Monkey

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History
World War II
Places

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World War II: Places

Anne Frank wrote her diary in Click to show or hide the answer
Final bridge over the Rhine in Operation Market Garden, 1944, which British troops failed to take; 1st Airborne Division destroyed in the ensuing combat; operation described in the book and film A Bridge Too Far Click to show or hide the answer
Hitler's last desperate offensive in the Ardennes, 16 Dec 1944 to 6 Jan 1945 Click to show or hide the answer
Mansion near Milton Keynes, Bucks, used as Britain's main code–breaking establishment during WWII – a.k.a. Station X Click to show or hide the answer
D–Day: the Germans expected the Allied landings to be at Click to show or hide the answer
1943: Churchill and Roosevelt met at Click to show or hide the answer
German city, target of the first Thousand Bomber Raid (1942) Click to show or hide the answer
Invaded by German forces May 1941 – the first successful airborne invasion Click to show or hide the answer
The only major Australian city to be bombed (19 February 1942 – over 200 killed) Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
German–occupied French port, target of a disastrous Allied raid 42 days after Dunkirk – planned by Lord Louis Mountbatten Click to show or hide the answer
River on which the Western Allies met with Soviet forces, April 1945 Click to show or hide the answer
Baltic port: became a "Free City" (i.e. not part of either Germany or Poland) under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles; demanded by Hitler in 1939 (along with the so–called Polish Corridor to its west, which was Poland's only route to the sea); denial led to the Nazi invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939; became part of Poland following the Yalta and Potsdam conferences after World War II Click to show or hide the answer
Occupied by 746 Royal Marines on 10 May 1940, without a shot being fired, in Operation Fork; 4,000 reinforcements landed a week later, and eventually 25,000 British and Canadian personnel; they were relieved a year later by US troops Click to show or hide the answer
Japanese island, famous for a battle that took place there in Feb–March 1945, and particularly for an iconic photograph of six US marines hoisting the Stars & Stripes on it; subsequently occupied by the USA until 1968 Click to show or hide the answer
2–mile gap in the Atlas Mountains, in Tunisia: scene of the first major engagement between American and German forces in World War II (February 1943) Click to show or hide the answer
Russian forest where 4,500 Polish officers, PoWs, were found murdered by the Russians (1940) Click to show or hide the answer
City on the south–west tip of Honshu island: site of a major arsenal, which was the backup target for the atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima and the primary target for the one that was dropped on Nagasaki Click to show or hide the answer
Oskar Schindler's enamel and munitions factory was in the Jewish ghetto of Click to show or hide the answer
Engagement between German and Soviet forces, in July and August 1943: described as the greatest tank battle in history Click to show or hide the answer
Russian city besieged by German forces for '900 days', Sep 1941–Feb 1944 Click to show or hide the answer
1944 battle where the US 3rd and 7th fleets ended Japanese naval power Click to show or hide the answer
Czech village destroyed by Nazis in 1942 as retaliation for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich Click to show or hide the answer
Baltic port: the first German city to be attacked in substantial numbers by the RAF (March 1942) Click to show or hide the answer
Bridge at Remagen, captured by US troops 7 March 1945 – the Allies' first bridgehead across the Rhine (the last one standing at the time) Click to show or hide the answer
Battle that turned the tide of the Pacific war in the Allies' favour (1942) Click to show or hide the answer
Italian abbey, destroyed in the course of four battles from January to May 1944 Click to show or hide the answer
Port in Arctic Norway, scene of one of the first major battles of World War II (April–June 1940) Click to show or hide the answer
French village where German forces massacred villagers in 1944 as a reprisal Click to show or hide the answer
Algerian port where the French fleet was scuttled in 1940 Click to show or hide the answer
"A day that will live in infamy": Franklin D. Roosevelt on Click to show or hide the answer
Capital of the German state of Brandenburg: venue of the conference of July–August 1945 at which the Allied leaders (Truman, Atlee and Stalin) agreed terms for the reconstruction and military occupation of Germany following World War II; also gave its name to the Allies' declaration of 26 July 1945 calling for the surrender of Japanese forces Click to show or hide the answer
French city in which General Eisenhower received the surrender of the Wehrmacht, on behalf of the Allies (7 May 1945) Click to show or hide the answer
Natural harbour in Orkney, used as a major British naval base in WWI & II; German fleet scuppered there 1919 Click to show or hide the answer
Surrendered to the Japanese, 15 February 1942, by Commonwealth forces that had retreated there two weeks earlier after the Japanese invaded the Malay peninsula – in what Winston Churchill described as "the worst disaster and largest capitulation in British history" Click to show or hide the answer
August 1942 to February 1943: German Sixth Army trapped and destroyed in a Soviet counter–offensive following a German siege – the turning point of the European theatre Click to show or hide the answer
Football League club whose ground (the County Ground) was used as a prisoner–of–war camp Click to show or hide the answer
Second largest of the Northern Mariana Islands: seized by the Allies in July 1944 and used as a US Air Force base – including the missions that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Click to show or hide the answer
Seat of Marshal Petain's collaborationist government in occupied France, 1940–44 Click to show or hide the answer
English name of Hitler's headquarters on the Eastern Front Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Crimean resort where Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin met to plan the future of Europe, February 1945 Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017