Monkey

Quiz Monkey
What do you want to know?

You are here:

Geography
Countries

On this page:

Prelude
Other

If you like my website, and/or if you've found it useful, please consider making a small donation to my Just Giving page, which I've set up just for this purpose. To begin with I'm collecting for a charity whose work I have benefitted from myself (and continue to do so): the British Heart Foundation. It would be great to raise £100 in the first month.

If you have already donated ... Thank You!

Countries

Prelude

In general, I'm not a big fan of questions about which countries (or states, etc.) share borders. For example: "Which country has land borders with Cameroon, Niger, Libya, Egypt, Sudan and the Central African Republic?" (Answer: Chad.) Even worse, IMHO, is the type that asks things like: "If you sailed due east from New York, what would be the first European country in which you made landfall?" (Answer: Portugal – about 25 miles from its northern border with Spain.)

But such questions are quite popular with setters, so it's as well to be as well–prepared as possible. Here's a map (which I stole from geology.com) that should help (but note that it doesn't show East Timor or South Sudan):

World Map

Click on the map for a larger version (in a new tab).

Here are a couple of specific lists that are worth remembering.

Africa

Firstly, the African countries with a Mediterranean coast (from west to east):

Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer

As anyone with any sort of grasp of Middle Eastern politics should be aware, Egypt's eastern border is with Israel. Note also that Morocco has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean, as well as one on the Mediterranean.

Central America

And secondly, the countries of Central America (from south–east to north–west). We'll start with the ones that have both a Pacific and a Caribbean coast:

Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer

There are two countries however that only have coastlines on one or the other (Pacific or Caribbean). We can include them, with a hint of caution:

Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer

Note that in the above table, each country has borders with the countries that come both before and after it.

I have a mnemonic (which I made up myself) to help me remember the Central American countries. For the five countries with Pacific and Caribbean coastlines, it is: Peter Cushing Naturally Hates Garlic.

To include the two that only have coasts on one side, I extend this to: Peter Cushing Naturally Hates Eating Garlic Bread.

The first list (and its mnemonic) takes us right through the isthmus, from Colombia to Mexico. (It's well worth remembering, by the way, that the South American country that borders Central America is Colombia.) If we want to place El Salvador and Belize precisely, we need to remember that El Salvador is on the Pacific side and Belize is on the Caribbean side. We should also remember that Belize does have a border with Mexico.

This could all be a bit mind–blowing, and it's not really clear on the world map above. So here's one (stolen from Wikitravel) that should help; and it even marks the capital cities.

Central America Map

If you want to test yourself: I found this quiz quite clever. It also includes the larger Caribbean countries.

(This is one of over two hundred quizzes on Lizard Point – intended for school students, but great for quizzers also. It's my new favourite website!)

Other

The first country, alphabetically Click to show or hide the answer
"Land of the Eagles" (symbol is a black double–headed eagle on a red background) Click to show or hide the answer
Proclaimed itself the world's first Atheist state, in 1967
The closest country to Corfu (closer than the Greek mainland)
Africa's largest country (by area) – following the independence of South Sudan in 2011 Click to show or hide the answer
Independent Pyrenean state between France and Spain Click to show or hide the answer
Fourteen British mercenaries were executed by firing squad, in 1976, in Click to show or hide the answer
Second–largest country in South America by area, and third by population (Brazil is largest by both measures; Colombia is second by population) Click to show or hide the answer
The world's largest Spanish–speaking country, by area (eighth largest overall)
Cordoba is the second largest city in
Name comes from the Latin for silver
Lake Eyre (15m below sea level) is the lowest point in; the Lake Eyre Basin (one of the world's largest drainage basins) covers one sixth of Click to show or hide the answer
Lake Amadeus, Lake Disappointment, Lake Torrens
The Great Victoria Desert (the world's sixth largest), the Great Sandy Desert, and the Simpson Desert
The world's largest supplier of opal
The wattle blossom is the national flower of
Budgerigars are native to
Laid claim to almost half of Antarctica in 1933
Arnhem Land (reserve); Murchison River; Kakadu National Park
The world's longest fence (the Dingo Fence – 5614 km, 3488 miles)
Guy Fawkes River National Park (the river named after the discoverers camped there on 5 November 1821)
Kakadu National Park (a UNESCO World Heritage Site – renowned for the richness of its Aboriginal cultural sites)
First country to mandate plain packaging for tobacco products (2012)
Burgenland, Carinthia, Styria and Vorarlberg are four of the nine states (Bundeslander – the others are named after cities, or the country itself) of Click to show or hide the answer
Nagorno Karabakh is a de facto autonomous republic within; Nakhchivan is an exclave (separated by Armenia) of Click to show or hide the answer
Commonwealth country: consists of over 700 coral islands, about 20 of which are inhabited, the largest being Andros Click to show or hide the answer
Island nation in the Persian Gulf Click to show or hide the answer
Produces 70% of the world's jute Click to show or hide the answer
Chittagong is a large seaport in
Cox's Bazar Beach – named after the town of Cox's Bazar, and said to be the world's longest unbroken sea beach – is the top tourist destination in
Corresponds roughly to a region known historically as White Russia – which is an approximate translation of its official name Click to show or hide the answer
Seceded from the Netherlands, 1830 Click to show or hide the answer
First country to legalise euthanasia for terminal patients of any age (2014)
Flanders, Wallonia and the Capital Region (whose full title includes the name of the capital) are the three regions (the first two being divided into provinces) of
Hainaut, Namur and Limburg are three of the ten provinces of Click for more information
The battles of Waterloo, Ramillies, Quatre Bras and Mons were fought in
Antwerp, Bruges (Brugge), Liege, Mons, Ostend and Zeebrugge are major towns or cities in
A Walloon is (usually) a French–speaking native of
The only country in Central America without a Pacific coastline Click to show or hide the answer
Britain's oldest colony; voted against independence in 1995 Click to show or hide the answer
Known to its inhabitants as Druk Yul (Land of the Thunder Dragon) Click to show or hide the answer
Bordered by China (Tibet) and India (as is Nepal)
The last country in the world to get both television and the Internet
Sucre is the constitutional capital, and Santa Cruz (de la Sierra) is the largest city, of Click to show or hide the answer
Lost its coastline to Chile in 1879
The Kalahari Desert covers up to 70% (depending on the season) of Click to show or hide the answer
The largest country in South America, the largest country in the world that's crossed by the Equator, and the only one that's crossed by the Equator and either of the Tropics Click to show or hide t5he answer
The world's largest Roman Catholic population
Xingu National Park; Cape Branco (easternmost point of S. America)
The port of Niterói is the chief shipbuilding centre of
Petrópolis was named after Pedro II, the second emperor of, was the summer residence of the emperors of (in the 19th century), is known as the Imperial City of, and is now a popular winter resort in
Mato Grosso (pronounced matu grossu, meaning 'thick bushes') is one of the 26 states of
The only independent state wholly on the island of Borneo Click to show or hide the answer
Plovdiv is the second largest city in; Varna (known from 1949 to 1956 as Stalin) and Bourgas (Black Sea ports and holiday resorts) are the third and fourth largest Click to show or hide the answer
Angkor Wat – the world's largest temple complex Click to show or hide the answer
Has over two million lakes (claims to have about half of the world's lakes); produces more hydroelectric power than any other country Click to show or hide the answer
The only Commonwealth country with Pacific and Atlantic coastlines
The maple leaf has been a national symbol for over 200 years
Magnetic North is in
Longest coastline
Known as the Breadbasket of the World
District of Mackenzie, Mackenzie River, Mackenzie Mountains
Banff, Fundy and Jasper National Parks
Joined the G6 in 1976 (one year after its foundation) to form the G7
Greenand's nearest neighbour
Cirque du Soleil (circus entertainment company) was founded in
Wood Buffalo National Park – the world's second largest, after Northeast Greenland
Atlantic archipelago, 300 miles off Senegal: Republic of Click to show or hide the answer
Africa's largest landlocked country, and the world's third largest (after Kazakhstan and Mongolia) Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Valpariso, Cape Horn, Atacama Desert Click to show or hide the answer
Includes the closest landfall to Antarctica
Paranal Observatory, home of the imaginatively–named Very Large Telescope
Produces one third of the world's copper
Suffered an earthquake in May 1960 that measured 9.5 on the Richter scale – the strongest since seismographic recording began
Produces most cotton, wheat and tobacco Click to show or hide the answer
Has the world's largest army
Has borders with more countries than any other (14) Click for more information
The point on the Earth's surface that is farthest from the sea is in
Gunpowder, rockets, fireworks, paper money, and the canal lock were all invented in
Indian ink comes from
Third country to put a man in space (2003)
The largest country in the world that has a single time zone (since 1949, for political reasons)
The giant panda is native to
Second largest country in South America, after Brazil, by population (fourth by area, after Brazil, Argentina and Peru) Click to show or hide the answer
The only South American country with a Pacific and an Atlantic coast
Bobby Moore was arrested in 1970 (in the run–up to the FIFA World Cup in Mexico) for allegedly stealing a bracelet, in
Until 1903, Panama was a province of
Island nation at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel Click to show or hide the answer
Goma (devastated by volcanic lava flow, 2002) Click to show or hide the answer
Africa's second largest country, by area, after Algeria Click to show or hide the answer
Katanga (now split into four separate provinces) was, between 1966 and 2015, a province of Click for more information
Banana is a small seaport on the short coastline of
Became the first country in the world to constitutionally abolish its army, 1949 (originally in December 1948 by President Jose Ferrer, following his victory in a civil war) Click to show or hide the answer
Known in its own language as Hrvatska; top–level internet domain name ".hr" Click to show or hide the answer
Coat of arms (represented on the national flag) is a red–and–white chequerboard shield (with five smaller shields, representing its five different historical regions); the origin of the chequerboard shield is obscure, but it is reflected in the shirts worn by the national football team
Dalmatia is a coastal region of
Cres, Krk and Brač are the largest islands of; Korčula, Vis, Pag and Rab are other islands (and popular holiday destinations) in
Viñales Valley – a popular tourist destination, particularly for hiking and rock climbing Click to show or hide the answer
Ended a 50–year rift with the USA in 2014
Limassol, Larnaca, Paphos, Famagusta and Kyrenia are major cities of Click to show or hide the answer
Halloumi cheese comes from
The bren gun originated in Click to show or hide the answer
Consists of the historic regions of Bohemia and Moravia, plus parts of Silesia and Lower Austria Click to show or hide the answer
Plzeň (Pilsen) – the city that gives its name to Pilsner beer
Consists of most of the Jutland peninsula and several islands; capital stands on the island of Zealand Click to show or hide the answer
Odense, Aarhus and Aalborg are cities in
Bornholm, Roskilde and Viborg are counties of
Roskilde is now the 10th largest city in, but is its former capital and 39 of its former kings are buried there
Joined the Common Market along with UK and Ireland in 1973; voted against the Maastricht Agreement in 1992, but in favour in 1993
The headquarters of the Lego Group are in
The Order of the Elephant (of ancient origin, formally instituted in 1693) is the highest honour in
The only African country whose capital city has the same name as the country Click to show or hide the answer
Puerto Plata is the principal tourist airport of Click to show or hide the answer
Michael Jackson and Lisa–Marie Presley married, in 1994, in
The top–level internet domain name '.dd' was assigned to (but never used) Click to show or hide the answer
Name means "East East" Click to show or hide the answer
Named after a line of latitude Click to show or hide the answer
Guayaquil is the most populous city in
Toquilla straw hats, or Panama hats, were originally made, and still are made, in (they're then shipped overseas from Panama; the art of weaving them is recognised by UNESCO as part of this country's cultural heritage)
Bordered by Libya, Sudan and the Gaza Strip Click to show or hide the answer
Capital city is on the island of Bioko, and was known until 1973 as Santa Isabel Click to show or hide the answer
The only sovereign African state where Spanish is an official language Click for more information
Santa Ana is the second largest city, and a major coffee producing centre, in Click to show or hide the answer
The only country in Central America without an Atlantic coastline
El Alamein; Valley of the Kings; Sinai peninsula; Alexandria is the major port of Click to show or hide the answer
The Blue Nile rises in Click to show or hide the answer
Viti Levu is the largest, and Vanua Levu the second largest, island of; allowed its Commonwealth membership to lapse following the military coups of 1987 led by Col. Sitiveni Rabuka Click to show or hide the answer
Claims to have over 60,000 lakes; about 10% of its surface area is lakes Click to show or hide the answer
Known in its native language as Suomi
Espoo and Vartaa are the second and third largest cities in
Communications company Nokia is based in
The smallest country, by population, to have hosted the summer Olympics (2010 estimate 5,375,000)
First to have number plates on cars; first to introduce driving tests Click to show or hide the answer
Has produced more Nobel Literature laureates than any other country (15)
Strasbourg and Chamonix (winter sports resort and climbing centre) are in
Y is a village in Click for more information
Smallest country on the African mainland, by area Click to show or hide the answer
Consists of a strip of land, about ten miles wide and 300 miles long, on both banks of the river of the same name
Surrounded on three sides by Senegal, and on the fourth by the sea
European country that has borders with nine countries (more than any other) Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
The only country that Denmark shares a border with
Neanderthal is a valley in
Black Forest
The first African nation to win independence from Britain (1957) Click to show or hide the answer
Ashanti, a former native kingdom suppressed by the British in 1900 after four wars, is part of
After World War I, British Togoland became part of (the French protectorate became Togo)
The Black Volta and White Volta rivers (both of which rise in Burkina Faso) meet to form the Volta River and Lake Volta, in
Europa Point Click to show or hide the answer
Known in its own language (and on its stamps) as Hellas Click to show or hide the answer
Cape Matapan, the southernmost point of mainland Europe, is in
The 12th country to join the Eurozone (2001), and the first to join the original 11
EU member state with the longest coastline
Tikal – an ancient Mayan city, home of the Temple of the Great Jaguar (dating from the 8th century AD) Click to show or hide the answer
The major Ebola outbreak of 2014–15 started in (later spreading to Sierra Leone and Liberia, and less seriously to Senegal, Mali and Nigeria) Click to show or hide the answer
The only English–speaking country in South America – and the only mainland country whose cricketers can play for the West Indies Click to show or hide the answer
Demerara River (gave its name to a former Dutch colony in, and the natural brown sugar that's produced there)
Copán is an ancient Mayan city, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, in Click to show or hide the answer
Europe's largest landlocked country Click to show or hide the answer
Debrecen (DEB–ret–sen) is the second–largest city in
Postage stamps are marked "Magyar Posta"
Invaded by Soviet forces to quell an uprising, in 1956
The Crown of St. Stephen was used in the coronations of kings of Click for more information
More volcanoes than any other European country; 85% of its homes are heated by underwater hot springs Click to show or hide the answer
Smallest population of all the NATO member states
One third of it is classified as desert (Europe's largest)
Vatnajokull National Park, said to be the largest in Europe
Opposed Britain in the so–called Cod Wars (1973)
Bharat is the official name of; the Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the two main political parties in Click to show or hide the answer
The peacock is the national bird, lotus the national flower
The Deccan Plateau (a.k.a. the Deccan Flats) is a large area, between two coastal mountain ranges, in Click for more information
Arabic numerals, including the zero, originated in
Chess, and several other modern board games, are believed to have evolved from an ancient strategy game known as chaturanga, in
Produces most films per year
The first airmail service started (in 1911) in
Has over 7,000 universities (more than any other country – USA is next with 4,000)
Gained independence from the Netherlands, 1949 Click to show or hide the answer
The world's largest island nation (population over 250 million), and the most populous without a mainland; includes all of the world's fifth largest island (Sumatra) and parts of the 2nd and 3rd largest (New Guinea and Borneo)
Krakatoa, Java, Sumatra, Sulowese and West Timor belong to
Shares New Guinea with Papua New Guinea
More volcanoes than any other country
The only Asian country crossed by the Equator
The world's largest Muslim population
Sovereign sat on the Peacock Throne (until 1973) Click to show or hide the answer
Has coasts on the Caspian Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman
Abadan (on the Persian Gulf) is the major port of
Produces half of the world's pistachio nuts
Coincides approximately with the area known in ancient history as Mesopotamia – including Babylon and Ur Click to show or hide the answer
Left the Commonwealth in 1949 Click to show or hide the answer
Largest defence spend per head Click to show or hide the answer
Has compulsory military service for women Click for more information
Haifa is the major port of
The Negev Desert covers more than half of
Has 51 UNESCO World Heritage sites (2015) – more than any other country Click to show or hide the answer
Sestriere (ski resort)
Abidjan is the largest city in, and the former capital of Click to show or hide the answer
Has three 'counties' called Cornwall, Middlesex and Surrey Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Montego Bay (tourist destination)
'The Chrysanthemum Throne' is a term used in English to refer to the monarchy of Click to show or hide the answer
Changed to driving on the left in 1978
Satsuma is the name of a town, district and province of
Disneyland: USA, France and ...
Highest life expectancy (according to the WHO, 2013)
Calendar: months not named but are known as 1st Month, 2nd Month, etc.
NHK (Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai) is the national broadcaster of
The Hashemite Kingdom (after the dynasty that's ruled since the 10th century) Click to show or hide the answer
Aqaba is the only seaport of
Ruins of the ancient city of Petra
Desert valley of Wadi Rum, famous for its association with Lawrence of Arabia
The world's largest landlocked country, and ninth largest overall Click to show or hide the answer
The second largest of the former USSR republics (after Russia)
Russia's longest land border is with
Masai Mara National Reserve Click to show or hide the answer
Mombasa is the second largest city, and largest port, in
Divided along the 38th parallel, as one of the conditions of the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II (approved on 17 August 1945) Click to show or hide the answer
Unilaterally declared its independence fom Serbia in 2008 Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
The goddess of love and freedom, in its own pagan mythology, is Milda – her name used as a nickname for the maiden depicted on its coins and hallmarks, also for the Freedom Monument in its capital Click to show or hide the answer
The only Arab country without a desert Click to show or hide the answer
Cedar is the national tree
Tyre and Sidon
Commonwealth country, entirely surrounded by South Africa Click to show or hide the answer
West African republic, settled in 1822 by freed slaves from the Caribbean islands and the USA, as a colony of the American Colonization Society; its capital city is named after a US President who was a prominent supporter of the colonisation; declared itself independent in 1847; its independence was recognised by the USA in 1862 Click to show or hide the answer
Notorious for providing most so–called "flags of convenience" to ships from other countries
Bordered by Austria and Switzerland; the River Rhine forms its entire western border; lies entirely within the Western Rhaetian Alps Click to show or hide the answer
Schaan, where a company called Ivoclar Vivadent makes 20% of the world's false teeth, is the largest town in
Tobruk, Benghazi Click to show or hide the answer
The first Soviet republic to declare independence (March 1990) Click to show or hide the answer
The world's highest GDP per head Click to show or hide the answer
The Red Lands – named after the colour of its iron–laden earth – is the most heavily industrialised and most densely populated area in
Schengen – the village that gave its name to the European treaty of 1985 that provided for the removal of border controls between participating countries
The village of Findel is home to the only international airport in Click for more information
The Malagasy are the dominant ethnic group in Click to show or hide the answer
The only Commonwealth country with an elected monarch Click to show or hide the answer
Island nation in the Indian Ocean, forming a chain approx. 500 miles long (north to south), 400 miles south–west of Sri Lanka Click to show or hide the answer
The world's lowest highest point (2.4 m above sea level), and the lowest average height (1.5 m)
Asia's smallest country (298 km2 – about three–quarters the size of the Isle of Wight)
Timbuktu is in Click to show or hide the answer
Commonwealth country: declared itself a republic in 1974, joined the EU in 2004 Click to show or hide the answer
Became the European Union's smallest member in 2004
Mdina (former capital of), Mosta (featuring the world's third largest dome)
Nightlife district Paceville
Newest town Pembroke, named after the British Secretary of War 1859
Baja California, Chihuahua and Tabasco are states in; Chihuahua is also the capital city of the state of the same name Click to show or hide the answer
Chichen Itza, Calenque, and Calakmul and Tikal are ancient cities (all UNESCO World Heritage Sites) in
The dahlia is the national flower of
The world's largest supplier of silver
More Spanish speakers than any other country
"Mariachi" (also commonly applied to a small band of street musicians) is a type of folk music native to
Acapulco (seaport and coastal resort)
Most densely populated (16,923 per km2; see Singapore) Click to show or hide the answer
Shortest coastline
Became the smallest member of the United Nations, in 1993, when it became a full voting member
Gained independence from Serbia, 2006 Click to show or hide the answer
Adopted the Euro unilaterally, although not officially part of the Eurozone (as did Kosovo, which is not a UN member)
Casablanca, Fez, Safi, Tangier, Agadir Click to show or hide the answer
The only African country with both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines
Separated from Spain by the Straits of Gibraltar – the closest African country to mainland Spain
Gained independence from Portugal in 1975; joined the Commonwealth in 1995, as the only member that had never had any constitutional link to Britain or any other member – but since joined by Rwanda Click to show or hide the answer
Twyfelfontein: site of over 2,000 rock paintings, from the 2nd millennium BC Click to show or hide the answer
Walvis Bay (meaning Whale Bay): a city and popular tourist destination, known for Bird Island (an artificial platform in the sea, where birds congregate and guano is collected) and a huge sand dune known as Dune 7
Given access to the Zambesi river by the Caprivi Strip – named after the German Chancellor who negotiated the acquisition of the land in 1890, in an exchange with the UK
The world's smallest island nation: became a full member of the Commonwealth in 2000 Click to show or hide the answer
Eight of the world's ten highest mountains (Everest, Kangchenjunga, Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Dhaulagiri, Manaslu, Annapurna) are either wholly or partly in Click to show or hide the answer
Chitwan National Park (famous for its wildlife)
Traditional home of the Gurkhas
Friesland is a province of Click to show or hide the answer
Utrecht and Delft are cities in
Exports more cheese than any other
Highest population density in the European Union
Zeeland, after which New Zealand was named, is the westernmost province of (Zealand is the largest island of Denmark)
Efteling – based on ancient myths and legends, fairy tales, etc. – is one of the world's oldest theme parks, and the largest in
Furthest ahead of GMT (12 hours), and thus the first to greet every new day Click to show or hide the answer
Waitangi Day (Feb 6th) is the national day of
Sutherland waterfalls
Waimangu, the world's largest geyser
Fjordland National Park
The Tongariro National Park – a UNESCO world heritage site, acknowledged for both its natural and cultural significance – is the oldest national park in
Administers the Ross Dependency (Antarctica)
Lake Taupo is the largest lake (by surface area) in
The Beehive is the popular name for the Executive Wing of the parliament buildings of
Africa's most populous country; the only OPEC member nation that has English as an official language Click to show or hide the answer
Separated (peacefully) from Sweden 1905 Click to show or hide the answer
Telemark (immortalised in the 1965 film The Heroes of Telemark, about a raid on a heavy water plant during World War II; also gives its name to a style of ski–ing, with a distinctive method of turning), is one of the 19 counties of
Lillehammer (host city of the 1994 Winter Olympics)
Utsira (as in sea areas North and South) is a small town in the south–west of
Tromso, Trondheim (home of Rosenborg FC), Bergen
Hammerfest (the world's most northerly town)
Sends a Christmas tree to London every year
Voted against joining the European Economic Community in 1972, prompting the resignation of its government, and again in 1994
The only country with dependencies in both the Arctic and Antarctic
Europe's five highest waterfalls are in
Jarlsberg cheese comes from
Name (coined 1933) means "land of the pure" Click to show or hide the answer
First country to leave and rejoin the Commonwealth (joined on gaining independence in 1947, left in 1972, rejoined in 1989)
Includes the only two of the world's ten highest mountains that aren't at least partly in Nepal (K2, Nanga Parbat)
Seceded from Colombia 1903 Click to show or hide the answer
Australia's nearest neighbour; gained independence from Australia in 1975 Click to show or hide the answer
Has over 850 indigenous languages (said to be more than any other country)
Shiraz was the capital (1750–81) of Click to show or hide the answer
Source of the Amazon Click to show or hide the answer
Machu Picchu (ancient Inca city)
Nazca lines (said to be the world's largest ever works of art – a number of ancient geoglyphs in the desert, which can only be properly seen from the air)
Gained independence from Spain in 1824
Luzon and Mindanao are the two largest of the 7,000+ islands of Click to show or hide the answer
Auschwitz is in; Piła (pronounced Piwa) and Płock (Pwotsk) are towns in; between the wars, Vilnius (capital of Lithuania) was in; placed under martial law 1981–3 Click to show or hide the answer
Once known as Lusitania; the Lusiads is/are the national epic of Click to show or hide the answer
Lavender is the national flower of
Cape St. Vincent is the south–western extremity of
Fatima is a Christian shrine and site of pilgrimage in
Goa (Western India) was a colony (from 1510 to 1961) of
The world's largest producer of cork
Fado is a generally mournful style of folk music, originating in
Occupies a peninsula in the Persian Gulf; has a border only with Saudi Arabia Click to show or hide the answer
Formed 1861 by the merger of Moldavia and Wallachia; Timisoara is the second largest city in; Transylvania ('the land beyond the forest'), formerly part of Hungary, voted in 1918 to join Click to show or hide the answer
The world's largest country (c. 17 million km2 – approx. 80 times the size of GB) Click to show or hide the answer
Became the 54th member of the Commonwealth in 2009, despite having never been a British colony (see Mozambique) Click to show or hide the answer
Commonwealth country, dropped the word 'Western' from its name in 1997 Click to show or hide the answer
The world's oldest continuous republic; Europe's smallest republic; an enclave of Italy Click to show or hide the answer
Dogano (pop. 7,000) is the largest city in
Consists principally of two islands in the Gulf of Guinea (off West Africa) Click to show or hide the answer
Hejaz – the region that includes Mecca and Medina Click to show or hide the answer
The only country with a coastline on both the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf (i.e. both sides of the Arabian peninsula)
Closed all cinemas and theatres, as a political response to an increase in Islamist activism, including the 1979 seizure of the Grand Mosque in Mecca
Sometimes known as the Land of Cakes; Celtic name Alba Click to show or hide the answer
Cape Verde (westernmost point of Africa) Click to show or hide the answer
Name means 'lion mountains' (has mountains but no lions) Click to show or hide the answer
The world's second most densely populated country, and the most densely populated country with a population over 1 million (7,148 per km2; see Monaco) Click to show or hide the answer
Horn of Africa (the easternmost point of mainland Africa); has the longest coastline on mainland Africa Click to show or hide the answer
Has coastlines on the Atlantic and Indian oceans Click to show or hide the answer
Sun City is a resort in
Tugela Falls (the world's second highest waterfall)
The Zulus are the most numerous ethnic group in
Produces 80% of the world's platinum
Busan (or Pusan) is the largest port of Click to show or hide the answer
Hyundai – one of the world's biggest motor manufacturers – is based in
Became the 193rd member of the United Nations, in 2011 Click to show or hide the answer
Cape Finisterre, Cape Trafalgar Click to show or hide the answer
Most foreign visitors each year
Andalusia is a region of
Heir apparent carries the title Prince of Asturias
Ceuta and Melilla are exclaves, in North Africa, of
Kandy, Trincomalee, Jaffna and Galle are cities in Click to show or hide the answer
Sigiriya or Sinhagiri (Lion Rock – a rock fortress), Polonnaruwa (ancient royal city) and the Temple of the Tooth (in Kandy) are tourist attractions in
British Crown Colony on the Malay peninsula: Malacca, Penang, Singapore. Dissolved 1946 Click to show or hide the answer
Nubian Desert (eastern Sahara) Click to show or hide the answer
Often marked in green and pink diagonal stripes in the days of the British Empire
Darfur (West, North and South) is a region of
The smallest country in South America, and the only one apart from Guyana where they drive on the left Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
The Kingdom of Eswatini is more commonly known as Click to show or hide the answer
Bordered to the east by Mozambique, and on all other sides by South Africa
Sverige on stamps Click to show or hide the answer
Lily of the valley is the national flower of
Gothenburg, Helsingborg, Malmo, and Uppsala are cities in
Helvetia on stamps Click to show or hide the answer
Didn't give women the vote until 1971
Aramaic was the language of Aram, which is the Biblical name for (modern country) Click to show or hide the answer
Official title is the Republic of China (as opposed to the People's Republic of China) Click to show or hide the answer
Mobile phone maker HTC is based in
Formed from Tankanyika and Zanzibar Click to show or hide the answer
Olduvai Gorge – important fossil evidence of early Man
Serengeti National Park is in north–east
Mainland Asian country which borders Malaysia to the North Click to show or hide the answer
Xi–Zang (Sitsang), an autonomous region of China since the 1950s, is better known as Click to show or hide the answer
Name is derived from a Turkic word meaning 'the heights' Click for more information
One of Africa's smallest coutries, sandwiched between Ghana (to the west) and Benin (to the east); Burkina Faso lies to the north of all three Click to show or hide the answer
Home of the calypso Click to show or hide the answer
Lies between Algeria and Libya, on the north coast of Africa; Ras ben Sakka, the northernmost point of Africa (1km west of Ra's al Abyad, a.k.a. Cap Blanc, which is often cited) is in Click to show or hide the answer
Hammamet is a tourist resort (popular for swimming and water sports) in
The ruins of Carthage are near to the capital city of
Tarsus (birthplace of St. Paul), Ephesus (site of the Temple of Diana) and the archaeological site of Troy are in Click to show or hide the answer
Anatolia is the region that makes up the majority of
The Tigris and Euphrates both rise in
Batman is a provincial capital and approximately the 20th largest city in
NATO member that's furthest from the Atlantic Ocean
The Karakum Desert occupies about 70% of the land area of Click to show or hide the answer
Tiny Commonwealth nation with the lucrative Internet Top Level Domain name .tv Click to show or hide the answer
Described by Winston Churchill (in 1907) as "... truly the Pearl of Africa" Click to show or hide the answer
"Largest country on the European continent" (Wikipedia) Click to show or hide the answer
Crimean peninsula
Chernobyl
Odessa is the largest port in
The Donets Basin, also known as the Donbass, is a major industrial region in
Fray Bentos (historically a meat processing centre – near the border with Argentina) Click to show or hide the answer
The world's largest Christian population Click to show or hide the answer
The Philippines gained independence in 1946 from
Samarkand is the second largest city in Click to show or hide the answer
Europe's smallest independent state, and the world's Click to show or hide the answer
Established by the Lateran Treaty, 1929
Said to have been named by Amerigo Vespucci, after an Italian city (Venice) Click to show or hide the answer
Trinidad lies less than 7 miles off the coast of
Angel Falls (the world's highest waterfall)
Angostura (renamed Cuidad Bolivar in 1846)
The only OPEC member nation in the Americas, since Ecuador left in 1993
The Simon Bolivar Orchestra is formed of children from deprived backgrounds, from
Sucre (soo–cray) is the legal or judicial capital of
Name means 'land of the south' in its own language Click to show or hide the answer
Gained independence from New Zealand, 1962 Click to show or hide the answer
Savaii and Upolu are the principal islands of
Modern country that probably includes the biblical nation of Sheba (but Ethiopia also has a claim) Click to show or hide the answer
Mocha (the port, famous for being the major marketplace for coffee from the 15th century until the early 18th century)
Founded 1913 as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes; broke up in a series of political upheavals and conflicts during the early 1990s Click to show or hide the answer
The first Communist country to be visited by a ruling British monarch (1972)
Joined Tanganyika in 1964 to form Tanzania Click to show or hide the answer
Last country, alphabetically
Click to show or hide the answer
The world's poorest country (GDP $200 per capita – CIA World Factbook 2008, cited by Wikipedia)
Mashonaland and Matabeleland are now part of
Name means 'house of stone' in the Mashona language (after an ancient architectural complex)
Political parties ZANU and ZUM; ZANU and ZAPU fought for its independence;
Bulawayo is the second–largest city in

© Haydn Thompson 2017–18