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Geography
Physical Geography

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Physical Geography

Flat, or very gently sloping, areas of the ocean floor – about 40% of the total Click to show or hide the answer
Sediment deposited by streams, rivers and floods Click to show or hide the answer
An underground layer (stratum) of water–bearing permeable rock Click to show or hide the answer
A sea abounding in islands (originally the Aegean); hence a group of islands Click to show or hide the answer
Knife–edge ridge between two glacial valleys Click to show or hide the answer
Ring–shaped coral reef surrounding a lagoon Click to show or hide the answer
Name used for a slow–moving channel, or a lake or pool, on the Mississippi Click to show or hide the answer
Australia: branch of a river forming a dead end or pool, or an oxbow lake Click to show or hide the answer
“Cauldron” formed by the collapse of land following a volcanic eruption – often confused with the crater of a volcano Click to show or hide the answer
Series of waterfalls or rapids Click to show or hide the answer
Dense scrub or thicket, evergreen shrub vegetation, brushwood – especially in California Click to show or hide the answer
Correct (French) term for an amphitheatre–like valley at the head of a glacier – known in Scotland as a corrie, in Wales as a cwm, in England as a coombe or coomb, and in the USA as a combe or comb Click to show or hide the answer
Mounds of shattered granite – remains of tors – on Dartmoor Click to show or hide the answer
Crack in a glacier Click to show or hide the answer
Separate channels of a river delta Click to show or hide the answer
Volcano: neither active nor extinct Click to show or hide the answer
Ria Click to show or hide the answer
Rounded hill or ledge left after glaciation Click to show or hide the answer
Drainage basin where water cannot flow out but can escape only through evaporation or seepage Click to show or hide the answer
Point on the Earth's surface below which shock waves are generated in an earthquake Click to show or hide the answer
Boulder carried by ice away from its native area Click to show or hide the answer
Ridge of sand laid down by a sub–glacial stream Click to show or hide the answer
An opening or vent in the Earth’s crust, often on or near a volcano, that emits steam and gases such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen sulphide Click to show or hide the answer
Hot spring throwing out streams of boiling water Click to show or hide the answer
Eskers, drumlins, moraines: associated with the process of Click to show or hide the answer
Has a bergschrund at the top and a snout at the bottom; a Moulin is a shaft made by water, in a Click to show or hide the answer
Rock of volcanic origin Click to show or hide the answer
Narrow strip of land joining two larger land masses Click to show or hide the answer
Classic landscape of limestone (and other carbonate rocks), formed by the dissolution of layers of rock; named after a region in Slovenia that typifies it Click to show or hide the answer
Land between low water mark and high water mark Click to show or hide the answer
Molten rock emitted by a volcano Click to show or hide the answer
Artificially raised river embankment, to prevent flooding (USA) Click to show or hide the answer
Marble is a granular crystalline form of Click to show or hide the answer
Molten rock that exists below the surface of the earth, and emerges as lava when a volcano erupts Click to show or hide the answer
Flat–topped rock outcrop in the deserts of Arizona, Nevada and Mexico Click to show or hide the answer
Rock formed from igneous or sedimentary rocks, by pressure or temperature Click to show or hide the answer
Rock debris transported by a glacier (see also Terminal moraine); can be lateral, medial, ground or terminal Click to show or hide the answer
Shaft in a glacier, allowing water in Click to show or hide the answer
Orogenesis produces Click to show or hide the answer
Tides with minimum rise and fall (opposite of spring) Click to show or hide the answer
Formed when a river meander is breached at the neck, cutting off the loop Click to show or hide the answer
Temperate grassy plains of South America Click to show or hide the answer
String of lakes formed by glaciation Click to show or hide the answer
Land reclaimed from the sea in the Netherlands Click to show or hide the answer
Temperate grassland in North America Click to show or hide the answer
South Africa: range of hills overlooking a valley Click to show or hide the answer
Formed by the subsidence of land between two parallel faults Click to show or hide the answer
Arcuate, cuspate and bird's foot are the three main types of Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Logan (e.g. one near Treen, Cornwall) Click to show or hide the answer
Barchans, seifs, stars, transverse: types of Click to show or hide the answer
Grassland ecosystem with few trees or shrubs, between rainforest and desert (especially in Africa) Click to show or hide the answer
Small rocks on a mountain slope, especially at the foot of a crag Click to show or hide the answer
Rocks formed by pressure on particles deposited out of air, ice, wind, gravity, or water flows Click to show or hide the answer
Temperate grassland, especially in south–east Europe and central Asia Click to show or hide the answer
The world's largest biome (ecological type) apart from the oceans: characterised by coniferous forests, it covers most of inland Canada and Alaska, Scandinavia and Siberia Click to show or hide the answer
Like scree but larger rocks Click to show or hide the answer
Name used in Venezuela for its 115 flat–topped, steep–sided mountains – including Roraima, which inspired Conan Doyle’s The Lost World, and the one that features the Angel Falls (Auyantepi) – means “house of the gods” in the local native language Click to show or hide the answer
Ridge of deposit left at the furthest reach of a glacier after it has retreated Click to show or hide the answer
German word – literally 'valley way' – denoting the line of lowest elevation in a valley or watercourse (which can be significant in border disputes) Click to show or hide the answer
Bar of sand or gravel joining an island to the mainland Click to show or hide the answer
A watercourse that drains into a larger watercourse Click to show or hide the answer
Vast treeless plain of Arctic Canada, Greenland and Russia – characterised by permanently frozen subsoil and a specially adapted ecology featuring lichens, mosses and dwarf vegetation Click to show or hide the answer
Violent cyclonic storm or hurricane, in or around the China Sea Click to show or hide the answer
Loess Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017