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History
People in History
After 1945

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People in History: after 1945

Succeeded Yasser Arafat as leader of the PLO, following his death in 2004 Click to show or hide the answer
Harry S. Truman's Secretary of State, 1949–53 (replaced George C. Marshall); remarked that Britain had lost her empire and had not yet found a role Click to show or hide the answer
The only US vice–president to resign during his term of office (1973) Click to show or hide the answer
Living in Scotland, claimed in the 1930s (and until her death in 1984) to be Princess Anastasia of Russia (youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II). DNA testing in 1994 showed her claim to be false Click to show or hide the answer
US civil rights activist, author of Go tell it on the mountain (1953) Click to show or hide the answer
Died as a result of Operation Neptune Spear (2011) Click to show or hide the answer
Grenadian opposition leader, whose execution in 1983 prompted a US–led invasion of the island Click to show or hide the answer
Surveyor of the Queen's Pictures, 1945–73, and a highly–respected art historian: revealed in 1979 (by Margaret Thatcher) to have been the Fourth Man in the Cambridge spy ring (after Burgess, McLean and Philby); he had confessed in 1964 Click to show or hide the answer
One of two British spies who defected to the Soviet Union in 1951 (see Donald Maclean); died, probably as a consequence of his alcoholism, in 1963 Click to show or hide the answer
Belgian Secretary–General of NATO, resigned 1995 Click to show or hide the answer
Student leader Danny the Red: surname Click to show or hide the answer
Britain's first Ombudsman (1967) Click to show or hide the answer
British Ambassador to Moscow, 1940 – 42; Chancellor of the Exchequer 1947 – 50 Click to show or hide the answer
Israel's Defence Minister, 1967–74 – appointed shortly before the Six–Day War, replaced shortly after the Yom Kippur War Click to show or hide the answer
Master of the Rolls, 1962–82 Click to show or hide the answer
Chief Medical Officer for England, 1998– Click to show or hide the answer
Eisenhower's Secretary of State, 1953–9 Click to show or hide the answer
SS officer and war criminal, captured by Israeli agents in Argentina, 1960 (living under the pseudonym Ricardo Klement); executed 1962 Click to show or hide the answer
Scientist, turned down the presidency of Israel in 1952 Click to show or hide the answer
TUC General Secretary 1970–74 Click to show or hide the answer
Former FBI associate director, revealed himself in 2005 to have been "Deep Throat" – the source of the Watergate revelations; died in 2008 Click to show or hide the answer
First Minister of Northern Ireland, January 2016 to January 2017: forced out of office after Martin McGuinness and Sinn Féin effectively refused to work with the DUP, as long as she remained in post, until the investigation into the so–called 'Ash for Cash' scandal was completed Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Last person to die attempting to cross the Berlin Wall (8 March 1989 – died when his improvised balloon crashed) Click to show or hide the answer
Georgian Republican Representative, became Speaker of the House of Representatives 1994; forced through a record amount of legislation in 100 days Click to show or hide the answer
Former astronaut, elected to the US Senate in 1974; made an unsuccessful bid for the presidency in 1984 (withdrew during the primaries; Walter Mondale was selected, and lost to Reagan) Click to show or hide the answer
Senior KGB officer and British double agent, 1974–85; sprung by British agents while under arrest in Moscow in 1982 Click to show or hide the answer
Succeeded by Arthur Scargill as President of the NUM Click to show or hide the answer
Said to have attracted crowds of 100,000 to Yankee Stadium (New York) in 1952, 185,000 to Wembley in 1954, 1.12 million to Seoul in 1973, and a quarter of a million to the Maracana Stadium (Rio de Janeiro) 1974 Click to show or hide the answer
Commander of Soviet troops in Afghanistan, 1987–9 (his third tour of duty there); as such, he was the last Soviet soldier to leave Afghanistan on 15 February 1989; went on to become a deputy government minister, member of the Duma, and Governor of Moscow Oblast (2000–12) Click to show or hide the answer
Soviet Foreign Secretary, 1957–85; played a major role in the Cuban missile crisis and the SALT talks Click to show or hide the answer
Last person to be shot attempting to cross the Berlin Wall (6 Feb 1989) Click to show or hide the answer
Czech playwright, imprisoned as a dissident under Communism, elected President after the collapse of Communism Click to show or hide the answer
President of the US Teamsters union, 1958–71: convicted of fraud, bribery and jury tampering, 1964; Robert Kennedy, as Attorney General, was closely involved in his trial and conviction. Disappeared mysteriously 1975, declared legally dead 1982 Click to show or hide the answer
Head of MI5 1956–65 – widely suspected of being a Soviet spy Click to show or hide the answer
Director of the FBI, from its foundation in 1924 until his death in 1972 Click to show or hide the answer
Brother of Aldous Huxley; Secretary of London Zoological Society 1935–42; first Secretary–General of UNESCO; died 1975 Click to show or hide the answer
Black civil rights leader, contested the Democratic nomination for the US presidential elections of 1984 and 1988 Click to show or hide the answer
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1967–70; Home Secretary, 1974–76; first (and only, to 2009) British President of the European Commission, 1977–81 Click to show or hide the answer
First Governor–General of Pakistan; campaigned for the partition of India Click to show or hide the answer
The last person to be hanged for treason in Britain (1946) Click to show or hide the answer
Leader of Beirut's Druze militia during the 1980s Click to show or hide the answer
Born Lithuania 1915; manufactured Gannex raincoats; knighted 1970; became a life peer in Wilson's resignation honours; served 10 months for conspiracy to defraud 1980 (knighthood withdrawn); died 1995 Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the West German Green Party Click to show or hide the answer
RC priest, active in CND in the 1980s; resigned the priesthood 1987 after Cardinal Basil Hume instructed him to refrain from involvement in politics Click to show or hide the answer
German–born US Secretary of State under Nixon and Ford (1973–7); shared the Nobel Peace Prize for his part in the Vietnam peace negotiations Click to show or hide the answer
Britain's first Minister for the Arts, under Harold Wilson, 1967 Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the French Front National (National Front), 1972 Click to show or hide the answer
US lawyer and politician, started a wave of anti–Communist hysteria 1950 by claiming that the State Department had been infiltrated by Communists Click to show or hide the answer
Last British Governor of Kenya (1963–4) – son of a prime minister Click to show or hide the answer
Former IRA commander: one of the architects of the Good Friday Agreement, and later Deputy First Minister in the Northern Ireland power–sharing government; died in 2017, aged 66, of a rare tissue disease Click to show or hide the answer
British spy, son of a former Liberal Party leader: one of two who defected to the Soviet Union in 1951 (see Guy Burgess); died in Moscow in 1983 Click to show or hide the answer
US Secretary of State, devised plan for economic recovery in Europe after World War II Click to show or hide the answer
Bosnian Serb military leader, extradited to The Hague in 2011 for trial on suspicion of war crimes Click to show or hide the answer
First president of the European Coal and Steel Community; regarded as the founding father of the EEC Click to show or hide the answer
Former Curator of Mammals at London Zoo; presenter of BBC TV's Zoo Time; author of The Naked Ape (1967) Click to show or hide the answer
Last British Viceroy of India (Feb–Aug 1947); assassinated by the IRA while sailing from Mullaghmore, Ireland, in 1979 Click to show or hide the answer
British intelligence chief, said to be the model for Ian Fleming's 'M' Click to show or hide the answer
African American woman who refused to give up her seat for a white person, Montgomery Alabama, 1955 Click to show or hide the answer
The last British governor of Hong Kong (1992–7) Click to show or hide the answer
Independent candidate in the 1992 US Presidential Election (against Clinton and Bush Sr.) Click to show or hide the answer
Defected to the Soviet Union in 1961, after allegedly confessing to being the "third man" in the Cambridge spy ring, after Burgess and Maclean Click to show or hide the answer
Leader of Westminster Council 1983–91, ordered 1996 (with 5 others) to pay the £27m costs of an illegal policy (the "Votes for Homes" scandal) of designating council houses in marginal wards for sale when tenancies expired, but leaving them vacant (incurring substantial security costs to deter squatters etc.) Click to show or hide the answer
US Secretary of State, 2000–5 (under George W. Bush) Click to show or hide the answer
Polish–born London landlord exposed in 1963 for charging extortionate rents and assaulting tenants Click to show or hide the answer
Former Editor of The Times, became Chairman of the Arts Council Click to show or hide the answer
US Secretary of State, 2005– Click to show or hide the answer
MP for Hamilton 1978–97, Hamilton South 1997–9; Secretary–General of NATO, 1999–2003 Click to show or hide the answer
First woman president of the Irish Republic, 1990–7; UN High Commissioner for Human Rights 1998–2002 Click to show or hide the answer
US husband and wife, hanged at Sing Sing in 1953 after being convicted of passing atomic secrets to the USSR Click to show or hide the answer
US Defense Secretary under George W. Bush, 2001–6 – famous for his "known unknowns" quotation, 2003 Click to show or hide the answer
Secretary of State to US presidents Kennedy and Johnson (1961–9) Click to show or hide the answer
Sri Lankan born fraudster, set up the Fire, Auto and Marine Insurance Company 1963, selling worthless motor insurance; company collapsed in 1966 after he sold his shares in it Click to show or hide the answer
President of the National Union of Mineworkers, throughout the 1980s Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the Wildfowl Trust (at Slimbridge, Gloucestershire, 1946); one of the founders of the World Wildlife Fund (now known as the Worldwide Fund for Nature) and designer of its panda logo; also won a bronze medal in sailing (O–Jolle class solo dinghy) at the 1936 Olympics Click to show or hide the answer
Britain's chief prosecutor at the Nuremburg Trials Click to show or hide the answer
Attended the House of Lords on his 100th birthday in 1984 Click to show or hide the answer
Produced the first widely available pocket calculator and home computers, and in 1985 a commercially disastrous "personal transport" (the C5) Click to show or hide the answer
South African Communist leader and Minister of Housing; died 1995 Click to show or hide the answer
Buried in Lenin's tomb, 1953–60 Click to show or hide the answer
US Presidential candidate defeated by Eisenhower in 1952 and 1956; US delegate to the UN, 1961–5 Click to show or hide the answer
English historian, 1906–90, achieved popular notice through a series of informal TV lectures Click to show or hide the answer
Burmese Secretary–General of the United Nations, 1962–71 Click to show or hide the answer
German designer of the V1 and V2 rockets; worked for NASA after WWII, designed Saturn rockets Click to show or hide the answer
Austrian diplomat, United Nations Secretary–General 1972–81; President of Austria, 1986–92 Click to show or hide the answer
Leader of Solidarity, became President of Poland in 1990 Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2018