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Geography
Towns and Cities
Rest of the World

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Towns and Cities: Rest of the World

i.e. not including the UK, Europe, Asia, USA or Canada. Essentially Africa, Central and South America, and Australasia.

The world's closest capital cities (excluding Rome and the Vatican, Nicosia and Northern Nicosia):

Click to show or hide the answer Click to show or hide the answer

These two cities lie opposite each other, on either side of the Congo River. According to the Distance Calculator website, their centres are 5 miles (8 kilometres) apart as the crow flies. Across the river itself the distance is only about 2 miles (3.2 kilometres).

La Quebrada – a cliff where divers plunge 80 feet into the sea (Mexican seaport and coastal resort) Click to show or hide the answer
Headquarters of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) Click to show or hide the answer
Named after the consort of William IV (Australian city) Click to show or hide the answer
Moroccan resort destroyed by an earthquake in 1960 Click to show or hide the answer
Egypt's second largest city: founded in 331 BC, and capital of Egypt for the next thousand years; site of the Pharos (lighthouse – one of the seven wonders of the ancient world), and the largest library in the ancient world; a new library was opened in 2002 to celebrate and build on this historical legacy Click to show or hide the answer
Known to its inhabitants as El Djazair Click to show or hide the answer
Capital of Central Australia, 1926–31 Click to show or hide the answer
New Zealand's largest city, and former capital – replaced by Wellington 1865 Click to show or hide the answer
Equatorial Guinea's largest city and seaport – where the final of the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations (football) was held Click to show or hide the answer
Libya's second largest city Click to show or hide the answer
Capital of South Africa's Free State province; also the judicial capital of the country Click to show or hide the answer
Founded 1960 to serve as its country's capital; laid out to look like an aeroplane from the air Click to show or hide the answer
Woolongabba, famous for its cricket ground which is informally known as "the Gabba", is a suburb of Click to show or hide the answer
City of northern Queensland, used as a base for excursions to the Great Barrier Reef Click to show or hide the answer
Africa's most populous city; known to its inhabitants as Al Qahirah Click to show or hide the answer
Verdi's Aida was first performed (in 1871) in
El Azhar mosque
Morocco's largest city (2014 population 3,359,818) Click to show or hide the answer
Largest city on New Zealand's South Island Click to show or hide the answer
City of the Plains, The Garden City
Has a cardboard cathedral, opened in 2013 to replace one that suffered serious damage in an earthquake in 2011 Click for more information
Port at the Atlantic end of the Panama Canal Click to show or hide the answer
Ancient capital of the Inca Empire; now the nearest city to Machu Picchu Click to show or hide the answer
Capital of Tanzania, 1964–73 – still its largest and richest city and administrative centre Click to show or hide the answer
The International Cricket Council (ICC) moved its headquarters in 2005, from London to Click to show or hide the answer
Seventh largest city in New Zealand, and second largest on the South Island; historically one of its four major cities (along with Wellington, Auckland and Christchurch); name is an anglicised version of the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh Click to show or hide the answer
Major port and meat packing and canning centre in Uruguay, from which the Anglo company began exporting corned beef in 1899; named after a reclusive priest Click to show or hide the answer
Major port on the Madeira islands Click to show or hide the answer
The only city in (mainland) South America where Test cricket is played Click to show or hide the answer
La Malecón (the Jetty), Tropicana (nightclub) Click to show or hide the answer
Home of the Buena Vista Social Club (musical ensemble)
Blue Nile and White Nile meet at Click to show or hide the answer
The world's highest capital city (above sea level); home of the world's highest golf course; full name means "Our Lady of Peace" Click to show or hide the answer
In Natal, named after the wife of a colonial administrator (Sir Henry Smith); besieged (by Boers) November 1889 – February 1890 Click to show or hide the answer
Africa's second most populous city; capital of Nigeria, 1914–19 – replaced by the purpose–built city of Abuja Click to show or hide the answer
Tasmania's second largest city, after Hobart – named after a market town in Cornwall (Australians pronounce the middle syllable!) Click to show or hide the answer
Modern (Egyptian) city built on the site of Thebes Click to show or hide the answer
Built on a site chosen by John Batman; named after Queen Victoria's first prime minister Click to show or hide the answer
De facto capital of Australia, 1901–27 (interim seat of the parliament and government, before they moved to Canberra)
Has the world's second largest Greek population, after Athens
Stands on the site of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan. Devastated by an earthquake, 1985 – between 5,000 and 20,000 fatalities, up to 90,000 left homeless Click to show or hide the answer
Second largest city, and largest port, in Kenya Click to show or hide the answer
African capital city, named after a US president Click to show or hide the answer
The second oldest city in Australia, and the second largest in New South Wales (after Sydney in both cases): situated at the mouth of the Hunter River, it exports more coal than any other port in the world Click to show or hide the answer
Fremantle is the port of (Australian city) Click to show or hide the answer
Egypt: city at the Northern end of the Suez Canal (Suez is at the Southern end) Click to show or hide the answer
Capital of the Falkland Islands Click to show or hide the answer
The World's southernmost city (Magallanes region, Chile) Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Nearest capital city to the equator Click to show or hide the answer
Capital of Brazil until 1960; a carioca or cariocan is a native of Click to show or hide the answer
Copacabana and Ipanema are suburbs of
The world's largest football stadium – the Maracana
Overlooked by the Sugar Loaf mountain and the statue Christ of Corcovado
Founded by the Portuguese in 1549 as the capital of Brazil: replaced by Rio de Janeiro in 1763 Click for more information Click to show or hide the answer
Universidad Bernardo O'Higgins is a private university in Click to show or hide the answer
Brazil's most populous city, and the world's most populous Portuguese–speaking city Click to show or hide the answer
Elected a rhinoceros called Cacareco to the City Council in 1959
Major city of the Crimea Click to show or hide the answer
China's most populous city Click to show or hide the answer
Circular Quay, Taronga Zoo, Randwick Racecourse; Botany, Bondi, Bronte and Manly are suburbs of Click to show or hide the answer
Historic trading post between Arab and West African cultures – also a religious and educational centre – fabled in the West as a metaphor for exotic, distant lands; now in Mali. Home of the Djingareyber, Sankore and Sidi Yahya mosques Click to show or hide the answer
United Nations University (headquarters) Click to show or hide the answer
North African city, name derived from the Greek for "three cities" Click to show or hide the answer
Seaport that serves Mexico City Click to show or hide the answer
The world's southernmost and easternmost capital city – the first to celebrate each day; Port Nicholson is the former name for its harbour Click to show or hide the answer
Australian town, home of the Long Range Weapons Establishment Click to show or hide the answer

© Haydn Thompson 2018