Monkey

Quiz Monkey
What do you want to know?

You are here:

History
Events, Periods, etc.

On this page:

Dates
Other

If you like my website, and/or if you've found it useful, please consider making a small donation to my Just Giving page, which I've set up just for this purpose. To begin with I'm collecting for a charity whose work I have benefitted from myself (and continue to do so): the British Heart Foundation. It would be great to raise £100 in the first month.

If you have already donated ... Thank You!

Events, Periods etc.

Dates

American Declaration of Independence Click to show or hide the answer
Storming of the Bastille Click to show or hide the answer

Other

Campaign fought by the Catholic Church against the Cathars in the Languedoc, 1209–29 (the Cathars believed in two gods – one of the world, representing power, and one of pure spirit, representing love) Click to show or hide the answer
"We hold these truths to be self–evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." Click to show or hide the answer
Hitler's "inclusion" of Austria into Germany in 1938 Click to show or hide the answer
Signed by Germany and Japan, 1936; Italy joined 1937 Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in Manchester, in 1838, by Richard Cobden and John Bright Click to show or hide the answer
Agreement of August 1941 between Churchill and Roosevelt, establishing a vision for the world after World War II Click to show or hide the answer
Series of treaties between Scotland and France, from 1295, against English aggression Click to show or hide the answer
Name for the Italo–German alliance, coined by Mussolini in 1936 Click to show or hide the answer
Assurance given by the British Foreign Secretary (1916), confirming British commitment to the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine Click to show or hide the answer
1985 confrontation when police prevented new age travellers from holding the 14th Stonehenge Free Festival Click to show or hide the answer
One of the most devastating pandemics in human history, peaking in Europe in the years 1346–53: believed to have been caused by the Yersinia pestis bacterium Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name for the dungeon in what was then the capital of British India, in which 146 British soldiers and East India Company employees were allegedly held overnight by Indian troops in 1876, only 23 surviving Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name for the events of 30 January 1972 in Londonderry, when members of the British army shot at unarmed "civil rights" protesters, killing 13 Click to show or hide the answer
Florence, 1497: followers of Savanarola burned objects connected with vanity, including mirrors, cosmetics, immoral books, paintings Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name for the political protest at Boston, Massachusetts, on 16 December 1773: involved three ships – the Dartmouth, the Eleanor and the Beaver Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Treaty of March 1903, between Russia and Germany, that ended the former's involvement in World War I – named after the city (now in Belarus) where it was signed Click to show or hide the answer
1924 event for which Wembley Stadium was built Click to show or hide the answer
Caused the downfall of Portugal's 46–year military dictatorship (1974) Click to show or hide the answer
Official name of the republic that ruled England (later Scotland and Ireland) from 1649 to 1660 under Oliver Cromwell and his son Richard Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Redrew the map of Europe following the defeat of Napoleon, 1814–5 Click to show or hide the answer
The rules that govern whether a country is allowed to join the EU (agreed in 1993 – just before the EEC became the EU under the Maastricht Agreement) Click to show or hide the answer
Socio–political movement in China, 1966–76, initiated by Mao Zedong with the aim of preserving 'true' Communist ideology in the country by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re–impose Maoist thought as the dominant ideology within the Party. Marked the return of Mao Zedong to a position of power after the Great Leap Forward. Paralysed China politically, and significantly affected the country economically and socially Click to show or hide the answer
Disastrous attempt by Scotland to set up a colony on the Panama isthmus, in the late 17th century Click to show or hide the answer
Declaration of Scottish independence, sent by letter to Pope John XXII 1320 Click to show or hide the answer
Event that prompted the Thirty Years War: a Protestant assembly found two Roman Catholic governors guilty of denying them freedom of religion, and threw them out of a window Click to show or hide the answer
1904: diplomatic crisis caused when the Russian Baltic Fleet fired on English fishing boats, mistaking them for Japanese gunboats (said to be started by a captain who was drunk) Click to show or hide the answer
1685: Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes, causing many protestants to leave France Click to show or hide the answer
1598: Henry VI of France granted freedom of worship to protestants Click to show or hide the answer
Agreement reached 1904 between France and the UK, ending centuries of intermittent conflict Click to show or hide the answer
Held in 1951 to celebrate the centenary of the Great Exhibition Click to show or hide the answer
The 2001 UK general election was delayed by one month due to Click to show or hide the answer
3–12 May 1926: called by the TUC in support of 800,000 locked–out coal miners, with the slogan: "Not a penny off the pay, not a minute on the day"; started when Princess Elizabeth was 12 days old Click to show or hide the answer
Four treaties (1864, 1906, 1929 and 1949) that established international standards for the humanitarian conduct of war Click to show or hide the answer
Delivered by US President Abraham Lincoln on 19 November 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the battle that was fought at the same place. Begins with the words, "Four score and seven years ago" and ends with an assertion of "government of the people, by the people, for the people" Click to show or hide the answer
Killing of 38 members of the Scottish Clan MacDonald, early in the morning of 13 February 1692, by soldiers of the Earl of Argyll's Regiment of Foot, under the command of Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Replacement of James II by William and Mary, 1688–9 Click to show or hide the answer
Elizabeth I's 'farewell' speech to her last parliament (30 November 1601) Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name for the 1998 agreement that marked a major step forward in the Northern Ireland peace process – also known as the Belfast Agreement – named after the day of the year on which it was signed Click to show or hide the answer
Anti–Catholic riots in London, 1780 Click to show or hide the answer
18th–century religious revival in the American colonies, inspired by the preaching of George Whitfield Click to show or hide the answer
Held at the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, in 1851, to celebrate the achievements of the civilised world and to promote British industry; one of its most popular exhibits was the Koh-i-Noor diamond, lent by Queen Victoria Click to show or hide the answer
Visitors paid a penny to use the first public toilets and get a shoe shine (giving rise to the well–known phrase or saying ... )
The Festival of Britain, in 1951, celebrated its cententary
Term used to describe the political and diplomatic confrontation that existed for most of the nineteenth century between Britain and Russia, over Afghanistan and neighbouring territories in Central and Southern Asia Click to show or hide the answer
1958–61: the Chinese Communist Party's unsuccessful economic and social campaign, led by Mao Zedong, aiming for a rapid transformation from an agrarian economy into a communist society through rapid industrialisation and collectivisation Click to show or hide the answer
Migration of Dutch–speaking settlers (Boers) from Cape Colony into the interior of modern South Africa, from 1836 to around 1846, to avoid British colonial administration Click to show or hide the answer
Le Grand Dérangement (1755–63): expulsion of the French–speaking population from what would become the Maritime Provinces of Canada, known to them as Acadie; known in English as the Click to show or hide the answer
Film processing laboratories in north London, where a dispute over union recognition became a cause celebre in the late 1970s Click to show or hide the answer
Forced evictions of Scottish highlanders in the 18th and 19th centuries, to make way for more profitable use of the land Click to show or hide the answer
First German Reich Click to show or hide the answer
Chinese Communist Party's brief initiative of summer 1956 to encourage free thought – swiftly followed by a brutal crack–down Click to show or hide the answer
White paper prepared by Barbara Castle as Employment Secretary, on behalf of the Wilson government (1969), aimed at curbing the power of the unions – opposed by Callaghan, among others, and never enacted Click to show or hide the answer
Term coined by F. Scott FitzGerald to describe 1920s America, epitomised in his works Click to show or hide the answer
Period of liberal rule in France under Louis–Philippe (1830–48) Click to show or hide the answer
Hurricane that devastated New Orleans in 2005 Click to show or hide the answer
US–backed regime that took power in Cambodia in 1970 following the overthrow of Prince Sihanouk in a military coup; itself overthrown by communists five years later Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name (originally given to the Cambodian Communist Party itself) for the Communist regime, led by Saloth Sar (Pol Pot), that overthrew the Khmer Republic in Cambodia in 1975 and held power until 1979, when it was overthrown by a Vietnamese invasion, after which its leaders fled to Thailand Click to show or hide the answer
Anti–Jewish riots throughout Germany, on the night of 9–10 November 1938; name derives from the number of shop windows that were broken; also known in English as the Night of the Broken Glass Click to show or hide the answer
Named after the Japanese city that hosted a major UN conference on climate change, 1997 (came into force in 2005) Click to show or hide the answer
Three 1929 agreements between the Italian government and the Roman Catholic Church to establish the Vatican City Click to show or hide the answer
Statement by the so–called Gang of Four, that led to the formation of the SDP (January 1981) – after the location of David Owen's London house Click to show or hide the answer
1925 series of multinational agreements seeking to secure territorial agreements resulting from World War I, and to normalise relations between Germany and its neighbours. Named after the Swiss town at the tip of Lake Maggiore, where they were negotiated Click to show or hide the answer
6,000 mile march across China, 1934–5, led by Mao Zedong (only 8,000 out of 100,000 survived) Click to show or hide the answer
1803: Napoleon sells 0.83 million square miles of the American mid–west, from New Orleans to the Canadian border – about 23% of the current area of the USA – to the USA for 60 million francs ($11.25 million); including interest and cancellation of debts, the USA eventually paid a total of $23.2m Click to show or hide the answer
Four original copies exist: two are in the British Library, one in Lincoln Castle, one in Salisbury Cathedral; clause 40 states "To no man will we sell, or deny, or delay, right or justice" Click to show or hide the answer
US plan for the reconstruction of the Allied nations of Europe and repelling Communism after World War II – announced 1947 (officially the European Recovery Program) Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name for the Treaty of Non–Aggression between Germany and the USSR – signed in Moscow on 24 August 1939 – from the names of the respective foreign ministers (but in reverse order!) Click to show or hide the answer
US President's warning that USA would see further colonial ambitions of European states in America as a security threat Click to show or hide the answer
Californian city: venue of a pop festival in June 1967, regarded as the precursor to Woodstock; featured Hendrix, Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, etc., etc.; film released 1968 Click to show or hide the answer
International treaty, first came into force 1989, designed to phase out substances believed to be causing the depletion of the earth's ozone layer Click to show or hide the answer
Agreement signed in September 1938 between the heads of government of the major European powers, including Chamberlain and Hitler Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Took place in the early hours of 28 April 1789, about 30 nautical miles off the volcanic island of Tofua (TOFF-oo-uh?) in the South Pacific Click to show or hide the answer
F. D. Roosevelt's policies for domestic economic and social reform, to counter the Great Depression, 1933–40 Click to show or hide the answer
30 June – 2 July 1934: Hitler's purge of the Nazi Sturmableitung – the Brownshirts – including its leader Ernst Röhm Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name for the 1997 Anti–Personnel Mine Ban Convention, after the city where it was signed in 1997 Click to show or hide the answer
St. Peter's Fields, Manchester, 1819: between 11 and 18 killed (probably 11 died on the field, and up to 7 later or of injuries), and 400–700 injured, when cavalry was sent into a crowd; Free Trade Hall later built on the site Click to show or hide the answer
Popular rising in the North of England against the break with Rome and the dissolution of the monasteries; started with the so–called Lincolnshire Rising in 1536, although the main rising started around York twelve days later. Robert Aske, a London barrister, was chosen as its leader Click to show or hide the answer
North Sea oilrig that exploded in 1988 with the loss of 167 lives Click to show or hide the answer
Periodic mob attacks on Jews in Russia, beginning 1881 Click to show or hide the answer
Held every 20 years since 1542 in an English county town – now 1992, 1912 etc. Click to show or hide the answer
Forcible removal of Presbyterian and Royalist MPs from the House of Commons, 1648 (leaving the Rump, which brought Charles I to trial) Click to show or hide the answer
Protests against road tolls in Wales, 1839–42 – named after the biblical character – ended after the Turnpike Acts of 1841 Click to show or hide the answer
After the Civil War in the USA (especially the southern states) Click to show or hide the answer
1811–20, in Britain (the future George IV ruled while his father was deemed unfit to rule due to illness) Click to show or hide the answer
Resurgence of Western art and science, centred in Italy, c 1500 AD Click to show or hide the answer
Reinstatement of the British monarchy after the Interregnum (and the period immediately following it) Click to show or hide the answer
Political and social movement that led to the unification of Italy in the late 19th century (Italian for "resurgence") Click to show or hide the answer
1985: established freedom of movement between most EU countries (and some that are not members of the EU) Click to show or hide the answer
France under Napoleon III, 1852–70, ended by the February Revolution Click to show or hide the answer
Secret agreement of October 1956 between Britain, France and Israel, following Nasser's nationalisation of the Suez Canal Click to show or hide the answer
Ancient system of farm tenancy, widespread in the Southern states of the USA after the Civil War (the landowner allows the tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on it) Click to show or hide the answer
1720 financial crisis revealing corruption among Government ministers; caused by speculation in a company (after which the crisis was named) that was granted exclusive rights to trade with South America, by a treaty with Spain, and in return took on Britain's national debt Click to show or hide the answer
Pandemic that killed approximately one per cent of the world's population in 1918 Click to show or hide the answer
Bilateral treaty between the USA and the Soviet Union, on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms. (START I was signed in 1991, came into force 1994, and was replaced by New START – signed in 2010 in Prague, came into force 2011; expected to last until at least 2021) Click to show or hide the answer
Massacre of French Protestants in 1572: named after Click to show or hide the answer
The Exposition Universale (1889), the event for which the Eiffel Tower was built, celebrated the centenary of the Click to show or hide the answer
1935 agreement between Britain, France and Italy, to reaffirm the Locarno Treaties, protect Austrian independence, and resist any future attempt by Germany to change the Treaty of Versailles. Named after the town on the banks of Lake Maggiore where it was signed Click to show or hide the answer
Period from c1598 to 1612 in Russia, when the tsardom was in dispute following the (disputed) murder of Dmitry, youngest son of Ivan the Terrible Click to show or hide the answer
Forced relocations of Native Americans, in the 1830s, from their ancestral homelands in the south–eastern USA to an area west of the Mississippi that had been designated as Indian Territory Click to show or hide the answer
Alliance formed 1907 between Britain, France and Russia Click to show or hide the answer
1713 treaty: ended the War of the Spanish Succession (Philip of Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV, recognised as Philip V of Spain – but renounced his claim to the French throne); Spain ceded the Spanish Netherlands, Naples, Sardinia and the Duchy of Milan to the Holy Roman Emperor, Gibraltar and Minorca to Britain, and (effectively) Brazil to Portugal; France ceded much of its territory in Canada to Britain Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name for the US National Prohibition Act of 1919, which enforced the 18th amendment to the constitution dealing with prohibition of alcohol Click to show or hide the answer
Organisation of European Communist states, 1955–91; officially known as the Treaty of Friendship, Co–operation, and Mutual Assistance Click to show or hide the answer
German republic that preceded Hitler's "Third Reich" Click to show or hide the answer
German anti–Nazi movement of 1942–3, started at Munich University Click to show or hide the answer
England was allied to Portugal in 1386 by the Treaty of Click to show or hide the answer
1889 event for which the Eiffel Tower was built Click to show or hide the answer
1521: Martin Luther defended his 95 Theses (against the Papal Legates) at the Diet of, and was declared a heretic by the Edict of Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017