations was formally established in 1931 by the Statute of Westminster, which established the independence of the self–governing Dominions of the British Empire: Canada, Australia, Pakistan, India, Malta, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State. The last of these chose not to apply to join the Commonwealth.

Other British colonies became eligible to apply for membership following independence. Burma, and several states in the Middle East and North Africa, chose not to apply.

Two countries have joined the Commonwealth despite never having had any constitutional link to Britain or any other member:

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For more details, see below.

Number of countries in the Commonwealth Click to show or hide the answer
Joined in 1995, 35 years after independence Click to show or hide the answer
Joined in 1961 following independence in 1960 Click to show or hide the answer
Membership lapsed in 1987 after a military coup imposed a constitution contrary to Commonwealth principles; returned in 1997, after starting constitutional reform; suspended again in 2009 Click to show or hide the answer
Withdrew in 2013 Click to show or hide the answer
Joined in 1982, 17 years after independence Click to show or hide the answer
Joined in 1995, 20 years after independence from Portugal Click to show or hide the answer
First country to be suspended (1995); suspension lifted 1999 Click to show or hide the answer
Left in 1972, when other member countries recognised Bangladesh; returned after the democratic elections of 1989; suspended following the overthrow of the democratically elected government in October 1999; readmitted in 2004, but suspended again in 2007 "pending the restoration of democracy and the rule of law"; readmitted in 2008 Click to show or hide the answer
Joined in 2009, 47 years after independence from Belgium Click to show or hide the answer
Joined in 1970, 8 years after independence Click to show or hide the answer
Withdrew in 1961 when it became clear that its reapplication for membership on becoming a republic would be rejected; readmitted in 1994 after democratic elections took place Click to show or hide the answer
Suspended in 2002 following a controversial presidential election; withdrew in 2003 Click to show or hide the answer

G6, G7, G8 ... etc.

The Group of Six (G6) was formed in 1975 as an unofficial forum, bringing together the heads of the world's six richest industrialized countries. The first G6 summit was held (in 1975) at the Château de Rambouillet, on the outskirts of Paris.

Two countries joined the G6 in later years, turning it into the G7 and then the G8. The eighth member was suspended in 2014 over its role in the Crimea crisis, since when the organisation has been once again known as the G7.

When the G6 was originally formed, there was already a rather less–known group, which was called the G10. This has its origins in an agreement made in 1962, under which ten members of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) set up something called the General Agreement to Borrow, or GAB, whose purpose was to make more funds available to the IMF. The G10 included the seven countries that would later make up the G7, plus three others. They were later joined by two more countries, making it the G12. Finally, in 1984, they were joined by a 13th country – but, just to confuse us even more, they kept the name G12.

G10 (1962) G6 (1975) G7 (1976) G12 (?) G12 (1984) G8 (1998)
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People

Appointed as the youngest ever Chief Scout, in 2009, aged 35 Click to show or hide the answer
First President of CND Click to show or hide the answer

Organisations A-M

Learned body on matters relating to the French language, established by Cardinal Richelieu in 1635 Click to show or hide the answer
First property acquired by the National Trust (1896) was in Click to show or hide the answer
A burning candle surrounded by barbed wire is the symbol of Click to show or hide the answer
The Blue Cross is a British charity, founded in 1897 to promote Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1989 by Iraq, Jordan, North Yemen and Egypt Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in Cairo, 1945, to co–ordinate economic, cultural, social and health affairs in Arab countries Click to show or hide the answer
Dignitas (Switzerland) and EXIT (based in Australia but with branches in other countries including Switzerland) exist to promote Click to show or hide the answer
Saddam Hussein's political party Click to show or hide the answer
1922 Committee Click to show or hide the answer
Scout movement: boys and girls aged 6 to 8 – introduced in the 1960s and 70s, but not officially recognised until the 80s Click to show or hide the answer
Queen's Badge: highest award in the Click to show or hide the answer
States its mission as "To enrich people's lives with programmes and services that inform, educate and entertain" Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1921: Earl (Douglas) Haig was its first president Click to show or hide the answer
Formerly known as Brown Owl Click to show or hide the answer
First met in November 1957, following an article in New Statesman by J. B. Priestley criticising Aneurin Bevan's U–turn on nuclear disarmament. First Chairman was Canon John Collins, President was Bertrand Russell; executive committee included Priestley, Michael Foot, journalist James Cameron, and nuclear physicist Joseph Rotblat. RC priest Bruce Kent was Chair 1977–9 and 1987–90, General Secretary 1979–85 Click to show or hide the answer
Formed 1971 to oppose the growing mass production of beer and the homogenisation of the British brewing industry; now said to be the UK's largest single–issue consumer group; based in St. Albans, Hertfordshire Click to show or hide the answer
En route is the magazine of the Click to show or hide the answer
The brewing industry's initiative, Founded in 1997, to halt the decline in real ale sales Click to show or hide the answer
Informal association of people whose lives have been saved by a parachute Click to show or hide the answer
Branch of a printing or journalists' union Click to show or hide the answer
Charity founded in 1986 by TV presenter Esther Rantzen (as a result of a campaign run on her programme That's Life!); became part of the NSPCC, 2006 Click to show or hide the answer
Pudsey Bear: mascot of Click to show or hide the answer
Set up in 1939 to help people affected by the war (World War II) with evacuation, bomb damage, rationing etc.; now run by a network of independent charities throughout the United Kingdom Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
UK air traffic control: jointly governed by Click to show or hide the answer
Headquarters are at Langley, Virginia Click to show or hide the answer
Principal fore–runner of the EEC: European Click to show or hide the answer
Fund–raising organisation for the Nixon administration, responsible for the Watergate break–in (the acronym CREEP was not officially used) Click to show or hide the answer
Represented in parliament, 1945–50, by Philip Piratin and William Gallagher Click to show or hide the answer
London headquarters of the TUC (Great Russell Street) Click to show or hide the answer
Ruled India for its first 30 years of independence Click to show or hide the answer
STOPP is opposed to Click to show or hide the answer
Formerly known as the British Field Sports Society Click to show or hide the answer
Name for ISIL, coined by Syrian activists opposing it, and taken up by Western leaders (who encouraged the Western media to use it): formed by translating the name that in English forms the acronym ISIL, into Arabic, and forming an acronym (in Roman letters) from that Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Women who can prove descent from someone who helped to achieve US independence Click to show or hide the answer
US political party: headquarters are Tammany Hall, New York, symbolised by a donkey Click to show or hide the answer
Name shared by a Swiss organisation involved in assisted suicides and an international organisation dedicated to preventing and treating AIDS Click to show or hide the answer
Medillin Cartel Click to show or hide the answer
Formed 1973 in Coventry; changed its name to the Green Party, 1980s Click to show or hide the answer
British actors' union Click to show or hide the answer
Boy Scouts aged 14 to 18 – replaced Venture Scouts 2003 Click to show or hide the answer
Association of Socialists, founded in 1884 – named after a Roman general who advocated tactics of harassment and attrition rather than full–on battle; members included George Bernard Shaw, H. G. Wells and Virginia Woolf Click to show or hide the answer
Spanish political movement founded in 1933 by José Antonio Primo de Rivera (son of a former prime minister) – the name is a reference to a military formation used in ancient Greece; co–opted by Franco during the Civil War Click to show or hide the answer
Bundle of rods tied together with an axe in the middle: symbol of Click to show or hide the answer
In 2014, following ongoing corruption scandals, Sony and Emirates Airlines withdrew their sponsorship of Click to show or hide the answer
EFDSS (HQ at Cecil Sharp House, London): concerned with English Click to show or hide the answer
Formed at the Freemasons' Tavern, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, 1863 Click to show or hide the answer
Britain's largest landowner (over 2.5 million acres – about four times as much as the National Trust) – a "non–ministerial government department" Click to show or hide the answer
Claims to trace its origin to the building of Solomon's Temple; members required to profess a belief in the Great Architect of the Universe; logo is the "Square and Compass" Click to show or hide the answer
Forerunner to Hitler's German Nazi party (Hitler, then an army corporal, joined September 1919; name changed February 1920) Click to show or hide the answer
Supplies Bibles to be placed in hotel rooms worldwide Click to show or hide the answer
The UK's principal charity for single parent families – founded around 1970 by Tessa Fothergill, merged with the National Council for One Parent Families in 2007, relaunched as Gingerbread in 2009 Click to show or hide the answer
British showbiz charity for the benefit of showbiz people, founded in 1889 by comedian Joe Elvin; chairman is called King Rat (cf. Variety) Click to show or hide the answer
Copyright of Peter Pan was donated by J. M. Barrie in 1925 to Click to show or hide the answer
G–7, G–20. etc.: G stands for Click to show or hide the answer
Mediaeval association of Baltic and North Sea trading cities Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name for a number of supposed exclusive clubs for high society rakes in Britain and Ireland, 18th century – the first founded in London by Philip, Duke of Wharton in 1719, the most infamous by Sir Francis Dashwood c. 1749; motto "Fais ce que tu voudras" (Do what thou wilt) Click to show or hide the answer
Israeli right–wing party, founded in 1948 by Menachim Begin; merged with Likud (his new party) in 1988 Click to show or hide the answer
Police, immigration, prisons: administered by the Click to show or hide the answer
The full name of the Royal Society is The Royal Society for Click to show or hide the answer
Established by the Rome Statute of 1998; opened in 2002, in The Hague Click to show or hide the answer
Charity founded in 1996 by Camila Batmanghelidjh to support deprived inner city children; largely funded by government grants, it was wound up in 2015 Click to show or hide the answer
Official mark of approval of the British Standards Institution – registered as a trademark in 1903 Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in the USA by veterans of the Confederate army, 1866; re–established 1915 following the success of D. W. Griffith's film Birth of a Nation; led by a Grand Wizard in the first incarnation, Imperial Wizard in the second; name is derived from the Greek word for 'circle' (kyklos) – first used by Plato to symbolise the political cycle of governments Click to show or hide the answer
Founding and ruling party of the Republic of China (Taiwan): founded in 1894 by Sun Yat–sen Click to show or hide the answer
US President Woodrow Wilson and UK Under–Foreign Secretary Robert Cecil, assisted by South African defence minister Jan Smuts (also a member of the British War Cabinet) were the principal architects of the Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1934 (as the National Council for Civil Liberties, which remains its official name); Shami Chakrabarti became its Director in 2003 Click to show or hide the answer
Israeli centre–right party: founded in 1973 by Menachim Begin, who became its first prime minister; Ariel Sharon left in 2005 to form Kadima; name means Consolidation Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1777, voted to admit women members 1998 Click to show or hide the answer
Name is Latin for 'table' Click to show or hide the answer
Sir John Sawers, in 2010, gave what he described as the first public address by the head of Click to show or hide the answer
Replaced the Milk Marketing Board in 1994 Click to show or hide the answer
General Strike, 1926: called in support of Click to show or hide the answer
The Meteorological Office is administered by the Click to show or hide the answer
Right–wing Tory pressure group, founded in the early 1960s in the belief that the Macmillan government had taken the party too far to the left, and with the aim "to evolve a dynamic application of traditional Tory principles"; dubbed by Harold Wilson, "guardian of the Tory conscience" Click to show or hide the answer
Formed 1988 by the merger of ASTMS and TASS Click to show or hide the answer

Organisations N–Z

Logo depicts oak leaves Click to show or hide the answer
The Treaty of Brussels, signed on Saint Patrick's Day (17th March) 1948, was an early step towards the foundation of Click to show or hide the answer
Children's club founded in 1935 around a show on Radio Luxembourg, and named after its sponsor Click to show or hide the answer
Benefited from the sale of the Duchess of Windsor's jewellery Click to show or hide the answer
US honorary society for distinguished scholars – name derived from the initial letters of the Greek for "Philosophy is the guide to life" Click to show or hide the answer
Set up in honour of Benjamin Disraeli, to promote Conservative principles in Britain – named after his favourite flower Click to show or hide the answer
President of Save the Children, since 1970 Click to show or hide the answer
In the Scout (Guiding) movement, girls aged 5 to 7 are known as Click to show or hide the answer
Moslem equivalent of the Red Cross Click to show or hide the answer
Musicians' collective, formed 1985 by Billy Bragg and Paul Weller, to support the Labour Party Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1997 by Sir James Goldsmith; failed to win any seats in the General Election (but did briefly hold one seat – see George Gardiner in Members of Parliament); ceased to exist soon after his death in July 1997 Click to show or hide the answer
Formerly the Marriage Guidance Council Click to show or hide the answer
US political party symbolised by an elephant Click to show or hide the answer
Political party founded in London in 2005 – George Galloway is one of its most prominent members and its first MP – a.k.a. The Unity Coalition Click to show or hide the answer
Formed 1990 by the merger of NUR and NUS Click to show or hide the answer
Early 17th century philosophers who claimed occult powers (name derived from the Latin for 'rosy cross' Click to show or hide the answer
Headquarters in Sandy, Beds; TV presenter Kate Humble was appointed as its President in 2009 Click to show or hide the answer
Bought the Old Man of Hoy in 1983
Previous name of Blind Veterans UK – the charity that supports vision–impaired ex–Armed Forces and National Service personnel in the UK Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Befrienders Worldwide is the international network associated with (UK–based organisation) Click to show or hide the answer
Formed in 1951 as the National Spastics Society; changed to its current name in 1994 Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1907 by Robert (later Baron) Baden–Powell Click to show or hide the answer
Sean Connery's campaign to ban private ownership of firearms, following the 1996 Dunblane tragedy Click to show or hide the answer
Formed 1981 following the Limehouse Declaration Click to show or hide the answer
Formed by Arthur Scargill; first stood in Hemsley by–election, 1996 Click to show or hide the answer
Provides certification for organic farms and produce in the UK Click to show or hide the answer
Trade union that emerged in 1980 at the Gdańsk Shipyard, Poland, led by Lech Wałęsa: the first trade union in a Warsaw Pact country that was not controlled by the Communist Party Click to show or hide the answer
Laurel & Hardy appreciation society Click to show or hide the answer
Ceremonial guard of the Vatican City Click to show or hide the answer
Formed in 2004 as an alliance, founded as a party in 2012: took power in Greece in 2015 under Alexis Tsipras; name is an abbreviation of the Greek for 'Coalition of the Radical Left', and also an adverb meaning 'from the roots' or 'radically' Click to show or hide the answer
Strict Muslim movement that ruled Afghanistan between 1996 and 2001 – name means 'students' Click to show or hide the answer
IBT, the largest trade union in the USA – represents transport workers – originally founded in 1903: International Brotherhood of Click to show or hide the answer
UK and Europe's largest HIV and AIDS charity: founded in 1983, named after the Hansard reporter who was one of the first people to die of AIDS in the UK Click to show or hide the answer
Formed 1915 by 'Tubby' Clayton, to fight loneliness and hate and encourage Christian comradeship; named after its headquarters (Talbot House) Click to show or hide the answer
Haitian militia controlled by Francois 'Papa Doc' Duvalier (created 1959 – named after a traditional bogeyman, 'Uncle Gunnysack' in English) Click to show or hide the answer
First Division Association Click to show or hide the answer
Association of left–wing Labour MPs: took its name from the newspaper that it was formed to support, in 1964 (whose editors included Aneurin Bevan 1941–5 and Michael Foot 1955–60) Click to show or hide the answer
Responsible for lighthouses in Britain Click to show or hide the answer
Britain's largest trade union – formed 1993 by the merger of NALGO, NUPE and COHSE Click to show or hide the answer
Symbol is a globe flanked by two olive branches Click to show or hide the answer
Formed 2007 by the merger of Amicus and the TGWU Click to show or hide the answer
Children's charity – open to all volunteers but with strong links to showbiz and sport; founded in the USA in 1927, now has 55 "tents" around the world; chairman is known as Chief Barker (cf. Grand Order of Water Rats) Click to show or hide the answer
Scouts aged 15½ to 20, 1967–2003 – term still used in various other countries Click to show or hide the answer
Political party formed 2005 by Robert Kilroy–Silk Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1897 following a meeting of the Farmer's Institute in Stoney Creek, Ontario, Canada: the speaker, Mrs. Amanda Hoodless, President of the Hamilton YWCA, suggested forming a group to broaden knowledge of domestic science and agriculture, as well as to socialise. The British movement was founded (independently) in Llanfairpwll (Llanfair PG), Anglesey, in 1915 – by which time there were hundreds of branches in Canada Click to show or hide the answer
Formerly known as the World Wildlife Fund; symbol is a giant panda Click to show or hide the answer
Japanese equivalent of the Mafia Click to show or hide the answer
Symbol of the Liberal democrats Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in the reign of Henry VII for the protection of the Royal Person Click to show or hide the answer
Robert Mugabe's party (Zimbabwe) Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017