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Science |

History of Mathematics |

Described (by Wikipedia) as "one of the highest honours a mathematician can receive": first awarded in 1936, and awarded every four years since 1950, to between two and four mathematicians under the age of 40 for outstanding achievement in mathematics; named after the Canadian mathematician who was instrumental in establishing it | Fields Medal |

English mathematician and philosopher, 1815–64: invented, and gave his name to, a form of algebra based on logical functions rather than numerical | George Boole | |

English mathematician (1561–1631) who introduced common logarithms | Henry Briggs | |

French mathematician and philosopher who invented analytical geometry; coined the term "imaginary number", meaning it to be derogatory | Rene Descartes | |

The ancient Greek "Father of Geometry": Elements (published around 300 BC) has been called
"the most successful and influential textbook ever written" |
Euclid | |

Swiss mathematician, 1707–83: made important and influential discoveries in infinitesimal calculus, graph theory, topology and analytic number theory | Leonhard Euler | |

French mathematician, 1607–65: recognised (along with Pascal) as one of the founders of probability theory, but most famous for his so–called 'last theorem' – for which he claimed to have a proof, but which was not demonstrably proved until 1994 – by Andrew Wiles | Pierre de Fermat | |

Canadian mathematician, 1863–1932: established, designed, and gave his name to one of the highest honours a mathematician can receive – although he died before it was ever awarded | John Charles Fields | |

Austrian–born maths professor at Warwick University, one of four recipients of the Fields Medal in 2014 | Martin Hairer | |

German polymath (1676–1716): developed a theory of calculus independently from Sir Isaac Newton; according to Wikipedia, mathematical works have always favored his notation to Newton's | Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz | |

Inventor of logarithms (1614) and the decimal point | John Napier | |

Generalised the binomial theorem (1676); shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for developing the infinitesimal calculus | Isaac Newton | |

French mathematician who invented a calculating machine in 1642, invented the roulette wheel in a search for perpetual motion, contributed to the development of calculus and the theory of probability; first described a tabular presentation for binomial coefficients, commonly named after him but sometimes known as the "arithmetical triangle" | Blaise Pascal | |

French mathematician (1781–1840) who gave his name to a probability distribution | Siméon–Denis Poisson | |

English logician (1834–1923): gave his name to a type of diagram that shows the relationships between a collection of sets, intersecting areas denoting elements that are common to the sets represented | John Venn | |

English mathematician who proved Fermat's Last Theorem, 1998 | Andrew Wiles |

© Haydn Thompson 2017–22