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History
Government
The British Parliament

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History of Parliament
The House of Commons
The House of Lords
Constituencies by City
Constituencies by Member(s)
Constituencies Other

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The British Parliament

See also Government UK, Members of Parliament.

History of Parliament

1258 document prepared by Simon de Montfort and other barons, which forced Henry III to grant certain powers to a "council" which was monitored by parliament – regarded as England's first written constitution Click to show or hide the answer
England's first elected parliament was summoned (1265) by Click to show or hide the answer
Model Parliament summoned (1295) by Click to show or hide the answer
Queen Elizabeth I's last speech to a House of Commons deputation Click to show or hide the answer
Sat for two months in 1614 but produced no legislation Click to show or hide the answer
The Long Parliament Click to show or hide the answer
Remainder of the Long Parliament, after Pride's Purge, 1648–53 Click to show or hide the answer
Succeeded the Rump in 1653, but lasted only 5 months before Cromwell was made Lord Protector (December 1653) – named after the member for the City of London Click to show or hide the answer
Cavalier or Pensionary Parliament Click to show or hide the answer
Inner circle of ministers to Charles II, who governed 1667 – 73 Click to show or hide the answer

Broadcasting

House of Lords televised for the first time, in a three–day experiment Click to show or hide the answer
Regular television broadcasts from the House of Lords begin (initially as an experiment, made permanent soon afterwards) Click to show or hide the answer
Proceedings in the House of Commons televised for the first time Click to show or hide the answer

The House of Commons

Weeks of the year for which Parliament sits Click to show or hide the answer
Parliament sits for (Monday to Thursday – only 5½ hours on Friday) Click to show or hide the answer
Prime Minister's Question Time (since 1997) Click to show or hide the answer
Up to 1997, Prime Minister's Question Time began at Click to show or hide the answer
The Budget is traditionally presented on a Click to show or hide the answer
Minimum age for an MP (reduced from 21 in 2006) Click to show or hide the answer
Members of Parliament (2015 election) Click to show or hide the answer
Number of MPs that the debating chamber can seat Click to show or hide the answer
Women MPs (after the 2015 election – an increase of 44, and an increase of 48 over the 2010 election) Click to show or hide the answer
Quorum for the House of Commons Click to show or hide the answer
Honorary title afforded to the MP who has the longest uninterrupted service Click to show or hide the answer
The highly–ornamented silver–gilt staff that represents the sovereign during sessions of the House of Commons (the sovereign being the third part of Parliament, after the Commons and the Lords); the Commons can't meet without it Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Form of address used in the Commons for a member who is also a QC Click to show or hide the answer
Traditionally allowed to drink whatever he (or she) likes – including alcohol which is otherwise banned under parliamentary rules Click to show or hide the answer
Symbol of the House of Commons Click to show or hide the answer
Committee of back bench Tory MPs Click to show or hide the answer
Constituency controlled by one person or family (prior to the 1832 Reform act) Click to show or hide the answer
Constituency that was made unrepresentative by the low number of voters, prior to the Reform Act of 1832 Click to show or hide the answer
MPs elected by the Chiltern Hundreds, prior to the Reform Act Click to show or hide the answer
MPs who wish to resign may apply to take the Stewardship of (two offices – one based in Buckinghamshire, one in north Yorkshire – that involve no duties, but disqualify the incumbent from sitting as an MP, because they're "offices of profit under the Crown") Click to show or hide the answer
Click to show or hide the answer
MPs are called to vote by the Click to show or hide the answer

The House of Lords

Hereditary peers entitled to sit in the House of Lords, in addition to the Earl Marshal and the Lord Great Chamberlain, under the 1999 Act Click to show or hide the answer
C of E Bishops entitled to sit in the House of Lords (out of 44) Click to show or hide the answer
Names given to the lobbies in the House of Lords used for counting votes (equivalent to Ayes and Nos in the Commons) Click to show or hide the answer
Quorum for the House of Lords Click to show or hide the answer
Ex officio speaker of the House of Lords Click to show or hide the answer
The Lord Chancellor's seat Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Archbishops and bishops Click to show or hide the answer
Others Click to show or hide the answer
Bishops with seats as of right in the House of Lords (as well as the Archbishops of Canterbury and York) Click to show or hide the answer
House of Lords member not taking a party whip Click to show or hide the answer
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen–at–arms Click to show or hide the answer
Lord President of the Council Click to show or hide the answer

Constituencies: by City

Edgbaston, Erdington, Hall Green, Hodge Hill, Ladywood, Northfield, Perry Barr, Selly Oak, Sparkbrook and Small Heath, Yardley Click to show or hide the answer
Kemptown, Pavilion Click to show or hide the answer
Garston, Riverside, Walton, Wavertree, West Derby; Scotland Exchange (formed in 1974 by the merger of Scotland and Exchange; replaced in 1983) Click to show or hide the answer
Blackley, Central, Gorton, Withington Click to show or hide the answer
Devonport, Sutton Click to show or hide the answer
Attercliffe, Brightside, Central, Hallam, Heeley, Hillsborough Click to show or hide the answer
Itchen, Test Click to show or hide the answer

Constituencies: by Member(s)

Jo Cox (Labour MP, fatally shot and stabbed on a street in her constituency in the run–up to the 2016 EU referendum), 2015–16; former Coronation Street actress (and television scriptwriter) Tracy Brabin was elected at the resultant by–election in October 2016 Click to show or hide the answer
Stanley Baldwin, 1908–37 Click to show or hide the answer
Edward Heath, 1950–74 (Sidcup 1974–83, Old Bexley & Sidcup 1983–2001) Click to show or hide the answer
Neville Chamberlain, 1929–40 (previously B'ham Ladywood 1918–29) Click to show or hide the answer
Barbara Castle 1945–50 and 1955–79, Jack Straw 1979–2015 (Castle represented a differently–named constituency in the same town from 1950 to 1955) Click to show or hide the answer
Harold Macmillan, 1945–65 Click to show or hide the answer
John Bercow, 1997– Click to show or hide the answer
James Callaghan, 1950–83 (Cardiff South 1945–50, Cardiff South and Penarth 1983–7) Click to show or hide the answer
Ed Miliband, 2005– Click to show or hide the answer
Gordon Brown, 1983–2005 Click to show or hide the answer
Winston Churchill, 1924–45 (he had previously represented Oldham 1900–6, Manchester North West 1906–8, Dundee 1908–22; see also Woodford) Click to show or hide the answer
Margaret Thatcher, 1959–92 Click to show or hide the answer
Michael Heseltine 1974–2001, Boris Johnson 2001–8 Click to show or hide the answer
Oliver Cromwell 1628–9, John Major 1979–2001 Click to show or hide the answer
Harold Wilson, 1950–83 (Liverpool; previously (1945–50) represented Ormskirk) Click to show or hide the answer
Jeremy Corbyn, 1983– Click to show or hide the answer
Alec Douglas Home, 1963–74 (1931–45 and 1950–1: Lanark) Click to show or hide the answer
Gordon Brown, 2005–15 (previously represeted Dunfermline East, 1983–2005) Click to show or hide the answer
Clement Atlee, 1922–50 Click to show or hide the answer
Theresa May, 1997– Click to show or hide the answer
William Hague, 1989–2015 Click to show or hide the answer
Tony Blair, 1983–2007 Click to show or hide the answer
Nick Clegg, 2005– Click to show or hide the answer
Harold Macmillan, 1924–9 and 1931–45 Click to show or hide the answer
Neil Hamilton 1983–97, Martin Bell 1997–2001, George Osborne 2001–17 Click to show or hide the answer
Boris Johnson, 2015 to date Click to show or hide the answer
Clement Atlee, 1950–6 Click to show or hide the answer
Anthony Eden, 1923–57 Click to show or hide the answer
Betty Boothroyd, 1974–2000 Click to show or hide the answer
Douglas Hurd 1983–97, David Cameron 2001–16 Click to show or hide the answer
Winston Churchill, 1945–54 Click to show or hide the answer

Constituencies: Other

The only Scottish constituency to return a Labour MP in the 2015 general election (Ian Murray) Click to show or hide the answer
First to declare its results, in the general elections of 2010 and 2015 Click to show or hide the answer
Highest population, and the largest electorate Click to show or hide the answer
Additional constituency created at the 1992 election Click to show or hide the answer
First to declare its results, in the general elections of 1992, 1997, 2001 and 2005 Click to show or hide the answer

In 2010, Sunderland South lost some of its domain to the new constituency of Sunderland Central, and gained Houghton which had previously been paired with Washington East.

© Haydn Thompson 2017–18