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Science |

History of Mathematics |

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English mathematician and philosopher, 1815–64: invented, and gave his name to, a form of algebra based on logical functions rather than numerical | George Boole | |

English mathematician (1561–1631) who introduced common logarithms | Henry Briggs | |

French mathematician and philosopher who invented analytical geometry; coined the term "imaginary number", meaning it to be derogatory | Rene Descartes | |

Swiss mathematician, 1707–83: made important and influential discoveries in infinitesimal calculus, graph theory, topology and analytic number theory | Leonhard Euler | |

French mathematician, 1607–65: recognised (along with Pascal) as one of the founders of probability theory, but most famous for his so–called 'last theorem' – for which he claimed to have a proof, but which was not demonstrably proved until 1994 – by Andrew Wiles | Pierre de Fermat | |

Canadian mathematician, 1863–1932: gave his name to the medal that he established in 1936, awarded every four years since 1950 to between two and four mathematicians under the age of 40 for outstanding achievement in mathematics | John Charles Fields | |

Austrian–born maths professor at Warwick University, one of four recipients of the Fields Medal in 2014 | Martin Hairer | |

German polymath (1676–1716): developed a theory of calculus independently from Sir Isaac Newton; according to Wikipedia, mathematical works have always favored his notation to Newton's | Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz | |

Inventor of logarithms (1614) and the decimal point | John Napier | |

Generalised the binomial theorem (1676); shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for developing the infinitesimal calculus | Isaac Newton | |

French mathematician who invented a calculating machine in 1642, invented the roulette wheel in a search for perpetual motion, contributed to the development of calculus and the theory of probability; first described a tabular presentation for binomial coefficients, commonly named after him but sometimes known as the "arithmetical triangle" | Blaise Pascal | |

French mathematician (1781–1840) who gave his name to a probability distribution | Siméon–Denis Poisson | |

English logician (1834–1923): gave his name to a type of diagram that shows the relationships between a collection of sets, intersecting areas denoting elements that are common to the sets represented | John Venn | |

English mathematician who proved Fermat's Last Theorem, 1998 | Andrew Wiles |

© Haydn Thompson 2018