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History
World War II
Miscellaneous

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General
The Dam Busters
Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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World War II: Miscellaneous

General

The five European countries that remained neutral and unoccupied were:

Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer

D–Day

Beaches attacked by British forces Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Beaches attacked by US forces Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Beach attacked by Canadian forces Click to show or hide the answer

Nickname given to the German strikes on Exeter, Bath, Norwich, York and Canterbury, April–June 1942, in retaliation to the bombing of Lübeck in March 1942 (after the travel guides that the German strategists reputedly said they would use to pick their targets) Click to show or hide the answer
The longest campaign of WWII – 1939–45 – although the name was only coined (by Winston Churchill) in 1941 Click to show or hide the answer
7 January to 9 April 1942: the culmination of the Japanese invasion of the Philippines; ended in defeat for American and Filipino forces under General MacArthur, and the largest American surrender since the Civil War; resulted in a forced march of prisoners of war, later judged to be a war crime; named after a peninsula of the Philippine island of Luzon Click to show or hide the answer
Naval engagement in which HMS Hood was sunk by a single salvo from the German battleship Bismarck (24 May 1941) Click to show or hide the answer
Classical composition whose opening motif was used by the BBC to introduce news bulletins during WWII, because it echoed the Morse code for the letter V, signifying Victory Click to show or hide the answer
Young men chosen by ballot to serve in coal mines rather than the armed forces Click to show or hide the answer
Members of Hitler's SS had tattooed on insides of their upper left arms Click to show or hide the answer
3–day naval battle fought off Greece in March 1941 Click to show or hide the answer
Codename of Elyesa Bazna, the Kosovo Albanian who spied for Germany while serving as valet to Britain's ambassador to Turkey Click to show or hide the answer
Symbol of the Free French forces Click to show or hide the answer
Name used in the Republic of Ireland to refer to the period of World War II Click to show or hide the answer
The Swastika was originally meant (in both old and new worlds) to signify Click to show or hide the answer
WWII is known was the Soviet Union as the Click to show or hide the answer
Social organisation formed for patients of Sir Archibald McIndoe who had undergone reconstructive plastic surgery (and the medics who treated them) Click to show or hide the answer
4–day action off the Philippines in October 1944: probably the largest naval battle of WWII, possibly the largest ever, and the first in which the Japanese carried out organised kamikaze attacks Click to show or hide the answer
Post held by Sir John Anderson, after whom the air–raid shelters were named Click to show or hide the answer
Defensive line built by France along its borders with Germany and Italy, in the build–up to the war Click to show or hide the answer
Password for the D–Day landings Click to show or hide the answer
Battle of the Bulge: US General Anthony McAuliffe's one–word response to a German invitation to surrender, when surrounded in Bastogne Click to show or hide the answer
Name given to the strategic bridge over the Caen Canal, captured by British troops in the early hours of D–Day Click to show or hide the answer
George Bush (senior)'s role in WWII Click to show or hide the answer
Name given by the Allies to the German defences opposite the Maginot Line, which the Germans called the Westwall (name originally referred to a section of the Hindenburg Line in WWI) Click to show or hide the answer
Expelled from the League of Nations, December 1939, for invading Finland; declared war on Japan on 8 August 1945 – three months after the German surrender, two days after the Hiroshima bomb and the day before Nagasaki (as agreed at Yalta in Feb 1945) Click to show or hide the answer
"Churchill's secret army" – set up to encourage and facilitate espionage and sabotage behind enemy lines in WWII – based in Baker Street, London, and sometimes known as the Baker Street Irregulars Click to show or hide the answer
Prison camp in what is now Poland (100 miles from Berlin), from which the "Great Escape" was made on 24 March 1944 – of 76 escapers, 3 reached allied territory, 50 were executed by the Gestapo, 23 returned to this or other prison camps Click to show or hide the answer
Nicknamed 'Wildflower' by its WWII allies Click to show or hide the answer
Fascist, ultra–nationalist and terrorist organisation, active in Croatia 1929–45 Click to show or hide the answer
Ship on board which Japan surrendered on 2 September 1945 Click to show or hide the answer

The Dam Busters

Date of the Dam Busters raid Click to show or hide the answer
The Dam Busters' squadron Click to show or hide the answer
Target dams: Successfully breached Click to show or hide the answer
Click to show or hide the answer
Not breached Click to show or hide the answer
Wing Commander who led the Dam Busters raid – awarded the VC for this and other actions; killed in September 1944, aged 26 Click to show or hide the answer
Guy Gibson's dog – name used as codeword for successful mission Click to show or hide the answer
Type of aircraft used in the Dam Busters raid Click to show or hide the answer

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Hiroshima Nagasaki
Dates Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Names of the planes Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer
Names of the bombs Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer

Type of planes used Click to show or hide the answer
Pilot of the Enola Gay Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer

Support plane that flew on both missions – also a B–29 (originally meant to drop the second bomb) Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
British observer on the A–bomb flight Click to show or hide the answer
Source of radioactivity in the bombs (element) Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017