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Religion
Christianity

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Sanctification
Orders
Other

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Christianity

See also: The Bible (Index), The Clergy, Patron Saints.

Sanctification (in the Roman Catholic Church)

Step 1: begins at least 5 years after the subject's death (unless waived by the Pope, as John Paul II did for Mother Teresa, or Benedict XVI did for John Paul himself ). Evidence of the individual's virtues is gathered, and eventually presented to the Papal Court. During this investigation, the individual is referred to as Click to show or hide the answer
Step 2: granting of permission for the Servant of God to be exhumed, certification is made that no improper cult has grown up around the individual or his or her tomb, and relics are taken Click to show or hide the answer
Step 3: the Pope proclaims the individual's "heroic virtue", and the Servant of God is referred to as Click to show or hide the answer
Step 4: the church states that it is "worthy of belief" that the individual is in heaven; requires either martyrdom, or a miracle to have occurred as a result of prayers to the Venerable Servant of God after his or her death (in the latter case, the individual is referred to as a "confessor" – i.e. they confessed their faith by the way they lived Click to show or hide the answer
Step 5: requires at least two miracles to have occurred after death Click to show or hide the answer

Orders

The first three of these (the Black, White and Grey Friars – but not necessarily in that order) are always coming up, and I for one can never remember which is which. Does anyone know a good way to remember them?

White Friars belong to the order of Click to show or hide the answer
Sometimes known as the Black Friars; formally known as the Order of Preachers Click to show or hide the answer
Sometimes known as the Grey friars Click to show or hide the answer
The only order of English origin (founded in Lincolnshire 1130, ended with the dissolution of the monasteries 1536–41) Click to show or hide the answer
Common name for monks of the Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance – famous for their "vow of silence" Click to show or hide the answer

Other

Latest time of day that Anglican marriages can be celebrated Click to show or hide the answer
Seat of the head of the Coptic Church Click to show or hide the answer
Bell rung in Roman Catholic countries at morning, noon and sunset Click to show or hide the answer
Thirty–nine Articles: define the doctrine of the Click to show or hide the answer
Next in rank to a bishop Click to show or hide the answer
Public announcement of a couple's plan to marry, to ensure that the marriage is legal; required to be read three times (normally read on three Sundays prior to the ceremony). Commonly associated with the Church of England – abolished by the Roman Catholic church in 1983 Click to show or hide the answer
Philistine deity: name, meaning Lord of the flies, used in Christian and Biblical sources for one of the seven princes of Hell; cited in the lyrics of Queen's Bohemian Rhapsody Click to show or hide the answer
Governing body of the Roman Catholic Church in England & Wales Click to show or hide the answer
Word used for a papal decree or edict – after the seal (bulla) attached to it Click to show or hide the answer
The Bishop of the Arctic lives in Click to show or hide the answer
Primate of All England: Archbishop of Click to show or hide the answer
Next in rank to the Pope Click to show or hide the answer
Christian manual given to confirmees Click to show or hide the answer
Cross mounted on three steps symbolising faith, hope and charity Click to show or hide the answer
Established churches in Britain: Church of England and Click to show or hide the answer
Popes are elected by the Click to show or hide the answer
Egypt's largest Christian church (after the local language, a modern form of Egyptian) Click to show or hide the answer
Register of Anglican clergy Click to show or hide the answer
Emblem of the Pope Click to show or hide the answer
Governing body of the Roman Catholic Church Click to show or hide the answer
The extent of a bishop's jurisdiction (often, some say wrongly, called a See) Click to show or hide the answer
Short hymn of praise added to the end of a psalm, prayer or hymn (from the Greek for "glory" and "speaking") Click to show or hide the answer
The idea or belief that there should be one Christian faith and one Christian church Click to show or hide the answer
Letter sent by the Pope to his bishops (or some of them) Click to show or hide the answer
US church of the Anglican communion Click to show or hide the answer
Sacrament (ceremony) of the Lord's Supper (Last Supper) Click to show or hide the answer
Evening service in the Anglican church Click to show or hide the answer
Ritual that ends in a curse by bell, book and candle Click to show or hide the answer
Part of the Pope's official regalia, symbolising that he is the successor of St. Peter; a new one is cast for each Pope; kissed by followers Click to show or hide the answer
Governing body of the Anglican Church – set up 1970 to give the laity more say Click to show or hide the answer
Derived from the Greek for Jesus Click to show or hide the answer
Most popular name for Popes (XXIII, 1958–63) Click to show or hide the answer
10–yearly assembly of bishops of worldwide Anglican communion Click to show or hide the answer
Congregation makes fixed responses to the petitions of the priest Click to show or hide the answer
Principal church of all the Scandinavian countries Click to show or hide the answer
Sunday morning worship in the Anglican church Click to show or hide the answer
More familiar name for the Song (or Canticle) of Simeon – taken from a text in Luke's gospel – opening words "Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace" Click to show or hide the answer
Official title of a Papal ambassador Click to show or hide the answer
Annual collection (formerly a tax) for the upkeep of the Vatican Click to show or hide the answer
Patriarch of the West, The Vicar of Christ, Bishop of Rome: alternative titles of; Camelingo: Chamberlain and Chancellor to Click to show or hide the answer
Place or state, in Roman Catholic belief, in which the souls of those who have died in a state of grace can expiate their venial sins, with limited suffering Click to show or hide the answer
Seat or office of a bishop (often, some say wrongly, used synonymously with Diocese) Click to show or hide the answer
The highest rank of angels Click to show or hide the answer
Said to have been used by St. Patrick to explain the Holy Trinity Click to show or hide the answer
Chapel in the Vatican where the College of Cardinals meets to elect Popes Click to show or hide the answer
Bodily marks corresponding to those made by nails in Jesus' body Click to show or hide the answer
Bishop with no diocese of his own, who assists another bishop Click to show or hide the answer
Private army of the Vatican Click to show or hide the answer
Triple crown traditionally worn by the Pope Click to show or hide the answer
Venue of the 19th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church, 1545–63, which upheld several central dogmas and initiated the Counter–Reformation Click to show or hide the answer
Head of the Roman Catholic Church in England: Archbishop of Click to show or hide the answer
Venue of the synod (664 AD) that established the Roman (rather than the Celtic) form of Christianity in Britain – including the Roman method of setting the date of Easter Click to show or hide the answer
Primate of England: Archbishop of Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2017