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Geography
Seas (etc.)

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Seas (etc.)

This page covers the Earth's seas and oceans, and their features, including bays, gulfs, etc.).

See also Coastal Features (for things that are part of the land).

The northernmost arm of the Mediterranean: the cities of Venice and Trieste lie on its northern extremity, which is known as the Gulf of Venice Click to show or hide the answer
Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Albania all have coasts on
Westernmost portion of the Mediterranean (between the south coast of Spain and the north coasts of Morocco and Algeria) Click to show or hide the answer
Bay near The Needles, Isle of Wight, noted for its cliffs of multi–coloured sand Click to show or hide the answer
Region of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the east by India, and on the north–west by the Arabian peninsula Click to show or hide the answer
Smallest and shallowest of the world's five oceans; consists mainly of the Eurasian Basin and the Amerasian Basin, separated by the Lomonosov Ridge Click to show or hide the answer
The rivers Yenisei, Ob and Lena – the world's 5th, 7th and 11th longest – flow into the
The rivers Oder, Neva and Vistula flow into the Click to show or hide the answer
River Ganges flows into the Click to show or hide the answer
Known to the French as the Golfe de Gascogne (Gulf of Gascony); Sea of Cantabria (named after the Spanish province whose coastline it forms) is the local name for part of Click to show or hide the answer
The world's largest tidal variation (between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the US state of Maine) Click to show or hide the answer
Large indentation in the northern coast of New Zealand's North Island Click to show or hide the answer
Inlet on the Ross Ice Shelf of Antarctica: named by Shackleton, used as a base by Amundsen and Byrd Click to show or hide the answer
Trench between Antrim and Ayrshire, used as a munitions dump in WWII Click to show or hide the answer
Part of the Arctic Ocean, to the north–west of Canada, into which Canada's longest river (the MacKenzie) flows Click to show or hide the answer
Cold current flowing North along Africa's West coast, named after a town in Angola Click to show or hide the answer
A bay on the coast of West Africa – part of the Gulf of Guinea – named after a pre–colonial African empire, but gave its name to the country formerly known as Dahomey when it gained independence from France in 1960 Click to show or hide the answer
Formerly known as the Bight of Biafra: a bay on the coast of West Africa – part of the Gulf of Guinea – in which the islands of Sao Tomé, Principé and Bioko (part of Equatorial Guinea) are situated Click to show or hide the answer
The Crimea is a peninsula in the; the River Danube flows into the Click to show or hide the answer
Flat Holm and Steep Holm are islands in the Click to show or hide the answer
Largest bay on the British coast Click to show or hide the answer
The world's second largest sea – formerly known as the Spanish Main Click to show or hide the answer
Large natural harbour fed by the River Fal (among others); Falmouth is near its mouth; entrance guarded by Pendennis and St. Mawes castles Click to show or hide the answer
The world's largest enclosed inland body of water by area – sometimes described as its largest lake Click to show or hide the answer
The River Volga flows into the
Astrakhan and Baku are on the shores of the
Europe's lowest land point (28 metres / 92 feet below sea level)
Ocean trench south of Cuba, maximum depth over 7,000m Click to show or hide the answer
Deepest part of the Mariana Trench (36,000 feet below sea level) Click to show or hide the answer
Largest bay (or estuary) on the USA's Atlantic coast – Maryland and Virginia have shores Click to show or hide the answer
Narrow strait between the Hebridean islands of Jura and Scarba (Scotland), with a particularly intense tidal race – often producing whirlpools and other effects Click to show or hide the answer
River Jordan flows into the Click to show or hide the answer
Name given by sailors to the belt of low pressure around the Equator – characterised by light winds and calms, but occasional sudden storms – caused by the meeting of trade winds Click to show or hide the answer
Tidal strait in New York City: separates Long Island from the Bronx on the mainland, and from the island of Manhattan; spanned by the Brooklyn Bridge Click to show or hide the answer
Known to the French as La Manche Click to show or hide the answer
Roches–Douvres, Iles Chausey Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Also known as Lake Tiberias Click to show or hide the answer
Peninsula of European Turkey that forms the northern shoreline of the Dardanelles straits Click to show or hide the answer
Inlet of the Bosporus that forms the harbour of Istanbul Click to show or hide the answer
Great cod–fishing ground off Newfoundland – extension of the continental shelf Click to show or hide the answer
The more easterly of the two gulfs that are effectively extensions of the Red Sea to the north; a.k.a. the Gulf of Eilat; provides Jordan with its only coastline, and Israel with access to the Red Sea (cf. Gulf of Suez) Click to show or hide the answer
Northern extremity of the Baltic Sea – has coasts in Sweden and Finland Click to show or hide the answer
Separates Baja California from the Mexican mainland (a.k.a. Sea of Cortez or Vermillion Sea) Click to show or hide the answer
Between Queensland (Cape York) and Northern Territory Click to show or hide the answer
The southernmost extremity of the Caribbean Sea – with shores on Panama and Colombia Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
St. Petersburg stands at the head of the Click to show or hide the answer
Arm of the Indian Ocean that separates India and Sri Lanka (bounded to the north by the Palk Strait) Click to show or hide the answer
The world's largest gulf Click to show or hide the answer
Bay of the Baltic Sea between Latvia and Estonia: partially separated from the rest of the Baltic by the island of Saaremaa (Estonia); connected to the Baltic by the Irbe Strait Click to show or hide the answer
Major gulf on the coast of Libya – named after its major port, which was the birthplace of Muammar Gaddafi and where he was brutally murdered in 2011 Click to show or hide the answer
The more westerly of the two gulfs that are effectively extensions of the Red Sea to the north; separates the Arabian peninsula from Africa, and the African and Asian parts of Egypt from each other (cf. Gulf of Aqaba) Click to show or hide the answer
Separates the heel and toe of Italy Click to show or hide the answer
Warm Atlantic current from the Gulf of Mexico to Britain Click to show or hide the answer
Inlet of the Firth of Clyde near Dunoon, used as a base for US nuclear submarines 1961–92 Click to show or hide the answer
Atlantic zones, 30o North and South, noted for their long periods of calm weather Click to show or hide the answer
The world's largest bay (longest coastline) Click to show or hide the answer
Cold current that flows northwards along the Pacific coast of South America (after the Prussian geographer who described it in 1846) Click to show or hide the answer
Amsterdam St. Peter Plateau Click to show or hide the answer
The Andaman Sea (south of Burma, west of Thailand) is part of; the Andaman Islands (bordering the sea) are in the Click to show or hide the answer
Christmas Island (a territory of Australia) is in; the Pacific island formerly of the same name has been part of the Republic of Kiribati since 1983 and is now known as Kiritimati Click to show or hide the answer
Corfu, Kephalonia, Lefkada, Zakynthos, Kythira, Ithaki and Paxi are the Heptanese, or 'Seven Islands' in the Click to show or hide the answer
Deepest point in the Indian Ocean Click to show or hide the answer
Smaller gulf on the north coast of Australia – anti–clockwise from Darwin – Western Australia and Northern Territories have shorelines on it Click to show or hide the answer
Cold current, meets Gulf Stream off Newfoundland causing fogs Click to show or hide the answer
Dr. Syntax Bay Click to show or hide the answer
Gulf of the Mediterranean north of Corsica, bounded to the north and east by Italy; also has a shore in France and Monaco Click to show or hide the answer
Sea loch on which Stranraer is situated Click to show or hide the answer
Notorious tidal current off Norway's Lofoten Islands Click to show or hide the answer
Deepest trench in the oceans (off the Philippines) Click to show or hide the answer
Sea with shores in Europe, Asia and Africa; the Levant is an imprecisely–defined name for its eastern shores Click to show or hide the answer
Scotland's largest firth – into which the rivers Ness, Findhorn and Spey flow; its coast runs from Fraserburgh to Wick via Inverness Click to show or hide the answer
South China Sea is part of the Click to show or hide the answer
Surrounded by the so–called 'Ring of Fire' – which has over 450 volcanoes (75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes), and where about 90% of the world's earthquakes (and 81% of its largest earthquakes) occur
French name for the Straits of Dover Click to show or hide the answer
Stroma and Swona are the two largest islands in the Click to show or hide the answer
Bahrain is in the Click to show or hide the answer
Britain's largest natural harbour; claims to be the world's second largest, but so do Halifax (Nova Scotia) and Cork Click to show or hide the answer
Joined to the Mediterranean by the Suez Canal (and the Gulf of Suez); its other northern 'extension' is the Gulf of Aqaba Click to show or hide the answer
Name given to the strong westerly winds found in the Southern Hemisphere, generally between the latitudes of 40 and 50 degrees Click to show or hide the answer
Powerful current caused by conflicting tides around Orkney / Shetland Click to show or hide the answer
Region of the North Atlantic characterised by floating masses of seaweed (after which it's named); sea that has no coastline Click to show or hide the answer
Gulf on the north–east of the Black Sea, separated by the Crimean peninsula; the River Don flows into it Click to show or hide the answer
Sea between the Mediterranean (Dardanelles) and the Black Sea (Bosporus) Click to show or hide the answer
The world's largest sea – includes the Macclesfield Bank; can be said to separate the Philippines from the Asian mainland (Vietnam) Click to show or hide the answer
Bounded to the north–east by Italy, to the west by Sardinia and Corsica, and (partly) to the south by Sicily Click to show or hide the answer
The rivers Witham, Welland, Nene and Ouse flow into Click to show or hide the answer
Part of the Southern Ocean, off Antarctica, named after the British explorer who entered it in 1823 Click to show or hide the answer
Inlet of the Arctic Ocean on which Archangel is situated Click to show or hide the answer
The Bohai Sea and Korea Bay are inlets of the Click to show or hide the answer
Inlet of the North Sea in the Netherlands, enclosed 1932 and filled with fresh water; some of the land was later reclaimed as polders. Name means "southern sea" Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017–18