Monkey

Quiz Monkey
What do you want to know?

You are here:

Religion
History of Religion

On this page:

Founders
Churches
Other

If you like my website, and/or if you've found it useful, please consider making a small donation to my Just Giving page, which I've set up just for this purpose. To begin with I'm collecting for a charity whose work I have benefitted from myself (and continue to do so): the British Heart Foundation. It would be great to raise £100 in the first month.

If you have already donated ... Thank You!

Religion: History

Founders

The only difference between this section and the next is that in this one the answer is the founder, whereas in the next section the answer is the church, religion or sect. I'm not sure that there's any rationale behind the split; it probably just depends which way round I've heard the question asked in the past, or which way seems more logical.

Founder of the Salvation Army Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the Congregational Church Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the Church Army (born 1847) Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the First Church of Christ Scientist, 1866 (Christian Scientists) Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the Society of Friends (Quakers) Click to show or hide the answer
Leader of the Branch Davidian Sect, Waco, Texas Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the Mormon Church (received the Book of Mormon from the prophet of that name) Click to show or hide the answer
Founders of the Methodist Church Click to show or hide the answer
Succeeded Joseph Smith as leader of the Mormon church; led the trek to Utah Click to show or hide the answer

Churches

Founded by John Thomas Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in New York, 1966, by Swami Prabhupada Click to show or hide the answer
Founded by Charles Russell Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in Dublin in 1827 by Nelson Derby Click to show or hide the answer
Founded by Marcus Garvey Click to show or hide the answer
Founded by L. Ron Hubbard in 1952, as a development of the self-help system that he called Dianetics Click to show or hide the answer
Founded by Ann Lee in Manchester, 1772; moved to New York 1774 Click to show or hide the answer
Founded in 1469 by Guru Baber Nanak Click to show or hide the answer
Formed in 1972 by the amalgamation of the Congregational and Presbyterian churches Click to show or hide the answer

Other

The year of three popes (Paul VI died 6 August, John Paul I elected 26 August and died 28 September, John Paul II elected 16 October) Click to show or hide the answer
Campaign fought by the Catholic Church against the Cathars (who believed in two gods – one of the world, representing power, and one of pure spirit, representing love) in the Languedoc, 1209–29 Click to show or hide the answer
Followers of Jesus were first called Christians at Click to show or hide the answer
First state to adopt Christianity as its religion (300 AD) Click to show or hide the answer
Seat of the Papacy, 1309–77 Click to show or hide the answer
Siddharta Gautama (563 – 484 BC) Click to show or hide the answer
French Protestant leader in the Reformation (16th century); infamous for his role in the execution of Michael Servetus Click to show or hide the answer
Order of monks founded 1086 by St. Bruno Click to show or hide the answer
Only saint canonised by the Church of England and not the Catholic Church Click to show or hide the answer
(Probably) the first Christian emperor of Rome: son of St. Helena, but resisted Christianity as a youth; converted following his victory at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, 312; proclaimed religious tolerance 313. (Christianity was finally made the official religion of the empire by Theodosius I in 380) Click to show or hide the answer
Archbishop who wrote most of the Book of Common Prayer Click to show or hide the answer
1521: Luther defended his 95 Theses (against the Papal Legates) at the Click to show or hide the answer
1685: Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes, causing many protestants to leave France Click to show or hide the answer
1598: Henry VI of France granted freedom of worship to protestants Click to show or hide the answer
18th–century religious revival in the American colonies, inspired by the preaching of George Whitfield Click to show or hide the answer
Two periods (730–787 and 814–842) when Byzantine emperors, backed by leaders of the Greek Orthodox church, banned religious images Click to show or hide the answer
Members of the Society of Jesus (an evangelical movement founded in 1540 by St. Ignatius Loyola) - of whom Pope Francis is one - are commonly known as Click to show or hide the answer
Founder of the Church of Scotland; author of the pamphlet First Blast of the Trumpet against the Monstrous Regiment of Women (1558) Click to show or hide the answer
16th century followers of the 14th century dissident John Wycliffe, regarded as a precursor to the Protestant Reformation – not a cohesive movement; name probably derives from a word meaning 'uneducated' Click to show or hide the answer
Popular name (among Orthodox Christians) for the Image of Edessa, claimed to be a likeness of Jesus made in his lifetime Click to show or hide the answer
Before founding the Salvation Army, William Booth was a minister of the Click to show or hide the answer
Venue of the Church Councils of 325 and 787 AD; the eponymous Creed was drawn up and the date of Easter was set Click to show or hide the answer
19th-century movement based on High Church ritual, led by John Henry Newman and John Keble Click to show or hide the answer
Once known as the Separatists Click to show or hide the answer
Founded 1810 with meetings on Mow Cop, a hill near Stoke–on–Trent Click to show or hide the answer
Began as the Christian Revival Society in London’s Whitechapel, 1865 Click to show or hide the answer
English movement of the 16th and 17th centuries, advocating the running of each church by its own congregation - to which the founders of the first American colony (a.k.a. the Pilgrim Fathers) belonged Click to show or hide the answer
Spanish theologian, denounced as a heretic by Calvin and burnt at the stake in Geneva, 1553 Click to show or hide the answer
Movement started in Manchester 1772 by Ann Lee, as a branch of the Quakers Click to show or hide the answer
Used (according to tradition) by St. Patrick to explain the doctrine of the Holy Trinity Click to show or hide the answer
Worn by pilgrims in mediaeval Europe (especially to the shrine of St. James at Compostela, Spain) Click to show or hide the answer
Mediaeval ascetics who lived at the top of pillars, believing that the mortification of their bodies would ensure the salvation of their souls. The most famous example was St. Simeon Stylites (390–459) who lived on a pillar near Aleppo, Syria, for the last 37 years of his life Click to show or hide the answer
1521: Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses (against the sale of indulgences; defended against the Papal Legates at the Diet of Worms, 1521) to the cathedral door at Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017