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History
Government
Party Leaders

On this page:

Conservative
Labour
Liberal Democrats
Social Democratic Party (SDP)
Liberal
SNP
Plaid Cymru
Green Party
UKIP
Other

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Party Leaders

Conservative

2016– (Prime Minister 2016–) Click to show or hide the answer
2005–16 (Prime Minister 2010–16) Click to show or hide the answer
2003–5: stood down six months after losing the 2005 general election Click to show or hide the answer
2001–3: self–styled "quiet man" (others detected a lack of charisma) Click to show or hide the answer
1997–2001: at 36, the youngest ever leader of the Conservative party Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
1990–7 (Prime Minister 1990–7; introduced the TESSA in his only budget speech, 1990, as a low–risk alternative to the PEP) Click to show or hide the answer
1975–90 (Prime Minister 1979–90) Click to show or hide the answer
1965–75 (Prime Minister 1970–4; Father of the House of Commons 1992–2001) Click to show or hide the answer
1963–4 (Prime Minister 1963–4) Click to show or hide the answer
1957–63 (Prime Minister 1957–63) Click to show or hide the answer
1955–7 (Prime Minister 1955–7) Click to show or hide the answer
1940–55 (Prime Minister 1940–5 and 1951–5) Click to show or hide the answer
1937–40 (Prime Minister 1937–40) Click to show or hide the answer
1923–37 (Prime Minister May 1923– Jan 24, 1924–9, June 35 – May 37) Click to show or hide the answer
1911–23 (Prime Minister Nov 1922 – May 1923 – resigned when diagnosed with cancer) Click to show or hide the answer
1902–11 (Prime Minister 1902–5) Click to show or hide the answer

Labour

2015- Click to show or hide the answer
2010–15 Click to show or hide the answer
2007–10 (Prime Minister throughout his leadership) Click to show or hide the answer
1994–2007 (Prime Minister 1997–2007) Click to show or hide the answer
12 May to 21 July 1994 (following the death of John Smith and pending the election of a successor) Click to show or hide the answer
1992–4 (died suddenly in 1994 of a heart attack, aged 55) Click to show or hide the answer
1983–92 Click to show or hide the answer
1980–3: controversially appeared at a Remembrance service at the Cenotaph wearing what was described in some media outlets as a duffel coat or a donkey jacket Click to show or hide the answer
1976–80 (Prime Minister 1976–9; the only person ever to hold the 4 great offices of state; moved from Chancellor of the Exchequer to Home Secretary after devaluation in 1967) Click to show or hide the answer
1963–76 (Prime Minister 1963–70 and 1974–6) Click to show or hide the answer
1955–63 (died suddenly 18 January 1963) Click to show or hide the answer
1935–55 (Prime Minister 1945–51; Labour’s longest serving party leader) Click to show or hide the answer
1932–5 Click to show or hide the answer
1921–2 Click to show or hide the answer
1911–14, 1922–31 (Prime Minister Jan – Nov 1924, 1929–35) Click to show or hide the answer
1910–11 Click to show or hide the answer
1908–10, 1914–17 and 1931–32 Click to show or hide the answer
1906–8: the first Labour MP (1892); founder and first leader of the Parliamentary Labour Party Click to show or hide the answer

Liberal Democrats

2017– Click to show or hide the answer
2015–17 Click to show or hide the answer
2007–15: Deputy Prime Minister 2010-15; resigned as Lib Dem leader after the 2015 general election, in which they lost 49 of their 57 seats Click to show or hide the answer
2006–7: resigned in the run-up to the 2007 general election amid allegations of ageism – he was 66 Click to show or hide the answer
1999–2006: resigned after ITN said it intended to report that he had been treated for a drinking problem; died in 2015, aged 55 Click to show or hide the answer
1988–99 Click to show or hide the answer
March–July 1988 (Social and Liberal Democrats) Click to show or hide the answer

Social Democratic Party (SDP)

1987–8 (in post at the time of its merger with the Liberals) Click to show or hide the answer
1983–7 (stood down in protest against the proposed merger with the Liberals) Click to show or hide the answer
July 1982 to June 1983 (took over from the joint leadership of the "Gang of Four") Click to show or hide the answer

Liberal

1976–88 (introduced the Private Member’s Bill that led to the Abortion Act, 1967; continued as first leader of the Social and Liberal Democrats) Click to show or hide the answer
1967–76: died 2014 aged 85 Click to show or hide the answer
1956–67, May–July 1976 Click to show or hide the answer
1945–56 Click to show or hide the answer
1935–45 Click to show or hide the answer
1931–35 Click to show or hide the answer
1926–31 (Prime Minister of the Coalition government, 1916–22; last Liberal to be Prime Minister) Click to show or hide the answer
1908–26 (Prime Minister 1908–16; last Prime Minister of a Liberal government) Click to show or hide the answer
1899–1908 (Prime Minister 1905–8) Click to show or hide the answer

Note: at this time there was no definitive leader of the Liberal party; they had leaders in both the Commons and the Lords. Only those who served as Prime Minister are named here.

1894–6 (Prime Minister 1894–5) Click to show or hide the answer
1865–75, 1880–94 (Prime Minister 1868–74, 1880–5, Feb–July 1886, 1892–4) Click to show or hide the answer
1859–65 (Prime Minister 1859–65) Click to show or hide the answer

Scottish National Party

2014– Click to show or hide the answer
1990–2000 and 2004–2014 Click to show or hide the answer
2000–2004 Click to show or hide the answer

Plaid Cymru

2012– Click to show or hide the answer
2000–2012 Click to show or hide the answer
1991–2000 Click to show or hide the answer

The Green Party (of England and Wales)

2016– (joint leaders) Click to show or hide the answer
Click to show or hide the answer
2012–16 Click to show or hide the answer
2008–12 Click to show or hide the answer

UKIP

2006–9, 2010–16, and acting leader later in 2016 after Diane James resigned before her status as leader was formalised Click to show or hide the answer
Elected in 2016 to succeed Farage (or James); resigned after the party failed to win any seats at Westminster in the 2017 General Election Click to show or hide the answer

Other

Chairman of the British National Party (BNP), 1999–2014 Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the Referendum Party, 1997; died two months after losing his deposit in the General Election of that year Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017