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History
Ancient History
Greece

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Ancient Greece

Siege of Troy lasted Click to show or hide the answer
The first Olympics were held Click to show or hide the answer
School founded in Athens by Plato in 385 BC Click to show or hide the answer
The city of Delphi lay on the slopes of Mount Parnassus and was the site of the most famous oracle of Click to show or hide the answer
Killed by a Roman soldier at Syracuse in 212 BC, aged 75 Click to show or hide the answer
The Clouds (423 BC), The Wasps (422 BC), The Birds (414 BC), Lysistrata (411 BC), The Frogs (405 BC): playwright Click to show or hide the answer
"Man is by nature a political animal"; proposed in the 4th century BC that the earth is not flat; pupil of Plato, teacher of Alexander the Great Click to show or hide the answer
The city of Ephesus was a major centre for the cult of (goddess) Click to show or hide the answer
Utopian city in Aristophanes' The Birds Click to show or hide the answer
4th century BC statesman and orator, put pebbles in his mouth (according to Plutarch) to overcome a speech defect Click to show or hide the answer
Parthenon: temple to Click to show or hide the answer
4th century BC founder of the Cynics school; lived in a barrel; carried a lantern around "to look for an honest man" Click to show or hide the answer
7th century BC lawgiver – punished all crimes by death Click to show or hide the answer
Sortition: method of selecting officials by Click to show or hide the answer
Rhyton (pl. rhyta) Click to show or hide the answer
Defined by Aristotle as "one of those bodies into which other bodies can be decomposed and which itself is not capable of being divided into other" Click to show or hide the answer
City on the coast of Asia Minor: famous for its temple to Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Click to show or hide the answer
The Father of Geometry Click to show or hide the answer
Ancient Greeks placed a coin in the hand or mouth of the dead, to pay for Click to show or hide the answer
Mountain believed to be the home of the Muses and the source of poetic inspiration Click to show or hide the answer
Ancient name for the Dardanelles strait Click to show or hide the answer
"The father of medicine" Click to show or hide the answer
Legendary (possibly mythical) Greek poet to whom the Iliad and the Odyssey are attributed (both are derived from oral tradition) Click to show or hide the answer
Heavy infantryman of ancient Greek armies – named after their armour Click to show or hide the answer
Epic poem, attributed to Homer (derived from oral tradition, 8th or 9th century BC); central character Achilles, centred on the siege of Troy – title means "about Troy" in Greek Click to show or hide the answer
Pythagoras established a school in (modern country) Click to show or hide the answer
Subject of Plutarch's love poems Click to show or hide the answer
King of Sparta, killed at Thermopylae in 480 BC while defending the pass with 1,400 Spartans, Thespians and Thebans against a huge Persian army Click to show or hide the answer
Spartan admiral: commanded the Spartan fleet in the Hellespont which defeated the Athenians at Aegospotami in 405 BC; forced the Athenians to capitulate in 404, bringing the Peloponnesian War to an end; subsequently organized the dominion of Sparta over Greece, dying in 395 Click to show or hide the answer
Sculptor famous for the Discobulus, or Discus Thrower (c. 450 BC); the original is lost, but it survives through numerous Roman copies Click to show or hide the answer
Epic poem, attributed to Homer (derived from oral tradition, 8th or 9th century BC); tells of the return of Odysseus and other Greek heroes from Troy to Ithaca Click to show or hide the answer
Site of the Temple of Zeus (including the statue of Zeus that was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world), and ruins of a gymnasium and baths Click to show or hide the answer
Temple dedicated to all the gods Click to show or hide the answer
Caused the Trojan war by abducting Helen Click to show or hide the answer
The Elgin Marbles were originally on the Click to show or hide the answer
Ran 115 miles to Athens after the Battle of Marathon Click to show or hide the answer
Ancient Greeks' name for the Lebanon / Israel / Syria region (the Levant) Click to show or hide the answer
Teacher of Aristotle; founder of the Academy at Athens (4th century BC) Click to show or hide the answer
Biographer (46–120 AD): Thomas North's 1579 translation of his Parallel lives inspired Shakespeare's Roman plays Click to show or hide the answer
Female lyric poet, born on the island of Lesbos and active around 600 BC: often described as 'the Tenth Muse' (most of her work has now been lost) Click to show or hide the answer
The pelta, used in the armies of ancient Greece and Persia, was a type of Click to show or hide the answer
Athenian philosopher known only through the works of his pupils Plato (who used his voice in The Republic) and Xenophon; taught that virtue was based on knowledge; found guilty of impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens (because he questioned everything), condemned to die by drinking hemlock; summed up the basis of his philosophy as "I know I am intelligent, because I know that I know nothing" Click to show or hide the answer
Oedipus Rex, Antigone, Electra (the Theban plays): playwright Click to show or hide the answer
Opposed Athens in the Peloponnesian war (5th century BC) Click to show or hide the answer
Pillars of Hercules: ancient Greeks' name for the Click to show or hide the answer
Ascetic who lived on a pillar Click to show or hide the answer
First playwright to introduce actors (as opposed to a chorus) into a play; winner of the world's first acting competition in Greece (534 BC) Click to show or hide the answer
Historical name for the region that includes European Turkey, also north–eastern Greece and much of modern Bulgaria; Spartacus is said by some to have been its king Click to show or hide the answer
Ilion (Greek) or Ilium (Latin): alternative name for Click to show or hide the answer
The first Olympics were held in honour of Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017